browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
cattle

more about cattle

cattle


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cattle  \Cat"tle\  (k[a^]t"t'l),  n.  pl  [OE.  calet,  chatel,  goods, 
  property,  OF  catel,  chatel,  LL  captale  capitale,  goods, 
  property,  esp.  cattle,  fr  L.  capitals  relating  to  the  head, 
  chief;  because  in  early  ages  beasts  constituted  the  chief 
  part  of  a  man's  property.  See  {Capital},  and  cf  {Chattel}.] 
  Quadrupeds  of  the  Bovine  family;  sometimes  also  including 
  all  domestic  quadrupeds,  as  sheep,  goats,  horses,  mules, 
  asses,  and  swine. 
 
  {Belted  cattle},  {Black  cattle}.  See  under  {Belted},  {Black}. 
 
 
  {Cattle  guard},  a  trench  under  a  railroad  track  and  alongside 
  a  crossing  (as  of  a  public  highway).  It  is  intended  to 
  prevent  cattle  from  getting  upon  the  track. 
 
  {cattle  louse}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  species  of  louse  infecting 
  cattle.  There  are  several  species.  The  {H[ae]matatopinus 
  eurysternus}  and  {H.  vituli}  are  common  species  which  suck 
  blood;  {Trichodectes  scalaris}  eats  the  hair. 
 
  {Cattle  plague},  the  rinderpest;  called  also  {Russian  cattle 
  plague}. 
 
  {Cattle  range},  or  {Cattle  run},  an  open  space  through  which 
  cattle  may  run  or  range.  [U.  S.]  --Bartlett. 
 
  {Cattle  show},  an  exhibition  of  domestic  animals  with  prizes 
  for  the  encouragement  of  stock  breeding;  --  usually 
  accompanied  with  the  exhibition  of  other  agricultural  and 
  domestic  products  and  of  implements. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cattle 
  n  :  domesticated  bovine  animals  as  a  group  regardless  of  sex  or 
  age:  "so  many  head  of  cattle";  "wait  till  the  cows  come 
  home";  "seven  thin  and  ill-favored  kine"-  Bible;  "a  team 
  of  oxen"  [syn:  {cows},  {kine},  {oxen},  {Bos  taurus}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cattle 
  abounded  in  the  Holy  Land.  To  the  rearing  and  management  of  them 
  the  inhabitants  chiefly  devoted  themselves  (Deut.  8:13;  12:21;  1 
  Sam.  11:5;  12:3;  Ps  144:14;  Jer.  3:24).  They  may  be  classified 
  as 
 
  (1.)  Neat  cattle.  Many  hundreds  of  these  were  yearly  consumed 
  in  sacrifices  or  used  for  food.  The  finest  herds  were  found  in 
  Bashan,  beyond  Jordan  (Num.  32:4).  Large  herds  also  pastured  on 
  the  wide  fertile  plains  of  Sharon.  They  were  yoked  to  the  plough 
  (1  Kings  19:19),  and  were  employed  for  carrying  burdens  (1  Chr. 
  12:40).  They  were  driven  with  a  pointed  rod  (Judg.  3:31)  or  goad 
  (q.v.). 
 
  According  to  the  Mosaic  law,  the  mouths  of  cattle  employed  for 
  the  threshing-floor  were  not  to  be  muzzled,  so  as  to  prevent 
  them  from  eating  of  the  provender  over  which  they  trampled 
  (Deut.  25:4).  Whosoever  stole  and  sold  or  slaughtered  an  ox  must 
  give  five  in  satisfaction  (Ex.  22:1);  but  if  it  was  found  alive 
  in  the  possession  of  him  who  stole  it  he  was  required  to  make 
  double  restitution  only  (22:4).  If  an  ox  went  astray,  whoever 
  found  it  was  required  to  bring  it  back  to  its  owner  (23:4;  Deut. 
  22:1,  4).  An  ox  and  an  ass  could  not  be  yoked  together  in  the 
  plough  (Deut.  22:10). 
 
  (2.)  Small  cattle.  Next  to  herds  of  neat  cattle,  sheep  formed 
  the  most  important  of  the  possessions  of  the  inhabitants  of 
  Palestine  (Gen.  12:16;  13:5;  26:14;  21:27;  29:2,  3).  They  are 
  frequently  mentioned  among  the  booty  taken  in  war  (Num.  31:32; 
  Josh.  6:21;  1  Sam.  14:32;  15:3).  There  were  many  who  were  owners 
  of  large  flocks  (1  Sam.  25:2;  2  Sam.  12:2,  comp.  Job  1:3).  Kings 
  also  had  shepherds  "over  their  flocks"  (1  Chr.  27:31),  from 
  which  they  derived  a  large  portion  of  their  revenue  (2  Sam. 
  17:29;  1  Chr.  12:40).  The  districts  most  famous  for  their  flocks 
  of  sheep  were  the  plain  of  Sharon  (Isa.  65:  10),  Mount  Carmel 
  (Micah  7:14),  Bashan  and  Gilead  (Micah  7:14).  In  patriarchal 
  times  the  flocks  of  sheep  were  sometimes  tended  by  the  daughters 
  of  the  owners.  Thus  Rachel,  the  daughter  of  Laban,  kept  her 
  father's  sheep  (Gen.  29:9);  as  also  Zipporah  and  her  six  sisters 
  had  charge  of  their  father  Jethro's  flocks  (Ex.  2:16).  Sometimes 
  they  were  kept  by  hired  shepherds  (John  10:12),  and  sometimes  by 
  the  sons  of  the  family  (1  Sam.  16:11;  17:15).  The  keepers  so 
  familiarized  their  sheep  with  their  voices  that  they  knew  them 
  and  followed  them  at  their  call  Sheep,  but  more  especially  rams 
  and  lambs,  were  frequently  offered  in  sacrifice.  The  shearing  of 
  sheep  was  a  great  festive  occasion  (1  Sam.  25:4;  2  Sam.  13:23). 
  They  were  folded  at  night,  and  guarded  by  their  keepers  against 
  the  attacks  of  the  lion  (Micah  5:8),  the  bear  (1  Sam.  17:34), 
  and  the  wolf  (Matt.  10:16;  John  10:12).  They  were  liable  to 
  wander  over  the  wide  pastures  and  go  astray  (Ps.  119:176;  Isa. 
  53:6;  Hos.  4:16;  Matt.  18:12). 
 
  Goats  also  formed  a  part  of  the  pastoral  wealth  of  Palestine 
  (Gen.  15:9;  32:14;  37:31).  They  were  used  both  for  sacrifice  and 
  for  food  (Deut.  14:4),  especially  the  young  males  (Gen.  27:9, 
  14,  17;  Judg.  6:19;  13:15;  1  Sam.  16:20).  Goat's  hair  was  used 
  for  making  tent  cloth  (Ex.  26:7;  36:14),  and  for  mattresses  and 
  bedding  (1  Sam.  19:13,  16).  (See  {GOAT}.) 
 




more about cattle