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bashan


bashan


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Bashan 
  light  soil,  first  mentioned  in  Gen.  14:5,  where  it  is  said  that 
  Chedorlaomer  and  his  confederates  "smote  the  Rephaim  in 
  Ashteroth,"  where  Og  the  king  of  Bashan  had  his  residence.  At 
  the  time  of  Israel's  entrance  into  the  Promised  Land,  Og  came 
  out  against  them  but  was  utterly  routed  (Num.  21:33-35;  Deut. 
  3:1-7).  This  country  extended  from  Gilead  in  the  south  to  Hermon 
  in  the  north,  and  from  the  Jordan  on  the  west  to  Salcah  on  the 
  east.  Along  with  the  half  of  Gilead  it  was  given  to  the 
  half-tribe  of  Manasseh  (Josh.  13:29-31).  Golan,  one  of  its 
  cities,  became  a  "city  of  refuge"  (Josh.  21:27).  Argob,  in 
  Bashan,  was  one  of  Solomon's  commissariat  districts  (1  Kings 
  4:13).  The  cities  of  Bashan  were  taken  by  Hazael  (2  Kings 
  10:33),  but  were  soon  after  reconquered  by  Jehoash  (2  Kings 
  13:25),  who  overcame  the  Syrians  in  three  battles,  according  to 
  the  word  of  Elisha  (19).  From  this  time  Bashan  almost  disappears 
  from  history,  although  we  read  of  the  wild  cattle  of  its  rich 
  pastures  (Ezek.  39:18;  Ps  22:12),  the  oaks  of  its  forests  (Isa. 
  2:13;  Ezek.  27:6;  Zech.  11:2),  and  the  beauty  of  its  extensive 
  plains  (Amos  4:1;  Jer.  50:19).  Soon  after  the  conquest,  the  name 
  Gilead"  was  given  to  the  whole  country  beyond  Jordan.  After  the 
  Exile,  Bashan  was  divided  into  four  districts,  (1.)  Gaulonitis 
  or  Jaulan  the  most  western;  (2.)  Auranitis  the  Hauran  (Ezek. 
  47:16);  (3.)  Argob  or  Trachonitis,  now  the  Lejah;  and  (4.) 
  Batanaea  now  Ard-el-Bathanyeh,  on  the  east  of  the  Lejah,  with 
  many  deserted  towns  almost  as  perfect  as  when  they  were 
  inhabited.  (See  {HAURAN}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Bashan,  in  the  tooth,  in  ivory