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exile

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exile


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Exile  \Ex*ile"\,  a.  [L.  exilis.] 
  Small  slender;  thin;  fine.  [Obs.]  ``An  exile  sound.'' 
  --Bacon. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Exile  \Ex"ile\,  n.  [OE.  exil,  fr  L.  exilium  exsilium  fr 
  exsuil  one  who  quits,  or  is  banished  from  his  native  soil; 
  ex  out  +  solum  ground,  land,  soil,  or  perh.  fr.the  root  of 
  salire  to  leap,  spring;  cf  F.  exil.  Cf  {Sole}  of  the  foot, 
  {Saltation}.] 
  1.  Forced  separation  from  one's  native  country;  expulsion 
  from  one's  home  by  the  civil  authority;  banishment; 
  sometimes  voluntary  separation  from  one's  native  country. 
 
  Let  them  be  recalled  from  their  exile.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  The  person  expelled  from  his  country  by  authority;  also 
  one  who  separates  himself  from  his  home. 
 
  Thou  art  in  exile,  and  thou  must  not  stay.  --Shak. 
 
  Syn:  Banishment;  proscription;  expulsion. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Exile  \Ex"ile\v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Exiled};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Exiling}.] 
  To  banish  or  expel  from  one's  own  country  or  home;  to  drive 
  away  ``Exiled  from  eternal  God.''  --Tennyson. 
 
  Calling  home  our  exiled  friends  abroad.  --Shak. 
 
  Syn:  See  {Banish}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  exile 
  n  1:  voluntarily  absent  from  home  or  country  [syn:  {expatriate}] 
  2:  expelled  from  home  or  country  by  authority  [syn:  {deportee}] 
  3:  the  act  of  expelling  a  person  from  their  native  land  [syn:  {deportation}, 
  {expatriation}] 
  v  :  expel  from  a  country  [syn:  {expatriate},  {deport}]  [ant:  {repatriate}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Exile 
  (1.)  Of  the  kingdom  of  Israel.  In  the  time  of  Pekah, 
  Tiglath-pileser  II  carried  away  captive  into  Assyria  (2  Kings 
  15:29;  comp.  Isa.  10:5,  6)  a  part  of  the  inhabitants  of  Galilee 
  and  of  Gilead  (B.C.  741). 
 
  After  the  destruction  of  Samaria  (B.C.  720)  by  Shalmaneser  and 
  Sargon  (q.v.),  there  was  a  general  deportation  of  the  Israelites 
  into  Mesopotamia  and  Media  (2  Kings  17:6;  18:9;  1  Chr.  5:26). 
  (See  ISRAEL,  KINGDOM  {OF}.) 
 
  (2.)  Of  the  kingdom  of  the  two  tribes,  the  kingdom  of  Judah. 
  Nebuchadnezzar,  in  the  fourth  year  of  Jehoiakim  (Jer.  25:1), 
  invaded  Judah,  and  carried  away  some  royal  youths,  including 
  Daniel  and  his  companions  (B.C.  606),  together  with  the  sacred 
  vessels  of  the  temple  (2  Chr.  36:7;  Dan.  1:2).  In  B.C.  598  (Jer. 
  52:28;  2  Kings  24:12),  in  the  beginning  of  Jehoiachin's  reign  (2 
  Kings  24:8),  Nebuchadnezzar  carried  away  captive  3,023  eminent 
  Jews,  including  the  king  (2  Chr.  36:10),  with  his  family  and 
  officers  (2  Kings  24:12),  and  a  large  number  of  warriors  (16), 
  with  very  many  persons  of  note  (14),  and  artisans  (16),  leaving 
  behind  only  those  who  were  poor  and  helpless.  This  was  the  first 
  general  deportation  to  Babylon. 
 
  In  B.C.  588,  after  the  revolt  of  Zedekiah  (q.v.),  there  was  a 
  second  general  deportation  of  Jews  by  Nebuchadnezzar  (Jer. 
  52:29;  2  Kings  25:8),  including  832  more  of  the  principal  men  of 
  the  kingdom.  He  carried  away  also  the  rest  of  the  sacred  vessels 
  (2  Chr.  36:18).  From  this  period,  when  the  temple  was  destroyed 
  (2  Kings  25:9),  to  the  complete  restoration,  B.C.  517  (Ezra 
  6:15),  is  the  period  of  the  "seventy  years." 
 
  In  B.C.  582  occurred  the  last  and  final  deportation.  The 
  entire  number  Nebuchadnezzar  carried  captive  was  4,600  heads  of 
  families  with  their  wives  and  children  and  dependants  (Jer. 
  52:30;  43:5-7;  2  Chr.  36:20,  etc.).  Thus  the  exiles  formed  a 
  very  considerable  community  in  Babylon. 
 
  When  Cyrus  granted  permission  to  the  Jews  to  return  to  their 
  own  land  (Ezra  1:5;  7:13),  only  a  comparatively  small  number  at 
  first  availed  themselves  of  the  privilege.  It  cannot  be 
  questioned  that  many  belonging  to  the  kingdom  of  Israel 
  ultimately  joined  the  Jews  under  Ezra,  Zerubbabel,  and  Nehemiah, 
  and  returned  along  with  them  to  Jerusalem  (Jer.  50:4,  5,  17-20, 
  33-35). 
 
  Large  numbers  had  however,  settled  in  the  land  of  Babylon, 
  and  formed  numerous  colonies  in  different  parts  of  the  kingdom. 
  Their  descendants  very  probably  have  spread  far  into  Eastern 
  lands  and  become  absorbed  in  the  general  population.  (See  JUDAH, 
  KINGDOM  {OF};  {CAPTIVITY}.) 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  EXILE,  n.  One  who  serves  his  country  by  residing  abroad,  yet  is  not 
  an  ambassador. 
  An  English  sea-captain  being  asked  if  he  had  read  "The  Exile  of 
  Erin,"  replied:  "No,  sir,  but  I  should  like  to  anchor  on  it."  Years 
  afterwards,  when  he  had  been  hanged  as  a  pirate  after  a  career  of 
  unparalleled  atrocities,  the  following  memorandum  was  found  in  the 
  ship's  log  that  he  had  kept  at  the  time  of  his  reply: 
 
  Aug.  3d,  1842.  Made  a  joke  on  the  ex-Isle  of  Erin.  Coldly 
  received.  War  with  the  whole  world! 
 
 




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