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jordan

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jordan


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Jordan  \Jor"dan\,  Jorden  \Jor"den\,  n.  [Prob.  fr  the  river 
  Jordan,  and  shortened  fr  Jordan  bottle  a  bottle  of  water 
  from  the  Jordan,  brought  back  by  pilgrims.] 
  1.  A  pot  or  vessel  with  a  large  neck,  formerly  used  by 
  physicians  and  alchemists.  [Obs.]  --Halliwell. 
 
  2.  A  chamber  pot.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer.  Shak. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Jordan 
  n  1:  a  river  in  Palestine  that  empties  into  the  Dead  Sea;  John 
  the  Baptist  baptized  Jesus  in  the  Jordan  [syn:  {Jordan}, 
  {Jordan  River}] 
  2:  an  Arab  kingdom  in  southwestern  Asia  on  the  Red  Sea  [syn:  {Jordan}, 
  {Hashemite  Kingdom  of  Jordan}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Jordan,  AR 
  Zip  code(s):  72519 
  Jordan,  MN  (city,  FIPS  32174) 
  Location:  44.66850  N,  93.63225  W 
  Population  (1990):  2909  (1091  housing  units) 
  Area:  5.7  sq  km  (land),  0.1  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  55352 
  Jordan,  MT  (town,  FIPS  39925) 
  Location:  47.32115  N,  106.91002  W 
  Population  (1990):  494  (258  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.9  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  59337 
  Jordan,  NY  (village,  FIPS  38825) 
  Location:  43.06571  N,  76.47326  W 
  Population  (1990):  1325  (510  housing  units) 
  Area:  2.7  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  13080 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Jordan 
  Heb.  Yarden,  "the  descender;"  Arab.  Nahr-esh-Sheriah,  "the 
  watering-place"  the  chief  river  of  Palestine.  It  flows  from 
  north  to  south  down  a  deep  valley  in  the  centre  of  the  country. 
  The  name  descender  is  significant  of  the  fact  that  there  is 
  along  its  whole  course  a  descent  to  its  banks;  or  it  may  simply 
  denote  the  rapidity  with  which  it  descends"  to  the  Dead  Sea. 
 
  It  originates  in  the  snows  of  Hermon,  which  feed  its  perennial 
  fountains.  Two  sources  are  generally  spoken  of  (1.)  From  the 
  western  base  of  a  hill  on  which  once  stood  the  city  of  Dan,  the 
  northern  border-city  of  Palestine,  there  gushes  forth  a 
  considerable  fountain  called  the  Leddan,  which  is  the  largest 
  fountain  in  Syria  and  the  principal  source  of  the  Jordan.  (2.) 
  Beside  the  ruins  of  Banias,  the  ancient  Caesarea  Philippi  and 
  the  yet  more  ancient  Panium,  is  a  lofty  cliff  of  limestone,  at 
  the  base  of  which  is  a  fountain.  This  is  the  other  source  of  the 
  Jordan,  and  has  always  been  regarded  by  the  Jews  as  its  true 
  source.  It  rushes  down  to  the  plain  in  a  foaming  torrent,  and 
  joins  the  Leddan  about  5  miles  south  of  Dan  (Tell-el-Kady).  (3.) 
  But  besides  these  two  historical  fountains  there  is  a  third 
  called  the  Hasbany  which  rises  in  the  bottom  of  a  valley  at  the 
  western  base  of  Hermon,  12  miles  north  of  Tell-el-Kady.  It  joins 
  the  main  stream  about  a  mile  below  the  junction  of  the  Leddan 
  and  the  Banias.  The  river  thus  formed  is  at  this  point  about  45 
  feet  wide,  and  flows  in  a  channel  from  12  to  20  feet  below  the 
  plain.  After  this  it  flows,  "with  a  swift  current  and  a 
  much-twisted  course,"  through  a  marshy  plain  for  some  6  miles, 
  when  it  falls  into  the  Lake  Huleh,  "the  waters  of  Merom"  (q.v.). 
 
  During  this  part  of  its  course  the  Jordan  has  descended  about 
  1,100  feet.  At  Banias  it  is  1,080  feet  above  sea-level.  Flowing 
  from  the  southern  extremity  of  Lake  Huleh,  here  almost  on  a 
  level  with  the  sea,  it  flows  for  2  miles  "through  a  waste  of 
  islets  and  papyrus,"  and  then  for  9  miles  through  a  narrow  gorge 
  in  a  foaming  torrent  onward  to  the  Sea  of  Galilee  (q.v.). 
 
  "In  the  whole  valley  of  the  Jordan  from  the  Lake  Huleh  to  the 
  Sea  of  Galilee  there  is  not  a  single  settled  inhabitant.  Along 
  the  whole  eastern  bank  of  the  river  and  the  lakes,  from  the  base 
  of  Hermon  to  the  ravine  of  Hieromax  a  region  of  great 
  fertility,  30  miles  long  by  7  or  8  wide,  there  are  only  some 
  three  inhabited  villages.  The  western  bank  is  almost  as 
  desolate.  Ruins  are  numerous  enough.  Every  mile  or  two  is  an  old 
  site  of  town  or  village,  now  well  nigh  hid  beneath  a  dense 
  jungle  of  thorns  and  thistles.  The  words  of  Scripture  here  recur 
  to  us  with  peculiar  force:  'I  will  make  your  cities  waste,  and 
  bring  your  sanctuaries  unto  desolation...And  I  will  bring  the 
  land  into  desolation:  and  your  enemies  which  dwell  therein  shall 
  be  astonished  at  it...And  your  land  shall  be  desolate,  and  your 
  cities  waste.  Then  shall  the  land  enjoy  her  sabbaths,  as  long  as 
  it  lieth  desolate'  (Lev.  26:31-34).",  Dr  Porter's  Handbook. 
 
  From  the  Sea  of  Galilee,  at  the  level  of  682  feet  below  the 
  Mediterranean,  the  river  flows  through  a  long,  low  plain  called 
  "the  region  of  Jordan"  (Matt.  3:5),  and  by  the  modern  Arabs  the 
  Ghor,  or  "sunken  plain."  This  section  is  properly  the  Jordan  of 
  Scripture.  Down  through  the  midst  of  the  "plain  of  Jordan"  there 
  winds  a  ravine  varying  in  breadth  from  200  yards  to  half  a  mile, 
  and  in  depth  from  40  to  150  feet.  Through  it  the  Jordan  flows  in 
  a  rapid,  rugged,  tortuous  course  down  to  the  Dead  Sea.  The  whole 
  distance  from  the  southern  extremity  of  the  Sea  of  Galilee  to 
  the  Dead  Sea  is  in  a  straight  line  about  65  miles,  but  following 
  the  windings  of  the  river  about  200  miles,  during  which  it  falls 
  618  feet.  The  total  length  of  the  Jordan  from  Banias  is  about 
  104  miles  in  a  straight  line  during  which  it  falls  2,380  feet. 
 
  There  are  two  considerable  affluents  which  enter  the  river 
  between  the  Sea  of  Galilee  and  the  Dead  Sea,  both  from  the  east. 
  (1.)  The  Wady  Mandhur  called  the  Yarmuk  by  the  Rabbins  and  the 
  Hieromax  by  the  Greeks.  It  formed  the  boundary  between  Bashan 
  and  Gilead.  It  drains  the  plateau  of  the  Hauran.  (2.)  The  Jabbok 
  or  Wady  Zerka,  formerly  the  northern  boundary  of  Ammon.  It 
  enters  the  Jordan  about  20  miles  north  of  Jericho. 
 
  The  first  historical  notice  of  the  Jordan  is  in  the  account  of 
  the  separation  of  Abraham  and  Lot  (Gen.  13:10).  "Lot  beheld  the 
  plain  of  Jordan  as  the  garden  of  the  Lord."  Jacob  crossed  and 
  recrossed  "this  Jordan"  (32:10).  The  Israelites  passed  over  it 
  as  "on  dry  ground"  (Josh.  3:17;  Ps  114:3).  Twice  afterwards  its 
  waters  were  miraculously  divided  at  the  same  spot  by  Elijah  and 
  Elisha  (2  Kings  2:8,  14). 
 
  The  Jordan  is  mentioned  in  the  Old  Testament  about  one  hundred 
  and  eighty  times,  and  in  the  New  Testament  fifteen  times.  The 
  chief  events  in  gospel  history  connected  with  it  are  (1)  John 
  the  Baptist's  ministry,  when  "there  went  out  to  him  Jerusalem, 
  and  all  Judaea,  and  were  baptized  of  him  in  Jordan"  (Matt.  3:6). 
  (2.)  Jesus  also  "was  baptized  of  John  in  Jordan"  (Mark  1:9). 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Jordan,  the  river  of  judgment 
 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Jordan 
 
  (also  see  separate  West  Bank  entry) 
 
  Jordan:Geography 
 
  Location:  Middle  East,  northwest  of  Saudi  Arabia 
 
  Map  references:  Middle  East 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  89,213  sq  km 
  land  area:  88,884  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  smaller  than  Indiana 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  1,619  km  Iraq  181  km  Israel  238  km  Saudi 
  Arabia  728  km  Syria  375  km  West  Bank  97  km 
 
  Coastline:  26  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  territorial  sea:  3  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  none 
 
  Climate:  mostly  arid  desert;  rainy  season  in  west  (November  to  April) 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  desert  plateau  in  east,  highland  area  in  west;  Great 
  Rift  Valley  separates  East  and  West  Banks  of  the  Jordan  River 
 
  Natural  resources:  phosphates,  potash,  shale  oil 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  4% 
  permanent  crops:  0.5% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  1% 
  forest  and  woodland:  0.5% 
  other:  94% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  570  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  limited  natural  fresh  water  resources;  deforestation; 
  overgrazing  soil  erosion;  desertification 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Marine  Dumping,  Nuclear  Test 
  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Wetlands 
 
  Jordan:People 
 
  Population:  4,100,709  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  44%  (female  884,462;  male  930,266) 
  15-64  years:  53%  (female  1,058,060;  male  1,119,347) 
  65  years  and  over:  3%  (female  53,709;  male  54,865)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.69%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  37.32  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  4.02  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -6.4  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  32.3  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  72.27  years 
  male:  70.43  years 
  female:  74.21  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  5.25  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Jordanian(s) 
  adjective:  Jordanian 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Arab  98%,  Circassian  1%,  Armenian  1% 
 
  Religions:  Sunni  Muslim  92%,  Christian  8% 
 
  Languages:  Arabic  (official),  English  widely  understood  among  upper 
  and  middle  classes 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1991) 
  total  population:  83% 
  male:  91% 
  female:  75% 
 
  Labor  force:  600,000  (1992) 
  by  occupation:  industry  11.4%,  commerce,  restaurants,  and  hotels 
  10.5%,  construction  10.0%,  transport  and  communications  8.7%, 
  agriculture  7.4%,  other  services  52.0%  (1992) 
 
  Jordan:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Hashemite  Kingdom  of  Jordan 
  conventional  short  form:  Jordan 
  local  long  form:  Al  Mamlakah  al  Urduniyah  al  Hashimiyah 
  local  short  form:  Al  Urdun 
  former:  Transjordan 
 
  Digraph:  JO 
 
  Type:  constitutional  monarchy 
 
  Capital:  Amman 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  8  governorates  (muhafazat,  singular  - 
  muhafazah);  Al  Balqa',  Al  Karak,  Al  Mafraq  'Amman,  At  Tafilah,  Az 
  Zarqa',  Irbid,  Ma'an 
 
  Independence:  25  May  1946  (from  League  of  Nations  mandate  under 
  British  administration) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  25  May  (1946) 
 
  Constitution:  8  January  1952 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  Islamic  law  and  French  codes;  judicial  review 
  of  legislative  acts  in  a  specially  provided  High  Tribunal;  has  not 
  accepted  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  20  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  King  HUSSEIN  Bin  Talal  Al  Hashimi  (since  11  August 
  1952) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Zayd  BIN  SHAKIR  (since  8  January 
  1995) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet  appointed  by  the  monarch 
 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  National  Assembly  (Majlis  al-'Umma) 
  House  of  Notables  (Majlis  al-A'ayan):  consists  of  a  40-member  body 
  appointed  by  the  king  from  designated  categories  of  public  figures 
  House  of  Representatives:  elections  last  held  8  November  1993  (next  to 
  be  held  NA  November  1997);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA 
  seats  -  (80  total)  Muslim  Brotherhood  (fundamentalist)  16,  Independent 
  Islamic  bloc  (generally  traditionalist)  6,  Radical  leftist  3, 
  pro-government  55 
  note:  the  House  of  Representatives  has  been  convened  and  dissolved  by 
  the  King  several  times  since  1974  and  in  November  1989  the  first 
  parliamentary  elections  in  22  years  were  held 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Court  of  Cassation 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Al-'Ahd  (Pledge)  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Abd 
  al-Hadi  al-MAJALI;  Al-Ahrar  (Liberals)  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  Ahmad 
  al-ZU'BI;  Al-Hurriyah  (Freedom)  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  Fawwaz  al-ZUBI; 
  Al-Watan  (Homeland)  Party,  leader  'Akif  al-FAYIZ;  Al-Yaqazah 
  (Awakening)  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Abd  al-Ra'uf  al-RAWABIDAH; 
  Constitutional  Jordanian  Arab  Front  Party,  leader  Milhim  al-TALL; 
  Democratic  Arab  Islamic  Movement  Party-Du'a',  Sec.  Gen.  Yusuf  Abu 
  BAKR;  Democratic  Arab  Unionist  Party-Wad,  Sec.  Gen.  Anis  al-MU'ASHIR; 
  Islamic  Action  Front  (IAF),  Sec.  Gen.  Ishaq  al-FARHAN;  Jordanian  Arab 
  Democratic  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  Mu'nis  al-RAZZAZ;  Jordanian  Arab  Masses 
  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Abd  al-Khaliq  SHATAT  Jordanian  Arab  Socialist  Ba'th 
  Party,  Command  First  Secretary  Taysir  al-HIMSI;  Jordanian  Communist 
  Party  (JCP),  Sec.  Gen.  Ya'qub  ZAYADIN  Jordanian  Democratic  Popular 
  Unity  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Azmi  al-KHAWAJA;  Jordanian  Democratic 
  Progressive  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Ali  'AMIR;  Jordanian  National  Alliance 
  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  Mijhim  al-KHURAYSHAH;  Jordanian  People's  Democratic 
  Party-Hashd,  Sec.  Gen.  Taysir  al-ZIBRI;  Jordanian  Socialist  Democratic 
  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Isa  MADANAT  Pan-Arab  Action  Front  Party,  Sec.  Gen. 
  Muhammad  al-ZU'BI;  Popular  Unity  Party-the  Unionists,  Sec.  Gen.  Talal 
  al-RAMAHI;  Progress  and  Justice  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  'Ali  al-SA'D; 
  Progressive  Arab  Ba'th  Party,  Command  Secretary  Mahmud  al-MA'AYITAH; 
  Al-Mustaqbal  (Future)  Party,  Sec.  Gen.  Sulayman  'ARAR 
 
  Member  of:  ABEDA,  ACC,  AFESD  AL  AMF,  CAEU,  CCC,  ESCWA  FAO,  G-77, 
  IAEA,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICC,  ICRM,  IDA,  IDB,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF, 
  IMO,  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  IOM  (observer),  ISO  (correspondent), 
  ITU,  NAM,  OIC,  PCA,  UN  UNAVEM  II  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNIDO  UNOMIL 
  UNOMOZ  UNPROFOR  UNRWA  UPU,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Fayiz  A.  TARAWNEH 
  chancery:  3504  International  Drive  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  966-2664 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  966-3110 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Wesley  E.  EGAN,  Jr 
  embassy:  Jabel  Amman,  Amman 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  354,  Amman  11118  Jordan;  APO  AE  09892-0200 
  telephone:  [962]  (6)  820101 
  FAX:  [962]  (6)  820159 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  horizontal  bands  of  black  (top),  white,  and  green 
  with  a  red  isosceles  triangle  based  on  the  hoist  side  bearing  a  small 
  white  seven-pointed  star;  the  seven  points  on  the  star  represent  the 
  seven  fundamental  laws  of  the  Koran 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Jordan  benefited  from  increased  Arab  aid  during  the  oil  boom 
  of  the  late  1970s  and  early  1980s,  when  its  annual  real  GNP  growth 
  averaged  more  than  10%.  In  the  remainder  of  the  1980s,  however, 
  reductions  in  both  Arab  aid  and  worker  remittances  slowed  real 
  economic  growth  to  an  average  of  roughly  2%  per  year.  Imports  -  mainly 
  oil,  capital  goods,  consumer  durables,  and  food  -  outstripped  exports, 
  with  the  difference  covered  by  aid,  remittances,  and  borrowing.  In 
  mid-1989,  the  Jordanian  Government  began  debt-rescheduling 
  negotiations  and  agreed  to  implement  an  IMF-supported  program  designed 
  to  gradually  reduce  the  budget  deficit  and  implement  badly  needed 
  structural  reforms.  The  Persian  Gulf  crisis  that  began  in  August  1990, 
  however,  aggravated  Jordan's  already  serious  economic  problems, 
  forcing  the  government  to  shelve  the  IMF  program,  stop  most  debt 
  payments,  and  suspend  rescheduling  negotiations.  Aid  from  Gulf  Arab 
  states,  worker  remittances,  and  trade  contracted;  and  refugees  flooded 
  the  country,  producing  serious  balance-of-payments  problems,  stunting 
  GDP  growth,  and  straining  government  resources.  The  economy  rebounded 
  in  1992,  largely  due  to  the  influx  of  capital  repatriated  by  workers 
  returning  from  the  Gulf,  but  the  recovery  was  uneven  throughout  1994. 
  The  government  is  implementing  the  reform  program  adopted  in  1992  and 
  continues  to  secure  rescheduling  and  write-offs  of  its  heavy  foreign 
  debt.  Debt,  poverty,  and  unemployment  remain  Jordan's  biggest  on-going 
  problems. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $17  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  5.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $4,280  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  6%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  16%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $2  billion 
  expenditures:  $2.4  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $630 
  million  (1995  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $1.4  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  phosphates,  fertilizers,  potash,  agricultural  products, 
  manufactures 
  partners:  India,  Iraq,  Saudi  Arabia,  EU  Indonesia,  UAE 
 
  Imports:  $3.5  billion  (c.i.f.,  1994) 
  commodities:  crude  oil,  machinery,  transport  equipment,  food,  live 
  animals,  manufactured  goods 
  partners:  EU  US  Iraq,  Japan,  Turkey 
 
  External  debt:  $6  billion  (March  1995  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  3%  (1993  est.);  accounts  for  20%  of 
  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  1,050,000  kW 
  production:  4.2  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  1,072  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  phosphate  mining,  petroleum  refining,  cement,  potash, 
  light  manufacturing 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  about  8%  of  GDP;  wheat,  barley,  citrus 
  fruit,  tomatoes,  melons,  olives;  sheep,  goats,  poultry;  large  net 
  importer  of  food 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $1.7  billion; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $1.5  billion;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $9.5  billion; 
  Communist  countries  (1970-89),  $44  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Jordanian  dinar  JD  =  1,000  fils 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Jordanian  dinars  JD  per  US$1  -  0.6994  (January 
  1995),  0.5987  (1994),  0.6928  (1993),  0.6797  (1992),  0.6808  (1991), 
  0.6636  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Jordan:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  789  km 
  narrow  gauge:  789  km  1.050-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  7,500  km 
  paved:  asphalt  5,500  km 
  unpaved:  gravel,  crushed  stone  2,000  km 
 
  Pipelines:  crude  oil  209  km 
 
  Ports:  Al'Aqabah 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  2  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  61,678  GRT/113,080  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  1,  oil  tanker  1 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  17 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  9 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  4 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
 
  Jordan:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  81,500  telephones;  adequate  telephone  system 
  local:  NA  microwave,  cable,  and  radio  links 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  2  INTELSAT  (1  Atlantic  Ocean  and  1  Indian  Ocean)  and  1 
  ARABSAT  earth  station;  coaxial  cable  and  microwave  to  Iraq,  Saudi 
  Arabia,  and  Syria;  microwave  link  to  Lebanon  is  inactive;  participant 
  in  MEDARABTEL  a  microwave  radio  relay  network  linking  Syria,  Jordan, 
  Egypt,  Libya,  Tunisia,  Algeria,  and  Morocco 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  5,  FM  7,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  8  and  1  TV  receive-only  satellite  link 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Jordan:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Jordanian  Armed  Forces  (JAF;  includes  Royal  Jordanian  Land 
  Force,  Royal  Naval  Force,  and  Royal  Jordanian  Air  Force);  Ministry  of 
  the  Interior's  Public  Security  Force  (falls  under  JAF  only  in  wartime 
  or  crisis  situations) 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  981,004;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  699,891;  males  reach  military  age  (18)  annually  45,494  (1995 
  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $564.2  million,  9.1% 
  of  GDP  (1995  est.) 
 
 
 




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