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base

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base


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bass  \Bass\,  n.  [F.  basse,  fr  bas  low  See  {Base},  a.] 
  1.  A  bass,  or  deep,  sound  or  tone. 
 
  2.  (Mus.) 
  a  The  lowest  part  in  a  musical  composition. 
  b  One  who  sings,  or  the  instrument  which  plays,  bass. 
  [Written  also  {base}.] 
 
  {Thorough  bass}.  See  {Thorough  bass}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Base  \Base\  (b[=a]s),  a.  [OE.  bass,  F.  bas,  low  fr  LL  bassus 
  thick,  fat,  short,  humble;  cf  L.  Bassus,  a  proper  name  and 
  W.  bas  shallow.  Cf  {Bass}  a  part  in  music.] 
  1.  Of  little,  or  less  than  the  usual,  height;  of  low  growth; 
  as  base  shrubs.  [Archaic]  --Shak. 
 
  2.  Low  in  place  or  position.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Of  humble  birth;  or  low  degree;  lowly;  mean  [Archaic]  ``A 
  pleasant  and  base  swain.''  --Bacon. 
 
  4.  Illegitimate  by  birth;  bastard.  [Archaic] 
 
  Why  bastard?  wherefore  base?  --Shak. 
 
  5.  Of  little  comparative  value,  as  metal  inferior  to  gold  and 
  silver,  the  precious  metals. 
 
  6.  Alloyed  with  inferior  metal;  debased;  as  base  coin;  base 
  bullion. 
 
  7.  Morally  low  Hence:  Low-minded;  unworthy;  without  dignity 
  of  sentiment;  ignoble;  mean  illiberal;  menial;  as  a  base 
  fellow;  base  motives;  base  occupations.  ``A  cruel  act  of  a 
  base  and  a  cowardish  mind.''  --Robynson  (More's  Utopia). 
  ``Base  ingratitude.''  --Milton. 
 
  8.  Not  classical  or  correct.  ``Base  Latin.''  --Fuller. 
 
  9.  Deep  or  grave  in  sound;  as  the  base  tone  of  a  violin.  [In 
  this  sense  commonly  written  {bass.}] 
 
  10.  (Law)  Not  held  by  honorable  service;  as  a  base  estate, 
  one  held  by  services  not  honorable;  held  by  villenage. 
  Such  a  tenure  is  called  base,  or  low  and  the  tenant,  a 
  base  tenant. 
 
  {Base  fee},  formerly,  an  estate  held  at  the  will  of  the  lord; 
  now  a  qualified  fee.  See  note  under  {Fee},  n.,  4. 
 
  {Base  metal}.  See  under  {Metal}. 
 
  Syn:  Dishonorable;  worthless;  ignoble;  low-minded;  infamous; 
  sordid;  degraded. 
 
  Usage:  {Base},  {Vile},  {Mean}.  These  words  as  expressing 
  moral  qualities,  are  here  arranged  in  the  order  of 
  their  strength,  the  strongest  being  placed  first  Base 
  marks  a  high  degree  of  moral  turpitude;  vile  and  mean 
  denote,  in  different  degrees,  the  want  of  what  is 
  valuable  or  worthy  of  esteem.  What  is  base  excites  our 
  abhorrence;  what  is  vile  provokes  our  disgust  or 
  indignation;  what  is  mean  awakens  contempt.  Base  is 
  opposed  to  high-minded;  vile,  to  noble;  mean  to 
  liberal  or  generous.  Ingratitude  is  base;  sycophancy 
  is  vile;  undue  compliances  are  mean 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Base  \Base\,  n.  [F.  base,  L.  basis,  fr  Gr  ?  a  stepping  step,  a 
  base,  pedestal,  fr  ?  to  go  step,  akin  to  E.  come  Cf 
  {Basis},  and  see  {Come}.] 
  1.  The  bottom  of  anything  considered  as  its  support,  or  that 
  on  which  something  rests  for  support;  the  foundation;  as 
  the  base  of  a  statue.  ``The  base  of  mighty  mountains.'' 
  --Prescott. 
 
  2.  Fig.:  The  fundamental  or  essential  part  of  a  thing  the 
  essential  principle;  a  groundwork. 
 
  3.  (Arch.) 
  a  The  lower  part  of  a  wall,  pier,  or  column,  when 
  treated  as  a  separate  feature,  usually  in  projection, 
  or  especially  ornamented. 
  b  The  lower  part  of  a  complete  architectural  design,  as 
  of  a  monument;  also  the  lower  part  of  any  elaborate 
  piece  of  furniture  or  decoration. 
 
  4.  (Bot.)  That  extremity  of  a  leaf,  fruit,  etc.,  at  which  it 
  is  attached  to  its  support. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Base  \Base\,  v.  t.  [See  {Base},  a.,  and  cf  {Abase}.] 
  1.  To  abase;  to  let  or  cast,  down  to  lower.  [Obs.] 
 
  If  any  .  .  .  based  his  pike.  --Sir  T. 
  North. 
 
  2.  To  reduce  the  value  of  to  debase.  [Obs.] 
 
  Metals  which  we  can  not  base.  --Bacon. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Base  \Base\  (b[=a]s),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Based}  (b[=a]sd);  p. 
  pr  &  vb  n.  {Basing}.]  [From  {Base},  n.] 
  To  put  on  a  base  or  basis;  to  lay  the  foundation  of  to 
  found  as  an  argument  or  conclusion;  --  used  with  on  or  upon 
  --Bacon. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Ground  \Ground\  (ground),  n.  [OE.  ground,  grund,  AS  grund;  akin 
  to  D.  grond,  OS.,  G.,  Sw.,  &  Dan.  grund,  Icel.  grunnr  bottom, 
  Goth.  grundus  (in  composition);  perh.  orig.  meaning,  dust, 
  gravel,  and  if  so  perh.  akin  to  E.  grind.] 
  1.  The  surface  of  the  earth;  the  outer  crust  of  the  globe,  or 
  some  indefinite  portion  of  it 
 
  There  was  not  a  man  to  till  the  ground.  --Gen.  ii 
  5. 
 
  The  fire  ran  along  upon  the  ground.  --Ex.  ix  23. 
  Hence:  A  floor  or  pavement  supposed  to  rest  upon  the 
  earth. 
 
  2.  Any  definite  portion  of  the  earth's  surface;  region; 
  territory;  country.  Hence:  A  territory  appropriated  to  or 
  resorted  to  for  a  particular  purpose;  the  field  or  place 
  of  action  as  a  hunting  or  fishing  ground;  a  play  ground. 
 
  From  .  .  .  old  Euphrates,  to  the  brook  that  parts 
  Egypt  from  Syrian  ground.  --Milton. 
 
  3.  Land;  estate;  possession;  field;  esp.  (pl.),  the  gardens, 
  lawns,  fields,  etc.,  belonging  to  a  homestead;  as  the 
  grounds  of  the  estate  are  well  kept. 
 
  Thy  next  design  is  on  thy  neighbor's  grounds. 
  --Dryden.  4. 
 
  4.  The  basis  on  which  anything  rests;  foundation.  Hence:  The 
  foundation  of  knowledge,  belief,  or  conviction;  a  premise, 
  reason,  or  datum;  ultimate  or  first  principle;  cause  of 
  existence  or  occurrence;  originating  force  or  agency;  as 
  the  ground  of  my  hope. 
 
  5.  (Paint.  &  Decorative  Art) 
  a  That  surface  upon  which  the  figures  of  a  composition 
  are  set  and  which  relieves  them  by  its  plainness, 
  being  either  of  one  tint  or  of  tints  but  slightly 
  contrasted  with  one  another;  as  crimson  Bowers  on  a 
  white  ground.  See  {Background},  {Foreground},  and 
  {Middle-ground}. 
  b  In  sculpture,  a  flat  surface  upon  which  figures  are 
  raised  in  relief. 
  c  In  point  lace,  the  net  of  small  meshes  upon  which  the 
  embroidered  pattern  is  applied;  as  Brussels  ground. 
  See  {Brussels  lace},  under  {Brussels}. 
 
  6.  (Etching)  A  gummy  composition  spread  over  the  surface  of  a 
  metal  to  be  etched,  to  prevent  the  acid  from  eating  except 
  where  an  opening  is  made  by  the  needle. 
 
  7.  (Arch.)  One  of  the  pieces  of  wood,  flush  with  the 
  plastering,  to  which  moldings,  etc.,  are  attached;  -- 
  usually  in  the  plural. 
 
  Note:  Grounds  are  usually  put  up  first  and  the  plastering 
  floated  flush  with  them 
 
  8.  (Mus.) 
  a  A  composition  in  which  the  bass,  consisting  of  a  few 
  bars  of  independent  notes,  is  continually  repeated  to 
  a  varying  melody. 
  b  The  tune  on  which  descants  are  raised;  the  plain  song. 
  --Moore  (Encyc.). 
 
  On  that  ground  I'll  build  a  holy  descant. 
  --Shak. 
 
  9.  (Elec.)  A  conducting  connection  with  the  earth,  whereby 
  the  earth  is  made  part  of  an  electrical  circuit. 
 
  10.  pl  Sediment  at  the  bottom  of  liquors  or  liquids;  dregs; 
  lees;  feces;  as  coffee  grounds. 
 
  11.  The  pit  of  a  theater.  [Obs.]  --B.  Jonson 
 
  {Ground  angling},  angling  with  a  weighted  line  without  a 
  float. 
 
  {Ground  annual}  (Scots  Law),  an  estate  created  in  land  by  a 
  vassal  who  instead  of  selling  his  land  outright  reserves 
  an  annual  ground  rent,  which  becomes  a  perpetual  charge 
  upon  the  land. 
 
  {Ground  ash}.  (Bot.)  See  {Groutweed}. 
 
  {Ground  bailiff}  (Mining),  a  superintendent  of  mines. 
  --Simmonds. 
 
  {Ground  bait},  bits  of  bread,  boiled  barley  or  worms,  etc., 
  thrown  into  the  water  to  collect  the  fish,  --Wallon. 
 
  {Ground  bass}  or  {base}  (Mus.),  fundamental  base;  a 
  fundamental  base  continually  repeated  to  a  varied  melody. 
 
 
  {Ground  beetle}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  numerous  species  of 
  carnivorous  beetles  of  the  family  {Carabid[ae]},  living 
  mostly  in  burrows  or  under  stones,  etc 
 
  {Ground  chamber},  a  room  on  the  ground  floor. 
 
  {Ground  cherry}.  (Bot.) 
  a  A  genus  ({Physalis})  of  herbaceous  plants  having  an 
  inflated  calyx  for  a  seed  pod:  esp.,  the  strawberry 
  tomato  ({P.  Alkekengi}).  See  {Alkekengl}. 
  b  A  European  shrub  ({Prunus  Cham[ae]cerasus}),  with 
  small  very  acid  fruit. 
 
  {Ground  cuckoo}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  {Chaparral  cock}. 
 
  {Ground  cypress}.  (Bot.)  See  {Lavender  cotton}. 
 
  {Ground  dove}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  several  small  American 
  pigeons  of  the  genus  {Columbigallina},  esp.  {C.  passerina} 
  of  the  Southern  United  States,  Mexico,  etc  They  live 
  chiefly  on  the  ground. 
 
  {Ground  fish}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  fish  which  constantly  lives  on 
  the  botton  of  the  sea,  as  the  sole,  turbot,  halibut. 
 
  {Ground  floor},  the  floor  of  a  house  most  nearly  on  a  level 
  with  the  ground;  --  called  also  in  America,  but  not  in 
  England,  the  {first  floor}. 
 
  {Ground  form}  (Gram.),  the  stem  or  basis  of  a  word  to  which 
  the  other  parts  are  added  in  declension  or  conjugation.  It 
  is  sometimes  but  not  always  the  same  as  the  root. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  base 
  adj  1:  serving  as  or  forming  a  base;  "the  painter  applied  a  base 
  coat  followed  by  two  finishing  coats"  [syn:  {basal}] 
  2:  of  low  birth  or  station  (`base'  is  archaic  in  this  sense); 
  "baseborn  wretches  with  dirty  faces";  "of  humble  (or 
  lowly)  birth"  [syn:  {baseborn},  {humble},  {lowly}] 
  3:  (used  of  metals)  consisting  of  or  alloyed  with  inferior 
  metal;  "base  coins  of  aluminum";  "a  base  metal" 
  4:  not  adhering  to  ethical  or  moral  principles;  "base  and 
  unpatriotic  motives";  "a  base,  degrading  way  of  life"; 
  "cheating  is  dishonorable";  "they  considered  colonialism 
  immoral";  "unethical  practices  in  handling  public  funds" 
  [syn:  {dishonorable},  {dishonourable},  {immoral},  {unethical}] 
  5:  having  or  showing  a  meanspirited  lack  of  honor  or  morality; 
  "that  liberal  obedience  without  which  your  army  would  be  a 
  base  rabble"-  Edmund  Burke;  "taking  a  mean  advantage"; 
  "chok'd  with  ambition  of  the  meaner  sort"-  Shakespeare; 
  "something  essentially  vulgar  and  meanspirited  in 
  politics"  [syn:  {mean},  {meanspirited}] 
  6:  (archaic)  illegitimate  [syn:  {baseborn}] 
  7:  debased;  not  genuine;  "an  attempt  to  eliminate  the  base 
  coinage" 
  n  1:  installation  from  which  a  military  force  initiates 
  operations;  "the  attack  wiped  out  our  forward  bases" 
  [syn:  {base  of  operations}] 
  2:  lowest  supporting  part  of  a  structure;  "it  was  built  on  a 
  base  of  solid  rock";  "he  stood  at  the  foot  of  the  tower" 
  [syn:  {foundation},  {fundament},  {foot},  {groundwork},  {substructure}, 
  {understructure}] 
  3:  place  that  runner  must  touch  before  scoring;  "he  scrambled 
  to  get  back  to  the  bag"  [syn:  {bag}] 
  4:  the  bottom  or  lowest  part  "the  base  of  the  mountain" 
  5:  (anatomy)  the  part  of  an  organ  nearest  its  point  of 
  attachment:  "the  base  of  the  skull" 
  6:  a  lower  limit:  "the  government  established  a  wage  floor" 
  [syn:  {floor}] 
  7:  the  fundamental  assumptions  underlying  an  explanation;  "the 
  whole  argument  rested  on  a  basis  of  conjecture"  [syn:  {basis}, 
  {foundation},  {fundament},  {groundwork},  {cornerstone}] 
  8:  a  support  or  foundation;  "the  base  of  the  lamp"  [syn:  {pedestal}, 
  {stand}] 
  9:  any  of  various  water-soluble  compounds  capable  of  turning 
  litmus  blue  and  reacting  with  an  acid  to  form  a  salt  and 
  water;  "bases  include  oxides  and  hydroxides  of  metals  and 
  ammonia"  [syn:  {alkali}] 
  10:  the  bottom  side  of  a  geometric  figure  from  which  the 
  altitude  can  be  constructed;  "the  base  of  the  triangle" 
  11:  (in  a  digital  numeration  system)  the  positive  integer  that 
  is  equivalent  to  one  in  the  next  higher  counting  place 
  "10  is  the  radix  of  the  decimal  system"  [syn:  {radix}] 
  12:  the  place  where  you  are  stationed  and  from  which  missions 
  start  and  end  [syn:  {home}] 
  13:  (linguistics)  the  form  of  a  word  after  all  affixes  are 
  removed;  "thematic  vowels  are  part  of  the  stem"  [syn:  {root}, 
  {root  word},  {stem},  {theme},  {radical}] 
  14:  the  basic  facilities  and  equipment  needed  for  the 
  functioning  of  a  country  or  area;  "the  industrial  base  of 
  Japan"  [syn:  {infrastructure}] 
  15:  the  principal  ingredient  of  a  mixture;  "glycerinated  gelatin 
  is  used  as  a  base  for  many  ointments";  "he  told  the 
  painter  that  he  wanted  a  yellow  base  with  just  a  hint  of 
  green";  "everything  she  cooked  seemed  to  have  rice  as  the 
  base" 
  16:  a  flat  bottom  on  which  something  is  intended  to  sit  "a  tub 
  should  sit  on  its  own  base" 
  17:  (electronics)  the  part  of  a  transistor  that  separates  the 
  emitter  from  the  collector 
  v  1:  use  as  a  basis  for  found  on  "base  a  claim  on  some 
  observation"  [syn:  {establish},  {ground},  {found}] 
  2:  use  (purified  cocaine)  by  burning  it  and  inhaling  the  fumes 
  [syn:  {free-base}] 
  3:  assign  to  a  station  [syn:  {station},  {post},  {send},  {place}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  base 
 
    {radix}. 
 
 




more about base