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fat

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fat


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fat  \Fat\,  n. 
  1.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  An  oily  liquid  or  greasy  substance  making 
  up  the  main  bulk  of  the  adipose  tissue  of  animals,  and 
  widely  distributed  in  the  seeds  of  plants.  See  {Adipose 
  tissue},  under  {Adipose}. 
 
  Note:  Animal  fats  are  composed  mainly  of  three  distinct  fats, 
  tristearin,  tripalmitin,  and  triolein,  mixed  in  varying 
  proportions.  As  olein  is  liquid  at  ordinary 
  temperatures,  while  the  other  two  fats  are  solid,  it 
  follows  that  the  consistency  or  hardness  of  fats 
  depends  upon  the  relative  proportion  of  the  three 
  individual  fats.  During  the  life  of  an  animal,  the  fat 
  is  mainly  in  a  liquid  state  in  the  fat  cells,  owing  to 
  the  solubility  of  the  two  solid  fats  in  the  more  liquid 
  olein  at  the  body  temperature.  Chemically,  fats  are 
  composed  of  fatty  acid,  as  stearic,  palmitic,  oleic, 
  etc.,  united  with  glyceryl.  In  butter  fat,  olein  and 
  palmitin  predominate,  mixed  with  another  fat 
  characteristic  of  butter,  butyrin.  In  the  vegetable 
  kingdom  many  other  fats  or  glycerides  are  to  be  found 
  as  myristin  from  nutmegs,  a  glyceride  of  lauric  acid  in 
  the  fat  of  the  bay  tree,  etc 
 
  2.  The  best  or  richest  productions;  the  best  part  as  to 
  live  on  the  fat  of  the  land. 
 
  3.  (Typog.)  Work  containing  much  blank,  or  its  equivalent, 
  and  therefore,  profitable  to  the  compositor. 
 
  {Fat  acid}.  (Chem.)  See  {Sebacic  acid},  under  {Sebacic}. 
 
  {Fat  series},  {Fatty  series}  (Chem.),  the  series  of  the 
  paraffine  hydrocarbons  and  their  derivatives;  the  marsh 
  gas  or  methane  series. 
 
  {Natural  fats}  (Chem.),  the  group  of  oily  substances  of 
  natural  occurrence,  as  butter,  lard,  tallow,  etc.,  as 
  distinguished  from  certain  fatlike  substance  of  artificial 
  production,  as  paraffin.  Most  natural  fats  are  essentially 
  mixtures  of  triglycerides  of  fatty  acids. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fat  \Fat\,  n.  [See  {Vat},  n.] 
  1.  A  large  tub,  cistern,  or  vessel;  a  vat.  [Obs.] 
 
  The  fats  shall  overflow  with  wine  and  oil.  --Joel 
  ii  24. 
 
  2.  A  measure  of  quantity,  differing  for  different 
  commodities.  [Obs.]  --Hebert. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fat  \Fat\,  a.  [Compar.  {Fatter};  superl.  {Fattest}.]  [AS. 
  f[=ae]tt;  akin  to  D.  vet,  G.  fett,  feist,  Icel.  feitr,  Sw 
  fet,  Dan.  fed,  and  perh.  to  Gr  pi^dax  spring,  fountain, 
  pidy`ein  to  gush  forth,  pi`wn  fat,  Skr.  pi  to  swell.] 
  1.  Abounding  with  fat;  as: 
  a  Fleshy;  characterized  by  fatness;  plump;  corpulent; 
  not  lean;  as  a  fat  man;  a  fat  ox 
  b  Oily;  greasy;  unctuous;  rich;  --  said  of  food. 
 
  2.  Exhibiting  the  qualities  of  a  fat  animal;  coarse;  heavy; 
  gross;  dull;  stupid. 
 
  Making  our  western  wits  fat  and  mean  --Emerson. 
 
  Make  the  heart  of  this  people  fat.  --Is.  vi  10. 
 
  3.  Fertile;  productive;  as  a  fat  soil;  a  fat  pasture. 
 
  4.  Rich;  producing  a  large  income;  desirable;  as  a  fat 
  benefice;  a  fat  office;  a  fat  job. 
 
  Now  parson  of  Troston,  a  fat  living  in  Suffolk. 
  --Carlyle. 
 
  5.  Abounding  in  riches;  affluent;  fortunate.  [Obs.] 
 
  Persons  grown  fat  and  wealthy  by  long  impostures. 
  --Swift. 
 
  6.  (Typog.)  Of  a  character  which  enables  the  compositor  to 
  make  large  wages;  --  said  of  matter  containing  blank, 
  cuts,  or  many  leads,  etc.;  as  a  fat  take  a  fat  page. 
 
  {Fat  lute},  a  mixture  of  pipe  clay  and  oil  for  filling 
  joints. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fat  \Fat\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Fatted};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {atting}.]  [OE.  fatten,  AS  f[=ae]ttian.  See  {Fat},  a.,  and 
  cf  {Fatten}.] 
  To  make  fat;  to  fatten;  to  make  plump  and  fleshy  with 
  abundant  food;  as  to  fat  fowls  or  sheep. 
 
  We  fat  all  creatures  else  to  fat  us  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fat  \Fat\,  v.  i. 
  To  grow  fat,  plump,  and  fleshy. 
 
  An  old  ox  fats  as  well  and  is  as  good,  as  a  young  one 
  --Mortimer. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  fat 
  adj  1:  having  much  flesh  (especially  fat);  "he  hadn't  remembered 
  how  fat  she  was"  [ant:  {thin}] 
  2:  having  a  relatively  large  diameter;  "a  fat  rope" 
  3:  containing  or  composed  of  fat;  "fatty  food";  "fat  tissue" 
  [syn:  {fatty}]  [ant:  {nonfat}] 
  4:  (informal)  lucrative;  "a  juicy  contract";  "a  nice  fat  job" 
  [syn:  {juicy}] 
  5:  marked  by  great  fruitfulness;  "fertile  farmland";  "a  fat 
  land";  "a  productive  vineyard";  "rich  soil"  [syn:  {fertile}, 
  {productive},  {rich}] 
  6:  a  chubby  body;  "the  boy  had  a  rounded  face  and  fat  cheeks" 
  [syn:  {rounded}] 
  n  1:  a  soft  greasy  substance  occurring  in  organic  tissue;  "pizza 
  has  too  much  fat" 
  2:  a  kind  of  body  tissue  containing  stored  fat  that  serves  as  a 
  source  of  energy;  adipose  tissue  also  cushions  and 
  insulates  vital  organs;  "fatty  tissue  protected  them  from 
  the  severe  cold"  [syn:  {adipose  tissue},  {fatty  tissue}] 
  3:  excess  bodily  weight;  "she  found  fatness  disgusting  in 
  herself  as  well  as  in  others"  [syn:  {fatness},  {avoirdupois}] 
  [ant:  {leanness}] 
  v  :  make  fat  or  plump;  "We  will  plump  out  that  poor  starving 
  child"  [syn:  {fatten},  {flesh  out},  {fill  out},  {plump}, 
  {plump  out},  {fatten  out},  {fatten  up}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  FAT 
 
  {File  Allocation  Table} 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Fat 
  (Heb.  heleb)  denotes  the  richest  part  of  the  animal,  or  the 
  fattest  of  the  flock,  in  the  account  of  Abel's  sacrifice  (Gen. 
  4:4).  It  sometimes  denotes  the  best  of  any  production  (Gen. 
  45:18;  Num.  18:12;  Ps  81:16;  147:47).  The  fat  of  sacrifices  was 
  to  be  burned  (Lev.  3:9-11;  4:8;  7:3;  8:25;  Num.  18:17.  Comp.  Ex 
  29:13-22;  Lev.  3:3-5). 
 
  It  is  used  figuratively  for  a  dull,  stupid  state  of  mind  (Ps 
  17:10). 
 
  In  Joel  2:24  the  word  is  equivalent  to  "vat,"  a  vessel.  The 
  hebrew  word  here  thus  rendered  is  elsewhere  rendered  "wine-fat" 
  and  "press-fat"  (Hag.  2:16;  Isa.  63:2). 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  FAT 
  File  Allocation  Table  (DOS) 
 
 




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