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heavy

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heavy


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Lie  \Lie\,  v.  i.  [imp.  {Lay}  (l[=a]);  p.  p.  {Lain}  (l[=a]n), 
  ({Lien}  (l[imac]"[e^]n),  Obs.);  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Lying}.] 
  [OE.  lien,  liggen,  AS  licgan;  akin  to  D.  liggen,  OHG.  ligen, 
  licken,  G.  liegen,  Icel.  liggja  Sw  ligga,  Dan.  ligge,  Goth. 
  ligan,  Russ.  lejate,  L.  lectus  bed,  Gr  le`chos  bed, 
  le`xasqai  to  lie.  Cf  {Lair},  {Law},  {Lay},  v.  t.,  {Litter}, 
  {Low},  adj.] 
  1.  To  rest  extended  on  the  ground,  a  bed,  or  any  support;  to 
  be  or  to  put  one's  self  in  an  horizontal  position,  or 
  nearly  so  to  be  prostate;  to  be  stretched  out  --  often 
  with  down  when  predicated  of  living  creatures;  as  the 
  book  lies  on  the  table;  the  snow  lies  on  the  roof;  he  lies 
  in  his  coffin. 
 
  The  watchful  traveler  .  .  .  Lay  down  again  and 
  closed  his  weary  eyes.  --Dryden. 
 
  2.  To  be  situated;  to  occupy  a  certain  place  as  Ireland 
  lies  west  of  England;  the  meadows  lie  along  the  river;  the 
  ship  lay  in  port. 
 
  3.  To  abide;  to  remain  for  a  longer  or  shorter  time;  to  be  in 
  a  certain  state  or  condition;  as  to  lie  waste;  to  lie 
  fallow;  to  lie  open  to  lie  hid;  to  lie  grieving;  to  lie 
  under  one's  displeasure;  to  lie  at  the  mercy  of  the  waves; 
  the  paper  does  not  lie  smooth  on  the  wall. 
 
  4.  To  be  or  exist;  to  belong  or  pertain;  to  have  an  abiding 
  place  to  consist;  --  with  in 
 
  Envy  lies  between  beings  equal  in  nature,  though 
  unequal  in  circumstances.  --Collier. 
 
  He  that  thinks  that  diversion  may  not  lie  in  hard 
  labor,  forgets  the  early  rising  and  hard  riding  of 
  huntsmen.  --Locke. 
 
  5.  To  lodge;  to  sleep. 
 
  Whiles  I  was  now  trifling  at  home,  I  saw  London,  .  . 
  .  where  I  lay  one  night  only.  --Evelyn. 
 
  Mr  Quinion  lay  at  our  house  that  night.  --Dickens. 
 
  6.  To  be  still  or  quiet,  like  one  lying  down  to  rest. 
 
  The  wind  is  loud  and  will  not  lie.  --Shak. 
 
  7.  (Law)  To  be  sustainable;  to  be  capable  of  being 
  maintained.  ``An  appeal  lies  in  this  case.''  --Parsons. 
 
  Note:  Through  ignorance  or  carelessness  speakers  and  writers 
  often  confuse  the  forms  of  the  two  distinct  verbs  lay 
  and  lie.  Lay  is  a  transitive  verb  and  has  for  its 
  preterit  laid;  as  he  told  me  to  lay  it  down  and  I 
  laid  it  down  Lie  is  intransitive,  and  has  for  its 
  preterit  lay;  as  he  told  me  to  lie  down  and  I  lay 
  down  Some  persons  blunder  by  using  laid  for  the 
  preterit  of  lie;  as  he  told  me  to  lie  down  and  I  laid 
  down  So  persons  often  say  incorrectly,  the  ship  laid 
  at  anchor;  they  laid  by  during  the  storm;  the  book  was 
  laying  on  the  shelf,  etc  It  is  only  necessary  to 
  remember,  in  all  such  cases,  that  laid  is  the  preterit 
  of  lay,  and  not  of  lie. 
 
  {To  lie  along  the  shore}  (Naut.),  to  coast,  keeping  land  in 
  sight. 
 
  {To  lie  at  the  door  of},  to  be  imputable  to  as  the  sin, 
  blame,  etc.,  lies  at  your  door. 
 
  {To  lie  at  the  heart},  to  be  an  object  of  affection,  desire, 
  or  anxiety.  --Sir  W.  Temple. 
 
  {To  lie  at  the  mercy  of},  to  be  in  the  power  of 
 
  {To  lie  by}. 
  a  To  remain  with  to  be  at  hand;  as  he  has  the 
  manuscript  lying  by  him 
  b  To  rest;  to  intermit  labor;  as  we  lay  by  during  the 
  heat  of  the  day 
 
  {To  lie  hard}  or  {heavy},  to  press  or  weigh;  to  bear  hard. 
 
  {To  lie  in},  to  be  in  childbed;  to  bring  forth  young. 
 
  {To  lie  in  one},  to  be  in  the  power  of  to  belong  to  ``As 
  much  as  lieth  in  you  live  peaceably  with  all  men.'' 
  --Rom.  xii.  18. 
 
  {To  lie  in  the  way},  to  be  an  obstacle  or  impediment. 
 
  {To  lie  in  wait},  to  wait  in  concealment;  to  lie  in  ambush. 
 
 
  {To  lie  on}  or  {upon}. 
  a  To  depend  on  as  his  life  lies  on  the  result. 
  b  To  bear,  rest,  press,  or  weigh  on 
 
  {To  lie  low},  to  remain  in  concealment  or  inactive.  [Slang] 
 
 
  {To  lie  on  hand}, 
 
  {To  lie  on  one's  hands},  to  remain  unsold  or  unused;  as  the 
  goods  are  still  lying  on  his  hands;  they  have  too  much 
  time  lying  on  their  hands. 
 
  {To  lie  on  the  head  of},  to  be  imputed  to 
 
  What  he  gets  more  of  her  than  sharp  words  let  it 
  lie  on  my  head.  --Shak. 
 
  {To  lie  over}. 
  a  To  remain  unpaid  after  the  time  when  payment  is  due, 
  as  a  note  in  bank. 
  b  To  be  deferred  to  some  future  occasion,  as  a 
  resolution  in  a  public  deliberative  body. 
 
  {To  lie  to}  (Naut.),  to  stop  or  delay;  especially,  to  head  as 
  near  the  wind  as  possible  as  being  the  position  of 
  greatest  safety  in  a  gale;  --  said  of  a  ship.  Cf  {To 
  bring  to},  under  {Bring}. 
 
  {To  lie  under},  to  be  subject  to  to  suffer;  to  be  oppressed 
  by 
 
  {To  lie  with}. 
  a  To  lodge  or  sleep  with 
  b  To  have  sexual  intercourse  with 
  c  To  belong  to  as  it  lies  with  you  to  make  amends. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heavy  \Heav"y\,  a. 
  Having  the  heaves. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heavy  \Heav"y\,  a.  [Compar.  {Heavier};  superl.  {Heaviest}.]  [OE. 
  hevi,  AS  hefig  fr  hebban  to  lift,  heave;  akin  to  OHG. 
  hebig  hevig  Icel.  h["o]figr,  h["o]fugr.  See  {Heave}.] 
  1.  Heaved  or  lifted  with  labor;  not  light;  weighty; 
  ponderous;  as  a  heavy  stone;  hence  sometimes  large  in 
  extent,  quantity,  or  effects;  as  a  heavy  fall  of  rain  or 
  snow;  a  heavy  failure;  heavy  business  transactions,  etc.; 
  often  implying  strength;  as  a  heavy  barrier;  also 
  difficult  to  move  as  a  heavy  draught. 
 
  2.  Not  easy  to  bear;  burdensome;  oppressive;  hard  to  endure 
  or  accomplish;  hence  grievous,  afflictive;  as  heavy 
  yokes,  expenses,  undertakings,  trials,  news  etc 
 
  The  hand  of  the  Lord  was  heavy  upon  them  of  Ashdod. 
  --1  Sam.  v.  6. 
 
  The  king  himself  hath  a  heavy  reckoning  to  make 
  --Shak. 
 
  Sent  hither  to  impart  the  heavy  news  --Wordsworth. 
 
  Trust  him  not  in  matter  of  heavy  consequence. 
  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Laden  with  that  which  is  weighty;  encumbered;  burdened; 
  bowed  down  either  with  an  actual  burden,  or  with  care 
  grief,  pain,  disappointment. 
 
  The  heavy  [sorrowing]  nobles  all  in  council  were 
  --Chapman. 
 
  A  light  wife  doth  make  a  heavy  husband.  --Shak. 
 
  4.  Slow;  sluggish;  inactive;  or  lifeless,  dull,  inanimate, 
  stupid;  as  a  heavy  gait,  looks  manners,  style,  and  the 
  like  a  heavy  writer  or  book. 
 
  Whilst  the  heavy  plowman  snores.  --Shak. 
 
  Of  a  heavy,  dull,  degenerate  mind.  --Dryden. 
 
  Neither  [is]  his  ear  heavy,  that  it  can  not  hear. 
  --Is.  lix.  1. 
 
  5.  Strong;  violent;  forcible;  as  a  heavy  sea,  storm, 
  cannonade,  and  the  like 
 
  6.  Loud;  deep;  --  said  of  sound;  as  heavy  thunder. 
 
  But  hark!  that  heavy  sound  breaks  in  once  more 
  --Byron. 
 
  7.  Dark  with  clouds,  or  ready  to  rain;  gloomy;  --  said  of  the 
  sky. 
 
  8.  Impeding  motion;  cloggy;  clayey;  --  said  of  earth;  as  a 
  heavy  road,  soil,  and  the  like 
 
  9.  Not  raised  or  made  light;  as  heavy  bread. 
 
  10.  Not  agreeable  to  or  suitable  for  the  stomach;  not 
  easily  digested;  --  said  of  food. 
 
  11.  Having  much  body  or  strength;  --  said  of  wines,  or  other 
  liquors. 
 
  12.  With  child;  pregnant.  [R.] 
 
  {Heavy  artillery}.  (Mil.) 
  a  Guns  of  great  weight  or  large  caliber,  esp.  siege, 
  garrison,  and  seacoast  guns. 
  b  Troops  which  serve  heavy  guns. 
 
  {Heavy  cavalry}.  See  under  {Cavalry}. 
 
  {Heavy  fire}  (Mil.),  a  continuous  or  destructive  cannonading, 
  or  discharge  of  small  arms. 
 
  {Heavy  metal}  (Mil.),  large  guns  carrying  balls  of  a  large 
  size;  also  large  balls  for  such  guns. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heavy  \Heav"y\,  adv 
  Heavily;  --  sometimes  used  in  composition;  as  heavy-laden. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heavy  \Heav"y\,  v.  t. 
  To  make  heavy.  [Obs.]  --Wyclif. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  heavy 
  adj  1:  of  comparatively  great  physical  weight  or  density;  "a  heavy 
  load";  "lead  is  a  heavy  metal";  "heavy  mahogony 
  furniture"  [ant:  {light}] 
  2:  unusually  great  in  degree  or  quantity  or  number;  "heavy 
  taxes";  "a  heavy  fine";  "heavy  casualties";  "heavy 
  losses";  "heavy  rain";  "heavy  traffic"  [ant:  {light}] 
  3:  of  the  military  or  industry;  using  (or  being)  the  heaviest 
  and  most  powerful  armaments  or  weapons  or  equipment; 
  "heavy  artillery";  "heavy  infantry";  "a  heavy  cruiser"; 
  "heavy  guns";  "heavy  industry  involves  large-scale 
  production  of  basic  products  (such  as  steel)  used  by  other 
  industries"  [ant:  {light}] 
  4:  having  or  suggesting  a  viscous  consistency;  "heavy  cream" 
  5:  wide  from  side  to  side  "a  heavy  black  mark"  [syn:  {thick}] 
  6:  marked  by  great  psychological  weight;  weighted  down 
  especially  with  sadness  or  troubles  or  weariness;  "a  heavy 
  heart";  "a  heavy  schedule";  "heavy  news";  "a  heavy 
  silence";  "heavy  eyelids"  [ant:  {light}] 
  7:  usually  describes  a  large  person  who  is  fat  but  has  a  large 
  frame  to  carry  it  [syn:  {fleshy},  {overweight}] 
  8:  (used  of  soil)  compact  and  fine-grained;  "the  clayey  soil 
  was  heavy  and  easily  saturated"  [syn:  {clayey},  {cloggy}] 
  9:  darkened  by  clouds;  "a  heavy  sky"  [syn:  {lowering},  {sullen}, 
  {threatening}] 
  10:  of  great  intensity  or  power  or  force;  "a  heavy  blow";  "the 
  fighting  was  heavy";  "heavy  seas"  [ant:  {light}] 
  11:  (physics,  chemistry)  being  or  containing  an  isotope  with 
  greater  than  average  atomic  mass  or  weight;  "heavy 
  hydrogen";  "heavy  water"  [ant:  {light}] 
  12:  (of  an  actor  or  role)  being  or  playing  the  villain;  "Iago  is 
  the  heavy  role  in  `Othello'" 
  13:  permitting  little  if  any  light  to  pass  through  because  of 
  denseness  of  matter;  "dense  smoke";  "heavy  fog"; 
  "impenetrable  gloom"  [syn:  {dense},  {impenetrable}] 
  14:  made  of  fabric  having  considerable  thickness;  "a  heavy  coat" 
  15:  of  a  drinker  or  drinking;  indulging  intemperately;  "does  a 
  lot  of  hard  drinking";  "a  heavy  drinker"  [syn:  {hard(a)}] 
  16:  prodigious;  "big  spender";  "big  eater";  "heavy  investor" 
  [syn:  {big(a)},  {heavy(a)}] 
  17:  used  of  syllables  [syn:  {accented},  {strong}] 
  18:  full  and  loud  and  deep;  "heavy  sounds";  "a  herald  chosen  for 
  his  sonorous  voice"  [syn:  {sonorous}] 
  19:  of  great  gravity  or  crucial  import;  requiring  serious 
  thought;  "grave  responsibilities";  "faced  a  grave 
  decision  in  a  time  of  crisis";  "a  grievous  fault";  "heavy 
  matters  of  state";  "the  weighty  matters  to  be  discussed 
  at  the  peace  conference"  [syn:  {grave},  {grievous},  {weighty}] 
  20:  slow  and  laborious  because  of  weight;  "the  heavy  tread  of 
  tired  troops";  "moved  with  a  lumbering  sag-bellied  trot"; 
  "ponderous  prehistoric  beasts";  "a  ponderous  yawn"  [syn: 
  {lumbering},  {ponderous}] 
  21:  large  and  powerful;  especially  designed  for  heavy  loads  or 
  rough  work  "a  heavy  truck";  "heavy  machinery" 
  22:  dense  or  inadequately  leavened  and  hence  likely  to  cause 
  distress  in  the  alimentary  canal;  "a  heavy  pudding" 
  23:  sharply  inclined;  "a  heavy  grade" 
  24:  full  of  bearing  great  weight;  "trees  heavy  with  fruit"; 
  "vines  weighed  down  with  grapes"  [syn:  {weighed  down}] 
  25:  requiring  or  showing  effort;  "heavy  breathing";  "the  subject 
  made  for  labored  reading"  [syn:  {labored},  {laboured}] 
  26:  characterized  by  toilsome  effort  to  the  point  of  exhaustion; 
  especially  physical  effort;  "worked  their  arduous  way  up 
  the  mining  valley";  "a  grueling  campaign";  "hard  labor"; 
  "heavy  work";  "heavy  going";  "spent  many  laborious  hours 
  on  the  project";  "set  a  punishing  pace"  [syn:  {arduous}, 
  {backbreaking},  {grueling},  {gruelling},  {hard},  {laborious}, 
  {labourious},  {punishing},  {toilsome}] 
  27:  lacking  lightness  or  liveliness;  "heavy  humor";  "a  leaden 
  conversation"  [syn:  {leaden}] 
  28:  (of  sleep)  deep  and  complete;  "a  heavy  sleep";  "fell  into  a 
  profound  sleep";  "a  sound  sleeper";  "deep  wakeless  sleep" 
  [syn:  {profound},  {sound},  {wakeless}] 
  29:  in  an  advanced  stage  of  pregnancy;  "was  big  with  child"; 
  "was  great  with  child"  [syn:  {big(p)},  {enceinte},  {expectant}, 
  {gravid},  {great(p)},  {large(p)},  {heavy(p)},  {with 
  child(p)}] 
  n  1:  an  actor  who  plays  villainous  roles 
  2:  a  serious  (or  tragic)  role  in  a  play 
  adv  :  slowly  as  if  burdened  by  much  weight;  "time  hung  heavy  on 
  their  hands"  [syn:  {heavily}] 




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