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subject


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Subject  \Sub*ject"\,  n.  [From  L.  subjectus  through  an  old  form 
  of  F.  sujet.  See  {Subject},  a.] 
  1.  That  which  is  placed  under  the  authority,  dominion, 
  control,  or  influence  of  something  else. 
 
  2.  Specifically:  One  who  is  under  the  authority  of  a  ruler 
  and  is  governed  by  his  laws;  one  who  owes  allegiance  to  a 
  sovereign  or  a  sovereign  state;  as  a  subject  of  Queen 
  Victoria;  a  British  subject;  a  subject  of  the  United 
  States. 
 
  Was  never  subject  longed  to  be  a  king,  As  I  do  long 
  and  wish  to  be  a  subject.  --Shak. 
 
  The  subject  must  obey  his  prince,  because  God 
  commands  it  human  laws  require  it  --Swift. 
 
  Note:  In  international  law,  the  term  subject  is  convertible 
  with  citizen. 
 
  3.  That  which  is  subjected,  or  submitted  to  any  physical 
  operation  or  process;  specifically  (Anat.),  a  dead  body 
  used  for  the  purpose  of  dissection. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Subject  \Sub*ject"\,  a.  [OE.  suget,  OF  souzget  sougit  (in 
  which  the  first  part  is  L.  subtus  below,  fr  sub  under), 
  subgiet  subject,  F.  sujet,  from  L.  subjectus  lying  under 
  subjected,  p.  p.  of  subjicere  subicere  to  throw,  lay, 
  place  or  bring  under  sub  under  +  jacere  to  throw.  See  {Jet} 
  a  shooting  forth.] 
  1.  Placed  or  situated  under  lying  below,  or  in  a  lower 
  situation.  [Obs.]  --Spenser. 
 
  2.  Placed  under  the  power  of  another;  specifically 
  (International  Law),  owing  allegiance  to  a  particular 
  sovereign  or  state;  as  Jamaica  is  subject  to  Great 
  Britain. 
 
  Esau  was  never  subject  to  Jacob.  --Locke. 
 
  3.  Exposed;  liable;  prone;  disposed;  as  a  country  subject  to 
  extreme  heat;  men  subject  to  temptation. 
 
  All  human  things  are  subject  to  decay.  --Dryden. 
 
  4.  Obedient;  submissive. 
 
  Put  them  in  mind  to  be  subject  to  principalities. 
  --Titus  iii. 
  1. 
 
  Syn:  Liable;  subordinate;  inferior;  obnoxious;  exposed.  See 
  {Liable}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Subject  \Sub*ject"\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Subjected};  p.  pr  & 
  vb  n.  {Subjecting}.] 
  1.  To  bring  under  control,  power,  or  dominion;  to  make 
  subject;  to  subordinate;  to  subdue. 
 
  Firmness  of  mind  that  subjects  every  gratification 
  of  sense  to  the  rule  of  right  reason.  --C. 
  Middleton. 
 
  In  one  short  view  subjected  to  our  eye,  Gods, 
  emperors,  heroes,  sages,  beauties,  lie.  --Pope. 
 
  He  is  the  most  subjected,  the  most  ?nslaved,  who  is 
  so  in  his  understanding.  --Locke. 
 
  2.  To  expose;  to  make  obnoxious  or  liable;  as  credulity 
  subjects  a  person  to  impositions. 
 
  3.  To  submit;  to  make  accountable. 
 
  God  is  not  bound  to  subject  his  ways  of  operation  to 
  the  scrutiny  of  our  thoughts.  --Locke. 
 
  4.  To  make  subservient. 
 
  Subjected  to  his  service  angel  wings.  --Milton. 
 
  5.  To  cause  to  undergo;  as  to  subject  a  substance  to  a  white 
  heat;  to  subject  a  person  to  a  rigid  test. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  subject 
  adj  1:  not  exempt  from  tax;  "the  gift  will  be  subject  to  taxation" 
  [syn:  {subject(p)}] 
  2:  being  under  the  power  or  sovereignty  of  another  or  others 
  "subject  peoples";  "a  dependent  prince"  [syn:  {dependent}] 
  n  1:  the  subject  matter  of  a  conversation  or  discussion;  "he 
  didn't  want  to  discuss  that  subject";  "it  was  a  very 
  sensitive  topic";  "his  letters  were  always  on  the  theme 
  of  love"  [syn:  {topic},  {theme}] 
  2:  some  situation  or  event  that  is  thought  about  "he  kept 
  drifting  off  the  topic";  "he  had  been  thinking  about  the 
  subject  for  several  years";  "it  is  a  matter  for  the 
  police"  [syn:  {topic},  {issue},  {matter}] 
  3:  a  branch  of  knowledge;  "in  what  discipline  is  his 
  doctorate?";  "teachers  should  be  well  trained  in  their 
  subject";  "anthropology  is  the  study  of  human  beings" 
  [syn:  {discipline},  {subject  area},  {subject  field},  {field}, 
  {field  of  study},  {study},  {branch  of  knowledge}] 
  4:  something  (a  person  or  object  or  scene)  selected  by  an 
  artist  or  photographer  for  graphic  representation;  "a 
  moving  picture  of  a  train  is  more  dramatic  than  a  still 
  picture  of  the  same  subject"  [syn:  {content},  {depicted 
  object}] 
  5:  a  person  who  is  subjected  to  experimental  or  other 
  observational  procedures;  someone  who  is  an  object  of 
  investigation;  "the  subjects  for  this  investigation  were 
  selected  randomly";  "the  cases  that  we  studied  were  drawn 
  from  two  different  communities"  [syn:  {case},  {guinea  pig}] 
  6:  a  person  who  owes  allegiance  to  that  nation;  "a  monarch  has 
  a  duty  to  his  subjects"  [syn:  {national}] 
  7:  (linguistics)  the  grammatical  constituent  about  which 
  something  is  predicated  in  a  sentence 
  v  1:  cause  to  experience  or  suffer:  "He  subjected  me  to  his  awful 
  poetry";  "The  sergeant  subjected  the  new  recruits  to 
  many  drills" 
  2:  make  accountable  for:  "He  did  not  want  to  subject  himself  to 
  the  judgments  of  his  superiors" 
  3:  make  vulnerable  or  liable  to  "People  in  Chernobyl  were 
  subjected  to  radiation" 
  4:  make  liable:  "This  action  may  subject  you  to  certain 
  penalties" 
  5:  make  subservient;  force  to  submit  [syn:  {subjugate}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  subject 
 
    In  {subject-oriented  programming},  a  subject  is 
  a  collection  of  {classes}  or  class  fragments  whose  {class 
  hierarchy}  models  its  domain  in  its  own  subjective  way  A 
  subject  may  be  a  complete  application  in  itself  or  it  may  be 
  an  incomplete  fragment  that  must  be  composed  with  other 
  subjects  to  produce  a  complete  application.  Subject 
  composition  combines  class  hierarchies  to  produce  new  subjects 
  that  incorporate  functionality  from  existing  subjects. 
 
  (1999-08-31) 
 
 




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