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throw


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fault  \Fault\,  n. 
  1.  (Elec.)  A  defective  point  in  an  electric  circuit  due  to  a 
  crossing  of  the  parts  of  the  conductor,  or  to  contact  with 
  another  conductor  or  the  earth,  or  to  a  break  in  the 
  circuit. 
 
  2.  (Geol.  &  Mining)  A  dislocation  caused  by  a  slipping  of 
  rock  masses  along  a  plane  of  facture;  also  the  dislocated 
  structure  resulting  from  such  slipping. 
 
  Note:  The  surface  along  which  the  dislocated  masses  have 
  moved  is  called  the 
 
  {fault  plane}.  When  this  plane  is  vertical,  the  fault  is  a 
 
  {vertical  fault};  when  its  inclination  is  such  that  the 
  present  relative  position  of  the  two  masses  could  have 
  been  produced  by  the  sliding  down  along  the  fault  plane, 
  of  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  the  fault  is  a 
 
  {normal},  or  {gravity},  {fault}.  When  the  fault  plane  is  so 
  inclined  that  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  has  moved  up 
  relatively,  the  fault  is  then  called  a 
 
  {reverse}  (or  {reversed}),  {thrust},  or  {overthrust}, 
  {fault}.  If  no  vertical  displacement  has  resulted,  the  fault 
  is  then  called  a 
 
  {horizontal  fault}.  The  linear  extent  of  the  dislocation 
  measured  on  the  fault  plane  and  in  the  direction  of 
  movement  is  the 
 
  {displacement};  the  vertical  displacement  is  the 
 
  {throw};  the  horizontal  displacement  is  the 
 
  {heave}.  The  direction  of  the  line  of  intersection  of  the 
  fault  plane  with  a  horizontal  plane  is  the 
 
  {trend}  of  the  fault.  A  fault  is  a 
 
  {strike  fault}  when  its  trend  coincides  approximately  with 
  the  strike  of  associated  strata  (i.e.,  the  line  of 
  intersection  of  the  plane  of  the  strata  with  a  horizontal 
  plane);  it  is  a 
 
  {dip  fault}  when  its  trend  is  at  right  angles  to  the  strike; 
  an 
 
  {oblique  fault}  when  its  trend  is  oblique  to  the  strike. 
  Oblique  faults  and  dip  faults  are  sometimes  called 
 
  {cross  faults}.  A  series  of  closely  associated  parallel 
  faults  are  sometimes  called 
 
  {step  faults}  and  sometimes 
 
  {distributive  faults}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\,  v.  i. 
 
  {To  throw  back},  to  revert  to  an  ancestral  type  or  character. 
  ``A  large  proportion  of  the  steerage  passengers  throw  back 
  to  their  Darwinian  ancestry.''  --The  Century.  Throwing 
  stick  \Throw"ing  stick`\  (Anthropol.) 
  An  instrument  used  by  various  savage  races  for  throwing  a 
  spear;  --  called  also  {throw  stick}  and  {spear  thrower}.  One 
  end  of  the  stick  receives  the  butt  of  the  spear,  as  upon  a 
  hook  or  thong,  and  the  other  end  is  grasped  with  the  hand, 
  which  also  holds  the  spear,  toward  the  middle,  above  it  with 
  the  finger  and  thumb,  the  effect  being  to  bring  the  place  of 
  support  nearer  the  center  of  the  spear,  and  practically 
  lengthen  the  arm  in  the  act  of  throwing. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\  (thr[=o]),  n.  [See  {Throe}.] 
  Pain;  especially,  pain  of  travail;  throe.  [Obs.]  --Spenser. 
  Dryden. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\,  n.  [AS.  [thorn]r[=a]h,  [thorn]r[=a]g.] 
  Time;  while  space  of  time;  moment;  trice.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
 
  I  will  with  Thomas  speak  a  little  throw.  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\,  v.  t.  [imp.  {Threw}  (thr[udd]);  p.  p.  {Thrown} 
  (thr[=o]n);  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Throwing}.]  [OE.  [thorn]rowen, 
  [thorn]rawen,  to  throw,  to  twist,  AS  [thorn]r[=a]wan  to 
  twist,  to  whirl;  akin  to  D.  draaijen  G.  drehen  OHG. 
  dr[=a]jan,  L.  terebra  an  auger,  gimlet,  Gr  ?  to  bore,  to 
  turn,  ?  to  pierce,  ?  a  hole.  Cf  {Thread},  {Trite},  {Turn}, 
  v.  t.] 
  1.  To  fling,  cast,  or  hurl  with  a  certain  whirling  motion  of 
  the  arm,  to  throw  a  ball;  --  distinguished  from  to  toss 
  or  to  bowl. 
 
  2.  To  fling  or  cast  in  any  manner;  to  drive  to  a  distance 
  from  the  hand  or  from  an  engine;  to  propel;  to  send  as 
  to  throw  stones  or  dust  with  the  hand;  a  cannon  throws  a 
  ball;  a  fire  engine  throws  a  stream  of  water  to  extinguish 
  flames. 
 
  3.  To  drive  by  violence;  as  a  vessel  or  sailors  may  be 
  thrown  upon  a  rock. 
 
  4.  (Mil.)  To  cause  to  take  a  strategic  position;  as  he  threw 
  a  detachment  of  his  army  across  the  river. 
 
  5.  To  overturn;  to  prostrate  in  wrestling;  as  a  man  throws 
  his  antagonist. 
 
  6.  To  cast,  as  dice;  to  venture  at  dice. 
 
  Set  less  than  thou  throwest  --Shak. 
 
  7.  To  put  on  hastily;  to  spread  carelessly. 
 
  O'er  his  fair  limbs  a  flowery  vest  he  threw.  --Pope. 
 
  8.  To  divest  or  strip  one's  self  of  to  put  off 
 
  There  the  snake  throws  her  enameled  skin.  --Shak. 
 
  9.  (Pottery)  To  form  or  shape  roughly  on  a  throwing  engine, 
  or  potter's  wheel,  as  earthen  vessels. 
 
  10.  To  give  forcible  utterance  to  to  cast;  to  vent. 
 
  I  have  thrown  A  brave  defiance  in  King  Henry's 
  teeth.  --Shak. 
 
  11.  To  bring  forth;  to  produce,  as  young;  to  bear;  --  said 
  especially  of  rabbits. 
 
  12.  To  twist  two  or  more  filaments  of  as  silk,  so  as  to  form 
  one  thread;  to  twist  together,  as  singles,  in  a  direction 
  contrary  to  the  twist  of  the  singles  themselves;  -- 
  sometimes  applied  to  the  whole  class  of  operations  by 
  which  silk  is  prepared  for  the  weaver.  --Tomlinson. 
 
  {To  throw  away}. 
  a  To  lose  by  neglect  or  folly;  to  spend  in  vain;  to 
  bestow  without  a  compensation;  as  to  throw  away 
  time;  to  throw  away  money. 
  b  To  reject;  as  to  throw  away  a  good  book,  or  a  good 
  offer. 
 
  {To  throw  back}. 
  a  To  retort;  to  cast  back  as  a  reply. 
  b  To  reject;  to  refuse. 
  c  To  reflect,  as  light. 
 
  {To  throw  by},  to  lay  aside;  to  discard;  to  neglect  as 
  useless;  as  to  throw  by  a  garment. 
 
  {To  throw  down},  to  subvert;  to  overthrow;  to  destroy;  as  to 
  throw  down  a  fence  or  wall. 
 
  {To  throw  in}. 
  a  To  inject,  as  a  fluid. 
  b  To  put  in  to  deposit  with  others  to  contribute;  as 
  to  throw  in  a  few  dollars  to  help  make  up  a  fund;  to 
  throw  in  an  occasional  comment. 
  c  To  add  without  enumeration  or  valuation,  as  something 
  extra  to  clinch  a  bargain. 
 
  {To  throw  off}. 
  a  To  expel;  to  free  one's  self  from  as  to  throw  off  a 
  disease. 
  b  To  reject;  to  discard;  to  abandon;  as  to  throw  off 
  all  sense  of  shame;  to  throw  off  a  dependent. 
  c  To  make  a  start  in  a  hunt  or  race.  [Eng.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\,  v.  i. 
  To  perform  the  act  of  throwing  or  casting;  to  cast; 
  specifically,  to  cast  dice. 
 
  {To  throw  about},  to  cast  about  to  try  expedients.  [R.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Throw  \Throw\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  of  hurling  or  flinging;  a  driving  or  propelling 
  from  the  hand  or  an  engine;  a  cast. 
 
  He  heaved  a  stone,  and  rising  to  the  throw,  He  sent 
  it  in  a  whirlwind  at  the  foe.  --Addison. 
 
  2.  A  stroke;  a  blow.  [Obs.] 
 
  Nor  shield  defend  the  thunder  of  his  throws. 
  --Spenser. 
 
  3.  The  distance  which  a  missile  is  or  may  be  thrown;  as  a 
  stone's  throw. 
 
  4.  A  cast  of  dice;  the  manner  in  which  dice  fall  when  cast; 
  as  a  good  throw. 
 
  5.  An  effort;  a  violent  sally.  [Obs.] 
 
  Your  youth  admires  The  throws  and  swellings  of  a 
  Roman  soul.  --Addison. 
 
  6.  (Mach.)  The  extreme  movement  given  to  a  sliding  or 
  vibrating  reciprocating  piece  by  a  cam,  crank,  eccentric, 
  or  the  like  travel;  stroke;  as  the  throw  of  a  slide 
  valve.  Also  frequently,  the  length  of  the  radius  of  a 
  crank,  or  the  eccentricity  of  an  eccentric;  as  the  throw 
  of  the  crank  of  a  steam  engine  is  equal  to  half  the  stroke 
  of  the  piston. 
 
  7.  (Pottery)  A  potter's  wheel  or  table;  a  jigger.  See  2d 
  {Jigger},  2 
  a  . 
 
  8.  A  turner's  lathe;  a  throwe.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
 
  9.  (Mining)  The  amount  of  vertical  displacement  produced  by  a 
  fault;  --  according  to  the  direction  it  is  designated  as 
  an  upthrow,  or  a  downthrow. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  throw 
  n  1:  the  act  of  throwing  (propelling  something  through  the  air 
  with  a  rapid  movement  of  the  arm  and  wrist);  "the 
  catcher  made  a  good  throw  to  second  base" 
  2:  (informal)  a  single  chance  or  instance;  "he  couldn't  afford 
  $50  a  throw" 
  3:  the  maximum  movement  available  to  a  pivoted  or  reciprocating 
  piece  by  a  cam  [syn:  {stroke},  {cam  stroke}] 
  4:  the  distance  that  something  can  be  thrown;  "it  is  just  a 
  stone's  throw  from  here" 
  5:  a  lightweight  cloth  covering  (an  afghan  or  bedspread)  that 
  is  casually  thrown  over  something 
  6:  the  throwing  of  an  object  in  order  to  determine  an  outcome 
  randomly;  "he  risked  his  fortune  on  a  throw  of  the  dice" 
  v  1:  project  through  the  air;  "throw  a  frisbee" 
  2:  move  violently,  energetically,  or  carelessly;  "She  threw 
  herself  forwards" 
  3:  get  rid  of  "he  shed  his  image  as  a  pushy  boss"  [syn:  {shed}, 
  {cast},  {cast  off},  {shake  off},  {throw  off},  {throw  away}, 
  {drop}] 
  4:  place  with  great  energy;  "She  threw  the  blanket  around  the 
  child" 
  5:  convey  or  communicate;  of  a  smile,  a  look  a  physical 
  gesture;  "Throw  a  glance";  "She  gave  me  a  dirty  look" 
  [syn:  {give}] 
  6:  cause  to  go  on  or  t  be  engaged;  set  in  operation;  "switch  on 
  the  light";  "throw  the  lever"  [syn:  {flip},  {switch}] 
  7:  put  or  send  forth;  "She  threw  the  flashlight  beam  into  the 
  corner";  "The  setting  sun  threw  long  shadows";  "cast  a 
  spell";  "cast  a  warm  light"  [syn:  {project},  {cast},  {contrive}] 
  8:  to  put  into  a  state  or  activity  hastily,  suddenly,  or 
  carelessly;  "Jane  threw  dinner  together",  throw  the  car 
  into  reverse" 
  9:  cause  to  be  confused  emotionally  [syn:  {bewilder},  {bemuse}, 
  {discombobulate}] 
  10:  utter  with  force;  utter  vehemently;  "hurl  insults";  "throw 
  accusations  at  someone"  [syn:  {hurl}] 
  11:  organize  or  be  responsible  for  "hold  a  reception,"  "have, 
  throw,  or  make  a  party",  "give  a  course",  etc  [syn:  {hold}, 
  {have},  {make},  {give}] 
  12:  make  on  a  potter's  wheel;  of  pottery 
  13:  cause  to  fall  off  "The  horse  threw  its  unexperienced  rider" 
  14:  throw  out  onto  a  flat  surface,  as  of  die;  "Throw  a  six" 
  15:  be  confusing  or  perplexing  to  cause  to  be  unable  to  think 
  clearly:  "These  questions  confuse  even  the  experts"; 
  "This  question  completely  threw  me";  "This  question 
  befuddled  even  the  teacher"  [syn:  {confuse},  {fox},  {befuddle}, 
  {fuddle},  {bedevil},  {confound},  {discombobulate}] 




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