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turn


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Turn  \Turn\,  v.  t. 
  To  make  a  turn  about  or  around  (something);  to  go  or  pass 
  around  by  turning;  as  to  turn  a  corner. 
 
  The  ranges  are  not  high  or  steep,  and  one  can  turn  a 
  kopje  instead  of  cutting  or  tunneling  through  it 
  --James  Bryce. 
 
  {To  turn  turtle},  to  capsize  bottom  upward;  --  said  of  a 
  vessel.  [Naut.  slang]  --  {To  turn  under}  (Agric.),  to  put 
  as  soil,  manure,  etc.,  underneath  from  the  surface  by 
  plowing,  digging,  or  the  like 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Turn  \Turn\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Turned};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Turning}.]  [OE.  turnen,  tournen,  OF  tourner,  torner, 
  turner,  F.  tourner,  LL  tornare  fr  L.  tornare  to  turn  in  a 
  lathe,  to  rounds  off  fr  tornus  a  lathe,  Gr  ?  a  turner's 
  chisel,  a  carpenter's  tool  for  drawing  circles;  probably  akin 
  to  E.  throw.  See  {Throw},  and  cf  {Attorney},  {Return}, 
  {Tornado},  {Tour},  {Tournament}.] 
  1.  To  cause  to  move  upon  a  center,  or  as  if  upon  a  center;  to 
  give  circular  motion  to  to  cause  to  revolve;  to  cause  to 
  move  round,  either  partially,  wholly,  or  repeatedly;  to 
  make  to  change  position  so  as  to  present  other  sides  in 
  given  directions;  to  make  to  face  otherwise;  as  to  turn  a 
  wheel  or  a  spindle;  to  turn  the  body  or  the  head. 
 
  Turn  the  adamantine  spindle  round.  --Milton. 
 
  The  monarch  turns  him  to  his  royal  guest.  --Pope. 
 
  2.  To  cause  to  present  a  different  side  uppermost  or  outmost; 
  to  make  the  upper  side  the  lower,  or  the  inside  to  be  the 
  outside  of  to  reverse  the  position  of  as  to  turn  a  box 
  or  a  board;  to  turn  a  coat. 
 
  3.  To  give  another  direction,  tendency,  or  inclination  to  to 
  direct  otherwise;  to  deflect;  to  incline  differently;  -- 
  used  both  literally  and  figuratively;  as  to  turn  the  eyes 
  to  the  heavens;  to  turn  a  horse  from  the  road,  or  a  ship 
  from  her  course;  to  turn  the  attention  to  or  from 
  something  ``Expert  when  to  advance,  or  stand  or  turn 
  the  sway  of  battle.''  --Milton. 
 
  Thrice  I  deluded  her  and  turned  to  sport  Her 
  importunity.  --Milton. 
 
  My  thoughts  are  turned  on  peace.  --Addison. 
 
  4.  To  change  from  a  given  use  or  office;  to  divert,  as  to 
  another  purpose  or  end  to  transfer;  to  use  or  employ;  to 
  apply;  to  devote. 
 
  Therefore  he  slew  him  and  turned  the  kingdom  unto 
  David.  --1  Chron.  x. 
  14. 
 
  God  will  make  these  evils  the  occasion  of  a  greater 
  good,  by  turning  them  to  advantage  in  this  world. 
  --Tillotson. 
 
  When  the  passage  is  open  land  will  be  turned  most 
  to  cattle;  when  shut,  to  sheep.  --Sir  W. 
  Temple. 
 
  5.  To  change  the  form  quality,  aspect,  or  effect  of  to 
  alter;  to  metamorphose;  to  convert;  to  transform;  --  often 
  with  to  or  into  before  the  word  denoting  the  effect  or 
  product  of  the  change;  as  to  turn  a  worm  into  a  winged 
  insect;  to  turn  green  to  blue;  to  turn  prose  into  verse; 
  to  turn  a  Whig  to  a  Tory,  or  a  Hindu  to  a  Christian;  to 
  turn  good  to  evil,  and  the  like 
 
  The  Lord  thy  God  will  turn  thy  captivity,  and  have 
  compassion  upon  thee.  --Deut.  xxx. 
  3. 
 
  And  David  said  O  Lord,  I  pray  thee,  turn  the 
  counsel  of  Ahithophel  into  foolishness.  --2  Sam.  xv 
  31. 
 
  Impatience  turns  an  ague  into  a  fever.  --Jer. 
  Taylor. 
 
  6.  To  form  in  a  lathe;  to  shape  or  fashion  anything  by 
  applying  a  cutting  tool  to  it  while  revolving;  as  to  turn 
  the  legs  of  stools  or  tables;  to  turn  ivory  or  metal. 
 
  I  had  rather  hear  a  brazen  canstick  turned.  --Shak. 
 
  7.  Hence  to  give  form  to  to  shape;  to  mold;  to  put  in 
  proper  condition;  to  adapt.  ``The  poet's  pen  turns  them  to 
  shapes.''  --Shak. 
 
  His  limbs  how  turned,  how  broad  his  shoulders  spread 
  !  --Pope. 
 
  He  was  perfectly  well  turned  for  trade  --Addison. 
 
  8.  Specifically: 
  a  To  translate;  to  construe;  as  to  turn  the  Iliad. 
 
  Who  turns  a  Persian  tale  for  half  a  crown. 
  --Pope. 
  b  To  make  acid  or  sour;  to  ferment;  to  curdle,  etc.:  as 
  to  turn  cider  or  wine;  electricity  turns  milk  quickly. 
  c  To  sicken;  to  nauseate;  as  an  emetic  turns  one's 
  stomach. 
 
  {To  be  turned  of},  be  advanced  beyond;  as  to  be  turned  of 
  sixty-six. 
 
  {To  turn  a  cold  shoulder  to},  to  treat  with  neglect  or 
  indifference. 
 
  {To  turn  a  corner},  to  go  round  a  corner. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Turn  \Turn\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  move  round;  to  have  a  circular  motion;  to  revolve 
  entirely,  repeatedly,  or  partially;  to  change  position,  so 
  as  to  face  differently;  to  whirl  or  wheel  round;  as  a 
  wheel  turns  on  its  axis;  a  spindle  turns  on  a  pivot;  a  man 
  turns  on  his  heel. 
 
  The  gate  .  .  .  on  golden  hinges  turning.  --Milton. 
 
  2.  Hence  to  revolve  as  if  upon  a  point  of  support;  to  hinge; 
  to  depend;  as  the  decision  turns  on  a  single  fact 
 
  Conditions  of  peace  certainly  turn  upon  events  of 
  war.  --Swift. 
 
  3.  To  result  or  terminate;  to  come  about  to  eventuate;  to 
  issue. 
 
  If  we  repent  seriously,  submit  contentedly,  and 
  serve  him  faithfully,  afflictions  shall  turn  to  our 
  advantage.  --Wake. 
 
  4.  To  be  deflected;  to  take  a  different  direction  or 
  tendency;  to  be  directed  otherwise;  to  be  differently 
  applied;  to  be  transferred;  as  to  turn  from  the  road. 
 
  Turn  from  thy  fierce  wrath.  --Ex.  xxxii 
  12. 
 
  Turn  ye  turn  ye  from  your  evil  ways.  --Ezek. 
  xxxiii  11. 
 
  The  understanding  turns  inward  on  itself  and 
  reflects  on  its  own  operations.  --Locke. 
 
  5.  To  be  changed,  altered,  or  transformed;  to  become 
  transmuted;  also  to  become  by  a  change  or  changes;  to 
  grow;  as  wood  turns  to  stone;  water  turns  to  ice;  one 
  color  turns  to  another;  to  turn  Mohammedan. 
 
  I  hope  you  have  no  intent  to  turn  husband.  --Shak. 
 
  Cygnets  from  gray  turn  white.  --Bacon. 
 
  6.  To  undergo  the  process  of  turning  on  a  lathe;  as  ivory 
  turns  well 
 
  7.  Specifically: 
  a  To  become  acid;  to  sour;  --  said  of  milk,  ale,  etc 
  b  To  become  giddy;  --  said  of  the  head  or  brain. 
 
  I'll  look  no  more  Lest  my  brain  turn.  --Shak. 
  c  To  be  nauseated;  --  said  of  the  stomach. 
  d  To  become  inclined  in  the  other  direction;  --  said  of 
  scales. 
  e  To  change  from  ebb  to  flow,  or  from  flow  to  ebb;  -- 
  said  of  the  tide. 
  f  (Obstetrics)  To  bring  down  the  feet  of  a  child  in  the 
  womb,  in  order  to  facilitate  delivery. 
 
  8.  (Print.)  To  invert  a  type  of  the  same  thickness,  as 
  temporary  substitute  for  any  sort  which  is  exhausted. 
 
  {To  turn  about},  to  face  to  another  quarter;  to  turn  around 
 
 
  {To  turn  again},  to  come  back  after  going;  to  return.  --Shak. 
 
  {To  turn  against},  to  become  unfriendly  or  hostile  to 
 
  {To  turn}  {aside  or  away}. 
  a  To  turn  from  the  direct  course;  to  withdraw  from  a 
  company;  to  deviate. 
  b  To  depart;  to  remove. 
  c  To  avert  one's  face. 
 
  {To  turn  back},  to  turn  so  as  to  go  in  an  opposite  direction; 
  to  retrace  one's  steps. 
 
  {To  turn  in}. 
  a  To  bend  inward. 
  b  To  enter  for  lodgings  or  entertainment. 
  c  To  go  to  bed.  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  turn  into},  to  enter  by  making  a  turn;  as  to  turn  into  a 
  side  street. 
 
  {To  turn  off},  to  be  diverted;  to  deviate  from  a  course;  as 
  the  road  turns  off  to  the  left 
 
  {To  turn  on}  or  {upon}. 
  a  To  turn  against;  to  confront  in  hostility  or  anger. 
  b  To  reply  to  or  retort. 
  c  To  depend  on  as  the  result  turns  on  one  condition. 
 
 
  {To  turn  out}. 
  a  To  move  from  its  place  as  a  bone. 
  b  To  bend  or  point  outward;  as  his  toes  turn  out 
  c  To  rise  from  bed.  [Colloq.] 
  d  To  come  abroad;  to  appear;  as  not  many  turned  out  to 
  the  fire. 
  e  To  prove  in  the  result;  to  issue;  to  result;  as  the 
  crops  turned  out  poorly. 
 
  {To  turn  over},  to  turn  from  side  to  side  to  roll;  to 
  tumble. 
 
  {To  turn  round}. 
  a  To  change  position  so  as  to  face  in  another  direction. 
  b  To  change  one's  opinion;  to  change  from  one  view  or 
  party  to  another. 
 
  {To  turn  to},  to  apply  one's  self  to  have  recourse  to  to 
  refer  to  ``Helvicus's  tables  may  be  turned  to  on  all 
  occasions.''  --Locke. 
 
  {To  turn  to  account},  {profit},  {advantage},  or  the  like  to 
  be  made  profitable  or  advantageous;  to  become  worth  the 
  while 
 
  {To  turn  under},  to  bend,  or  be  folded,  downward  or  under 
 
  {To  turn  up}. 
  a  To  bend,  or  be  doubled,  upward. 
  b  To  appear;  to  come  to  light;  to  transpire;  to  occur; 
  to  happen. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Turn  \Turn\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  of  turning;  movement  or  motion  about  or  as  if 
  about  a  center  or  axis;  revolution;  as  the  turn  of  a 
  wheel. 
 
  2.  Change  of  direction,  course,  or  tendency;  different  order 
  position,  or  aspect  of  affairs;  alteration;  vicissitude; 
  as  the  turn  of  the  tide. 
 
  At  length  his  complaint  took  a  favorable  turn. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  The  turns  and  varieties  of  all  passions.  --Hooker. 
 
  Too  well  the  turns  of  mortal  chance  I  know  --Pope. 
 
  3.  One  of  the  successive  portions  of  a  course,  or  of  a  series 
  of  occurrences,  reckoning  from  change  to  change;  hence  a 
  winding;  a  bend;  a  meander. 
 
  And  all  its  [the  river's]  thousand  turns  disclose. 
  Some  fresher  beauty  varying  round.  --Byron. 
 
  4.  A  circuitous  walk,  or  a  walk  to  and  fro,  ending  where  it 
  began;  a  short  walk;  a  stroll. 
 
  Come  you  and  I  must  walk  a  turn  together.  --Shak. 
 
  I  will  take  a  turn  in  your  garden.  --Dryden. 
 
  5.  Successive  course;  opportunity  enjoyed  by  alternation  with 
  another  or  with  others  or  in  due  order  due  chance; 
  alternate  or  incidental  occasion;  appropriate  time. 
  ``Nobleness  and  bounty  .  .  .  had  their  turns  in  his  [the 
  king's]  nature.'' 
 
  His  turn  will  come  to  laugh  at  you  again  --Denham. 
 
  Every  one  has  a  fair  turn  to  be  as  great  as  he 
  pleases.  --Collier. 
 
  6.  Incidental  or  opportune  deed  or  office;  occasional  act  of 
  kindness  or  malice;  as  to  do  one  an  ill  turn. 
 
  Had  I  not  done  a  friendes  turn  to  thee?  --Chaucer. 
 
  thanks  are  half  lost  when  good  turns  are  delayed. 
  --Fairfax. 
 
  7.  Convenience;  occasion;  purpose;  exigence;  as  this  will 
  not  serve  his  turn. 
 
  I  have  enough  to  serve  mine  own  turn.  --Shak. 
 
  8.  Form  cast;  shape;  manner;  fashion;  --  used  in  a  literal 
  or  figurative  sense  hence  form  of  expression;  mode  of 
  signifying;  as  the  turn  of  thought;  a  man  of  a  sprightly 
  turn  in  conversation. 
 
  The  turn  of  both  his  expressions  and  thoughts  is 
  unharmonious.  --Dryden. 
 
  The  Roman  poets,  in  their  description  of  a  beautiful 
  man,  often  mention  the  turn  of  his  neck  and  arms. 
  --Addison. 
 
  9.  A  change  of  condition;  especially,  a  sudden  or  recurring 
  symptom  of  illness,  as  a  nervous  shock,  or  fainting  spell; 
  as  a  bad  turn.  [Colloq.] 
 
  10.  A  fall  off  the  ladder  at  the  gallows;  a  hanging;  --  so 
  called  from  the  practice  of  causing  the  criminal  to  stand 
  on  a  ladder  which  was  turned  over  so  throwing  him  off 
  when  the  signal  was  given  [Obs.] 
 
  11.  A  round  of  a  rope  or  cord  in  order  to  secure  it  as  about 
  a  pin  or  a  cleat. 
 
  12.  (Mining)  A  pit  sunk  in  some  part  of  a  drift. 
 
  13.  (Eng.  Law)  A  court  of  record,  held  by  the  sheriff  twice  a 
  year  in  every  hundred  within  his  county.  --Blount. 
 
  14.  pl  (Med.)  Monthly  courses;  menses.  [Colloq.] 
 
  15.  (Mus.)  An  embellishment  or  grace  (marked  thus  ?), 
  commonly  consisting  of  the  principal  note,  or  that  on 
  which  the  turn  is  made  with  the  note  above,  and  the 
  semitone  below,  the  note  above  being  sounded  first  the 
  principal  note  next  and  the  semitone  below  last  the 
  three  being  performed  quickly,  as  a  triplet  preceding  the 
  marked  note.  The  turn  may  be  inverted  so  as  to  begin  with 
  the  lower  note,  in  which  case  the  sign  is  either  placed 
  on  end  thus  ?,  or  drawn  thus  ?. 
 
  {By  turns}. 
  a  One  after  another;  alternately;  in  succession. 
  b  At  intervals.  ``[They]  feel  by  turns  the  bitter 
  change.''  --Milton. 
 
  {In  turn},  in  due  order  of  succession. 
 
  {To  a  turn},  exactly;  perfectly;  as  done  to  a  turn;  --  a 
  phrase  alluding  to  the  practice  of  cooking  on  a  revolving 
  spit. 
 
  {To  take  turns},  to  alternate;  to  succeed  one  another  in  due 
  order 
 
  {Turn  and  turn  about},  by  equal  alternating  periods  of 
  service  or  duty;  by  turns. 
 
  {Turn  bench},  a  simple  portable  lathe,  used  on  a  bench  by 
  clock  makers  and  watchmakers. 
 
  {Turn  buckle}.  See  {Turnbuckle},  in  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Turn  cap},  a  sort  of  chimney  cap  which  turns  round  with  the 
  wind  so  as  to  present  its  opening  to  the  leeward.  --G. 
  Francis. 
 
  {Turn  of  life}  (Med.),  change  of  life.  See  under  {Change}. 
 
  {Turn  screw},  a  screw  driver. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  turn 
  n  1:  a  circular  segment  of  a  curve:  "a  bend  in  the  road";  "a 
  crook  in  the  path"  [syn:  {bend},  {crook}] 
  2:  the  act  of  changing  or  reversing  the  direction  of  the 
  course;  "he  took  a  turn  to  the  right"  [syn:  {turning}] 
  3:  the  activity  of  doing  something  in  an  agreed  succession;  "it 
  is  my  turn"  or  "it  is  still  my  play"  [syn:  {play}] 
  4:  an  unforeseen  development;  "events  suddenly  took  an  awkward 
  turn"  [syn:  {turn  of  events},  {twist}] 
  5:  a  movement  in  a  new  direction;  "the  turning  of  the  wind" 
  [syn:  {turning}] 
  6:  turning  away  or  in  the  opposite  direction:  "he  made  an 
  abrupt  turn  away  from  her" 
  7:  turning  or  twisting  around  (in  place);  "with  a  quick  twist 
  of  his  head  he  surveyed  the  room"  [syn:  {twist}] 
  8:  a  time  for  working  (after  which  you  will  be  relieved  by 
  someone  else);  "it's  my  go";  "a  spell  of  work"  [syn:  {go}, 
  {spell},  {tour}] 
  9:  (in  sports)  a  period  of  play  during  which  one  team  is  on  the 
  offensive  [syn:  {bout},  {round}] 
  10:  a  short  theatrical  performance  that  is  part  of  a  longer 
  program;  "he  did  his  act  three  times  every  evening";  "she 
  had  a  catchy  little  routine";  "it  was  one  of  the  best 
  numbers  he  ever  did"  [syn:  {act},  {routine},  {number},  {bit}] 
  11:  a  favor  for  someone  "he  did  me  a  good  turn"  [syn:  {good 
  turn}] 
  12:  taking  a  short  walk  out  and  back  "we  took  a  turn  in  the 
  park" 
  v  1:  change  orientation  or  direction;  "Turn  towards  me" 
  2:  undergo  a  change  or  development:  "The  water  turned  into 
  ice";  "Her  former  friend  became  her  worst  enemy"  [syn:  {become}, 
  {turn  into},  {turn  to}] 
  3:  undergo  a  transformation  or  a  change  of  position;  "We  turned 
  from  Socialism  to  Capitalism"  [syn:  {change  state}] 
  4:  cause  to  move  around  "turn  a  key";  "turn  a  wheel";  "he 
  turned  her  around";  also  used  in  an  abstract  sense:  "turn 
  your  attention  to  this  painting" 
  5:  pass  into  a  condition  gradually,  become;"The  weather  turned 
  nasty";  "She  grew  angry"  [syn:  {grow}] 
  6:  to  send  or  let  go  "The  crowd  was  turned  away  at  the  gate  of 
  the  governor's  mansion" 
  7:  pass  to  the  other  side  of  a  corner,  for  example  [syn:  {move 
  around}] 
  8:  move  around  an  axis  or  a  center;  "The  wheels  are  turning" 
  9:  cause  to  move  around  a  center  so  as  to  show  another  side  of 
  "turn  a  page  of  a  book"  [syn:  {turn  over}] 
  10:  change  color,  as  of  leaves  in  the  Fall;  "In  Vermont,  the 
  leaves  turn  early" 
  11:  to  break  and  turn  over  earth  esp.  with  a  plow;  "Farmer  Jones 
  plowed  his  east  field  last  week"  [syn:  {plow},  {plough}] 
  12:  change  to  the  contrary;  "The  trend  was  reversed"  [syn:  {change 
  by  reversal},  {reverse}] 
  13:  release  something  from  a  container  [syn:  {release}] 
  14:  make  someone  agree,  understand,  or  realize  the  truth  or 
  validity  of  something  "He  had  finally  convinced  several 
  customers  of  the  advantages  of  his  product"  [syn:  {convert}, 
  {win  over},  {convince}] 
  15:  twist  suddenly  so  as  to  sprain;  "wrench  one's  ankle"  [syn:  {twist}, 
  {sprain},  {wrench},  {wrick},  {rick}] 
  16:  shape  by  rotating  on  a  lathe;  "turn  the  legs  of  the  table" 
  17:  go  sour  or  spoil;  "The  milk  has  soured"  [syn:  {sour},  {ferment}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  TURN 
 
    An  {SMTP}  command  with  which  a  {client} 
  asks  the  {server}  to  open  an  SMTP  connection  to  the  client, 
  thus  reversing  their  roles. 
 
  Superceded  by  {ETRN}. 
 
  (1997-11-21) 
 
 




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