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field

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field


  7  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Field  \Field\,  n.  [OE.  feld,  fild,  AS  feld;  akin  to  D.  veld,  G. 
  feld,  Sw  f["a]lt,  Dan.  felt,  Icel.  fold  field  of  grass,  AS 
  folde  earth,  land,  ground,  OS  folda.] 
  1.  Cleared  land;  land  suitable  for  tillage  or  pasture; 
  cultivated  ground;  the  open  country. 
 
  2.  A  piece  of  land  of  considerable  size;  esp.,  a  piece 
  inclosed  for  tillage  or  pasture. 
 
  Fields  which  promise  corn  and  wine.  --Byron. 
 
  3.  A  place  where  a  battle  is  fought;  also  the  battle  itself 
 
  In  this  glorious  and  well-foughten  field.  --Shak. 
 
  What  though  the  field  be  lost?  --Milton. 
 
  4.  An  open  space;  an  extent;  an  expanse.  Esp.: 
  a  Any  blank  space  or  ground  on  which  figures  are  drawn 
  or  projected. 
  b  The  space  covered  by  an  optical  instrument  at  one 
  view. 
 
  Without  covering,  save  yon  field  of  stars. 
  --Shak. 
 
  Ask  of  yonder  argent  fields  above.  --Pope. 
 
  5.  (Her.)  The  whole  surface  of  an  escutcheon;  also  so  much 
  of  it  is  shown  unconcealed  by  the  different  bearings  upon 
  it  See  Illust.  of  {Fess},  where  the  field  is  represented 
  as  gules  (red),  while  the  fess  is  argent  (silver). 
 
  6.  An  unresticted  or  favorable  opportunity  for  action 
  operation,  or  achievement;  province;  room 
 
  Afforded  a  clear  field  for  moral  experiments. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  7.  A  collective  term  for  all  the  competitors  in  any  outdoor 
  contest  or  trial,  or  for  all  except  the  favorites  in  the 
  betting. 
 
  8.  (Baseball)  That  part  of  the  grounds  reserved  for  the 
  players  which  is  outside  of  the  diamond;  --  called  also 
  {outfield}. 
 
  Note:  Field  is  often  used  adjectively  in  the  sense  of 
  belonging  to  or  used  in  the  fields;  especially  with 
  reference  to  the  operations  and  equipments  of  an  army 
  during  a  campaign  away  from  permanent  camps  and 
  fortifications.  In  most  cases  such  use  of  the  word  is 
  sufficiently  clear;  as  field  battery;  field 
  fortification;  field  gun;  field  hospital,  etc  A  field 
  geologist,  naturalist,  etc.,  is  one  who  makes 
  investigations  or  collections  out  of  doors.  A  survey 
  uses  a  field  book  for  recording  field  notes,  i.e., 
  measurment,  observations,  etc.,  made  in  field  work 
  (outdoor  operations).  A  farmer  or  planter  employs  field 
  hands,  and  may  use  a  field  roller  or  a  field  derrick. 
  Field  sports  are  hunting,  fishing,  athletic  games,  etc 
 
  {Coal  field}  (Geol.)  See  under  {Coal}. 
 
  {Field  artillery},  light  ordnance  mounted  on  wheels,  for  the 
  use  of  a  marching  army. 
 
  {Field  basil}  (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  Mint  family  ({Calamintha 
  Acinos});  --  called  also  {basil  thyme}. 
 
  {Field  colors}  (Mil.),  small  flags  for  marking  out  the 
  positions  for  squadrons  and  battalions;  camp  colors. 
 
  {Field  cricket}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  European  cricket 
  ({Gryllus  campestric}),  remarkable  for  its  loud  notes. 
 
  {Field  day}. 
  a  A  day  in  the  fields. 
  b  (Mil.)  A  day  when  troops  are  taken  into  the  field  for 
  instruction  in  evolutions.  --Farrow. 
  c  A  day  of  unusual  exertion  or  display;  a  gala  day 
 
  {Field  driver},  in  New  England,  an  officer  charged  with  the 
  driving  of  stray  cattle  to  the  pound. 
 
  {Field  duck}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  little  bustard  ({Otis  tetrax}), 
  found  in  Southern  Europe. 
 
  {Field  glass}.  (Optics) 
  a  A  binocular  telescope  of  compact  form  a  lorgnette;  a 
  race  glass. 
  b  A  small  achromatic  telescope,  from  20  to  24  inches 
  long,  and  having  3  to  6  draws. 
  c  See  {Field  lens}. 
 
  {Field  lark}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  skylark. 
  b  The  tree  pipit. 
 
  {Field  lens}  (Optics),  that  one  of  the  two  lenses  forming  the 
  eyepiece  of  an  astronomical  telescope  or  compound 
  microscope  which  is  nearer  the  object  glass;  --  called 
  also  {field  glass}. 
 
  {Field  madder}  (Bot.),  a  plant  ({Sherardia  arvensis})  used  in 
  dyeing. 
 
  {Field  marshal}  (Mil.),  the  highest  military  rank  conferred 
  in  the  British  and  other  European  armies. 
 
  {Field  mouse}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  mouse  inhabiting  fields,  as  the 
  campagnol  and  the  deer  mouse.  See  {Campagnol},  and  {Deer 
  mouse}. 
 
  {Field  officer}  (Mil.),  an  officer  above  the  rank  of  captain 
  and  below  that  of  general. 
 
  {Field  officer's  court}  (U.S.Army),  a  court-martial 
  consisting  of  one  field  officer  empowered  to  try  all 
  cases,  in  time  of  war,  subject  to  jurisdiction  of  garrison 
  and  regimental  courts.  --Farrow. 
 
  {Field  plover}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  black-bellied  plover 
  ({Charadrius  squatarola});  also  sometimes  applied  to  the 
  Bartramian  sandpiper  ({Bartramia  longicauda}). 
 
  {Field  spaniel}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  spaniel  used  in  hunting 
  small  game. 
 
  {Field  sparrow}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  A  small  American  sparrow  ({Spizella  pusilla}). 
  b  The  hedge  sparrow.  [Eng.] 
 
  {Field  staff}>  (Mil.),  a  staff  formerly  used  by  gunners  to 
  hold  a  lighted  match  for  discharging  a  gun. 
 
  {Field  vole}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  European  meadow  mouse. 
 
  {Field  of  ice},  a  large  body  of  floating  ice;  a  pack. 
 
  {Field},  or  {Field  of  view},  in  a  telescope  or  microscope, 
  the  entire  space  within  which  objects  are  seen. 
 
  {Field  magnet}.  see  under  {Magnet}. 
 
  {Magnetic  field}.  See  {Magnetic}. 
 
  {To  back  the  field},  or  {To  bet  on  the  field}.  See  under 
  {Back},  v.  t.  --  {To  keep  the  field}. 
  a  (Mil.)  To  continue  a  campaign. 
  b  To  maintain  one's  ground  against  all  comers. 
 
  {To}  {lay,  or  back},  {against  the  field},  to  bet  on  (a  horse, 
  etc.)  against  all  comers. 
 
  {To  take  the  field}  (Mil.),  to  enter  upon  a  campaign. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Field  \Field\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Fielded};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Fielding}.] 
  1.  To  take  the  field.  [Obs.]  --Spenser. 
 
  2.  (Ball  Playing)  To  stand  out  in  the  field,  ready  to  catch, 
  stop,  or  throw  the  ball. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Field  \Field\,  v.  t.  (Ball  Playing) 
  To  catch,  stop,  throw,  etc  (the  ball),  as  a  fielder. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gun  \Gun\,  n.  [OE.  gonne,  gunne;  of  uncertain  origin;  cf  Ir., 
  {Gael}.)  A  LL  gunna,  W.  gum;  possibly  (like  cannon)  fr  L. 
  canna  reed,  tube;  or  abbreviated  fr  OF  mangonnel,  E. 
  mangonel,  a  machine  for  hurling  stones.] 
  1.  A  weapon  which  throws  or  propels  a  missile  to  a  distance; 
  any  firearm  or  instrument  for  throwing  projectiles  by  the 
  explosion  of  gunpowder,  consisting  of  a  tube  or  barrel 
  closed  at  one  end  in  which  the  projectile  is  placed,  with 
  an  explosive  charge  behind,  which  is  ignited  by  various 
  means  Muskets,  rifles,  carbines,  and  fowling  pieces  are 
  smaller  guns,  for  hand  use  and  are  called  {small  arms}. 
  Larger  guns  are  called  {cannon},  {ordnance}, 
  {fieldpieces},  {carronades},  {howitzers},  etc  See  these 
  terms  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  As  swift  as  a  pellet  out  of  a  gunne  When  fire  is  in 
  the  powder  runne.  --Chaucer. 
 
  The  word  gun  was  in  use  in  England  for  an  engine  to 
  cast  a  thing  from  a  man  long  before  there  was  any 
  gunpowder  found  out  --Selden. 
 
  2.  (Mil.)  A  piece  of  heavy  ordnance;  in  a  restricted  sense  a 
  cannon. 
 
  3.  pl  (Naut.)  Violent  blasts  of  wind. 
 
  Note:  Guns  are  classified,  according  to  their  construction  or 
  manner  of  loading  as  {rifled}  or  {smoothbore}, 
  {breech-loading}  or  {muzzle-loading},  {cast}  or 
  {built-up  guns};  or  according  to  their  use  as  {field}, 
  {mountain},  {prairie},  {seacoast},  and  {siege  guns}. 
 
  {Armstrong  gun},  a  wrought  iron  breech-loading  cannon  named 
  after  its  English  inventor,  Sir  William  Armstrong. 
 
  {Great  gun},  a  piece  of  heavy  ordnance;  hence  (Fig.),  a 
  person  superior  in  any  way 
 
  {Gun  barrel},  the  barrel  or  tube  of  a  gun. 
 
  {Gun  carriage},  the  carriage  on  which  a  gun  is  mounted  or 
  moved 
 
  {Gun  cotton}  (Chem.),  a  general  name  for  a  series  of 
  explosive  nitric  ethers  of  cellulose,  obtained  by  steeping 
  cotton  in  nitric  and  sulphuric  acids.  Although  there  are 
  formed  substances  containing  nitric  acid  radicals,  yet  the 
  results  exactly  resemble  ordinary  cotton  in  appearance.  It 
  burns  without  ash,  with  explosion  if  confined,  but  quietly 
  and  harmlessly  if  free  and  open  and  in  small  quantity. 
  Specifically,  the  lower  nitrates  of  cellulose  which  are 
  insoluble  in  ether  and  alcohol  in  distinction  from  the 
  highest  (pyroxylin)  which  is  soluble.  See  {Pyroxylin},  and 
  cf  {Xyloidin}.  The  gun  cottons  are  used  for  blasting  and 
  somewhat  in  gunnery:  for  making  celluloid  when  compounded 
  with  camphor;  and  the  soluble  variety  (pyroxylin)  for 
  making  collodion.  See  {Celluloid},  and  {Collodion}.  Gun 
  cotton  is  frequenty  but  improperly  called  nitrocellulose. 
  It  is  not  a  nitro  compound,  but  an  ethereal  salt  of  nitric 
  acid. 
 
  {Gun  deck}.  See  under  {Deck}. 
 
  {Gun  fire},  the  time  at  which  the  morning  or  the  evening  gun 
  is  fired. 
 
  {Gun  metal},  a  bronze,  ordinarily  composed  of  nine  parts  of 
  copper  and  one  of  tin,  used  for  cannon,  etc  The  name  is 
  also  given  to  certain  strong  mixtures  of  cast  iron. 
 
  {Gun  port}  (Naut.),  an  opening  in  a  ship  through  which  a 
  cannon's  muzzle  is  run  out  for  firing. 
 
  {Gun  tackle}  (Naut.),  the  blocks  and  pulleys  affixed  to  the 
  side  of  a  ship,  by  which  a  gun  carriage  is  run  to  and  from 
  the  gun  port. 
 
  {Gun  tackle  purchase}  (Naut.),  a  tackle  composed  of  two 
  single  blocks  and  a  fall.  --Totten. 
 
  {Krupp  gun},  a  wrought  steel  breech-loading  cannon,  named 
  after  its  German  inventor,  Herr  Krupp. 
 
  {Machine  gun},  a  breech-loading  gun  or  a  group  of  such  guns, 
  mounted  on  a  carriage  or  other  holder,  and  having  a 
  reservoir  containing  cartridges  which  are  loaded  into  the 
  gun  or  guns  and  fired  in  rapid  succession,  sometimes  in 
  volleys,  by  machinery  operated  by  turning  a  crank.  Several 
  hundred  shots  can  be  fired  in  a  minute  with  accurate  aim 
  The  {Gatling  gun},  {Gardner  gun},  {Hotchkiss  gun},  and 
  {Nordenfelt  gun},  named  for  their  inventors,  and  the 
  French  {mitrailleuse},  are  machine  guns. 
 
  {To  blow  great  guns}  (Naut.),  to  blow  a  gale.  See  {Gun},  n., 
  3. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  field 
  n  1:  a  piece  of  land  cleared  of  trees  and  usually  enclosed;  "he 
  planted  a  field  of  wheat" 
  2:  a  region  where  a  battle  is  being  (or  has  been)  fought;  "they 
  made  a  tour  of  Civil  War  battlefields"  [syn:  {battlefield}, 
  {battleground},  {field  of  battle}] 
  3:  somewhere  (away  from  a  studio  or  office  or  library  or 
  laboratory)  where  practical  work  is  done  or  data  is 
  collected;  "anthropologists  do  much  of  their  work  in  the 
  field" 
  4:  a  branch  of  knowledge;  "in  what  discipline  is  his 
  doctorate?";  "teachers  should  be  well  trained  in  their 
  subject";  "anthropology  is  the  study  of  human  beings" 
  [syn:  {discipline},  {subject},  {subject  area},  {subject 
  field},  {field  of  study},  {study},  {branch  of  knowledge}] 
  5:  the  space  around  a  body  within  which  it  can  exert  force  on 
  another  similar  body  not  in  contact  with  it  [syn:  {field 
  of  force},  {force  field}] 
  6:  a  particular  kind  of  commercial  enterprise;  "they  are 
  outstanding  in  their  field"  [syn:  {field  of  operation},  {line 
  of  business}] 
  7:  a  particular  environment  or  walk  of  life;  "his  social  sphere 
  is  limited";  "it  was  a  closed  area  of  employment";  "he's 
  out  of  my  orbit"  [syn:  {sphere},  {domain},  {area},  {orbit}, 
  {arena}] 
  8:  a  piece  of  land  prepared  for  playing  a  game;  "the  home  crowd 
  cheered  when  Princeton  took  the  field"  [syn:  {playing 
  field},  {athletic  field},  {playing  area}] 
  9:  extensive  tract  of  level  open  land;  "they  emerged  from  the 
  woods  onto  a  vast  open  plain";  "he  longed  for  the  fields 
  of  his  youth"  [syn:  {plain},  {champaign}] 
  10:  a  set  of  elements  such  that  addition  and  multiplication  are 
  commutative  and  associative  and  multiplication  is 
  distributive  over  addition  and  there  are  two  elements  0 
  and  1;  "the  set  of  all  rational  numbers  is  a  field" 
  11:  a  region  in  which  military  operations  are  in  progress;  "the 
  army  was  in  the  field  awaiting  action" 
  12:  (horse  racing)  all  of  the  horses  in  a  particular  race 
  13:  all  the  competitors  in  a  particular  contest  or  sporting 
  event 
  14:  a  geographic  region  (land  or  sea)  under  which  something 
  valuable  is  found  "the  diamond  fields  of  South  Africa" 
  15:  the  area  that  is  visible  through  an  optical  instrument  [syn: 
  {field  of  view}] 
  16:  a  place  where  planes  take  off  and  land  [syn:  {airfield},  {landing 
  field},  {flying  field}] 
  v  1:  catch  or  pick  up  (balls)  in  baseball  or  cricket 
  2:  play  as  a  fielder,  in  baseball  or  cricket 
  3:  answer  adequately  or  successfully;  "The  lawyer  fileded  all 
  questions  from  the  press" 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  field 
 
    An  area  of  a  {database}  {record},  or 
  {graphical  user  interface}  {form},  into  which  a  particular 
  item  of  data  is  entered. 
 
  Example  usage:  "The  telephone  number  field  is  not  really  a 
  numerical  field",  "Why  do  we  need  a  four-digit  field  for  the 
  year?". 
 
  A  {database}  {column}  is  the  set  of  all  instances  of  a  given 
  field  from  all  records  in  a  {table}. 
 
  (1999-04-26) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Field 
  (Heb.  sadeh),  a  cultivated  field,  but  unenclosed.  It  is  applied 
  to  any  cultivated  ground  or  pasture  (Gen.  29:2;  31:4;  34:7),  or 
  tillage  (Gen.  37:7;  47:24).  It  is  also  applied  to  woodland  (Ps. 
  132:6)  or  mountain  top  (Judg.  9:32,  36;  2  Sam.  1:21).  It  denotes 
  sometimes  a  cultivated  region  as  opposed  to  the  wilderness  (Gen. 
  33:19;  36:35).  Unwalled  villages  or  scattered  houses  are  spoken 
  of  as  "in  the  fields"  (Deut.  28:3,  16;  Lev.  25:31;  Mark  6:36, 
  56).  The  "open  field"  is  a  place  remote  from  a  house  (Gen.  4:8; 
  Lev.  14:7,  53;  17:5).  Cultivated  land  of  any  extent  was  called  a 
  field  (Gen.  23:13,  17;  41:8;  Lev.  27:16;  Ruth  4:5;  Neh.  12:29). 
 




more about field