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cotton

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cotton


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cotton  \Cot"ton\  (k[o^]t"t'n),  n.  [F.  coton,  Sp  algodon  the 
  cotton  plant  and  its  wool,  coton  printed  cotton,  cloth,  fr 
  Ar  qutun  alqutun  cotton  wool.  Cf  {Acton},  {Hacqueton}.] 
  1.  A  soft,  downy  substance,  resembling  fine  wool,  consisting 
  of  the  unicellular  twisted  hairs  which  grow  on  the  seeds 
  of  the  cotton  plant.  Long-staple  cotton  has  a  fiber 
  sometimes  almost  two  inches  long;  short-staple,  from  two 
  thirds  of  an  inch  to  an  inch  and  a  half. 
 
  2.  The  cotton  plant.  See  {Cotten  plant},  below. 
 
  3.  Cloth  made  of  cotton. 
 
  Note:  Cotton  is  used  as  an  adjective  before  many  nouns  in  a 
  sense  which  commonly  needs  no  explanation;  as  cotton 
  bagging;  cotton  cloth;  cotton  goods;  cotton  industry; 
  cotton  mill;  cotton  spinning;  cotton  tick. 
 
  {Cotton  cambric}.  See  {Cambric},  n.,  2. 
 
  {Cotton  flannel},  the  manufactures'  name  for  a  heavy  cotton 
  fabric,  twilled,  and  with  a  long  plush  nap.  In  England  it 
  is  called  swan's-down  cotton,  or  Canton  flannel. 
 
  {Cotton  gin},  a  machine  to  separate  the  seeds  from  cotton, 
  invented  by  Eli  Whitney. 
 
  {Cotton  grass}  (Bot.),  a  genus  of  plants  ({Eriphorum})  of  the 
  Sedge  family,  having  delicate  capillary  bristles 
  surrounding  the  fruit  (seedlike  achenia),  which  elongate 
  at  maturity  and  resemble  tufts  of  cotton. 
 
  {Cotton  mouse}  (Zool.),  a  field  mouse  ({Hesperomys 
  gossypinus}),  injurious  to  cotton  crops. 
 
  {Cotton  plant}  (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  genus  {Gossypium},  of 
  several  species,  all  growing  in  warm  climates,  and  bearing 
  the  cotton  of  commerce.  The  common  species,  originally 
  Asiatic,  is  {G.  herbaceum}. 
 
  {Cotton  press},  a  building  and  machinery  in  which  cotton 
  bales  are  compressed  into  smaller  bulk  for  shipment;  a 
  press  for  baling  cotton. 
 
  {Cotton  rose}  (Bot.),  a  genus  of  composite  herbs  ({Filago}), 
  covered  with  a  white  substance  resembling  cotton. 
 
  {Cotton  scale}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  species  of  bark  louse 
  ({Pulvinaria  innumerabilis}),  which  does  great  damage  to 
  the  cotton  plant. 
 
  {Cotton  shrub}.  Same  as  Cotton  plant. 
 
  {Cotton  stainer}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  species  of  hemipterous  insect 
  ({Dysdercus  suturellus}),  which  seriously  damages  growing 
  cotton  by  staining  it  --  called  also  {redbug}. 
 
  {Cotton  thistle}  (Bot.),  the  Scotch  thistle.  See  under 
  {Thistle}. 
 
  {Cotton  velvet},  velvet  in  which  the  warp  and  woof  are  both 
  of  cotton,  and  the  pile  is  of  silk;  also  velvet  made 
  wholly  of  cotton. 
 
  {Cotton  waste},  the  refuse  of  cotton  mills. 
 
  {Cotton  wool},  cotton  in  its  raw  or  woolly  state. 
 
  {Cotton  worm}  (Zool.),  a  lepidopterous  insect  ({Aletia 
  argillacea}),  which  in  the  larval  state  does  great  damage 
  to  the  cotton  plant  by  eating  the  leaves.  It  also  feeds  on 
  corn,  etc.,  and  hence  is  often  called  {corn  worm},  and 
  {Southern  army  worm}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cotton  \Cot"ton\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  rise  with  a  regular  nap,  as  cloth  does  [Obs.] 
 
  It  cottons  well  it  can  not  choose  but  bear  A  pretty 
  nap.  --Family  of 
  Love. 
 
  2.  To  go  on  prosperously;  to  succeed.  [Obs.] 
 
  New  Hephestion  does  not  this  matter  cotton  as  I 
  would?  --Lyly. 
 
  3.  To  unite;  to  agree;  to  make  friends;  --  usually  followed 
  by  with  [Colloq.] 
 
  A  quarrel  will  end  in  one  of  you  being  turned  off 
  in  which  case  it  will  not  be  easy  to  cotton  with 
  another.  --Swift. 
 
  Didst  see  Frank,  how  the  old  goldsmith  cottoned  in 
  with  his  beggarly  companion?  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  4.  To  take  a  liking  to  to  stick  to  one  as  cotton;  --  used 
  with  to  [Slang] 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cotton 
  n  1:  silky  fibers  from  cotton  plants  in  their  raw  state  [syn:  {cotton 
  wool}] 
  2:  fabric  woven  from  cotton  fibers 
  3:  erect  bushy  mallow  plant  or  small  tree  bearing  bolls 
  containing  seeds  with  many  long  hairy  fibers  [syn:  {cotton 
  plant}] 
  4:  thread  made  of  cotton  fibers 
  v  :  take  a  liking  to  "cotton  to  something" 




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