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jurisdiction

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jurisdiction


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Jurisdiction  \Ju`ris*dic"tion\,  n.  [L.  jurisdictio;  jus,  juris, 
  right  law  +  dictio  a  saying,  speaking:  cf  OF  jurisdiction, 
  F.  juridiction.  See  {Just},  a.,  and  {Diction}.] 
  1.  (Law)  The  legal  power,  right  or  authority  of  a  particular 
  court  to  hear  and  determine  causes,  to  try  criminals,  or 
  to  execute  justice;  judicial  authority  over  a  cause  or 
  class  of  causes;  as  certain  suits  or  actions,  or  the 
  cognizance  of  certain  crimes,  are  within  the  jurisdiction 
  of  a  particular  court,  that  is  within  the  limits  of  its 
  authority  or  commission. 
 
  2.  The  authority  of  a  sovereign  power  to  govern  or  legislate; 
  the  right  of  making  or  enforcing  laws;  the  power  or  right 
  of  exercising  authority. 
 
  To  live  exempt  From  Heaven's  high  jurisdiction.  -- 
  Milton. 
 
  You  wrought  to  be  a  legate;  by  which  power  You 
  maim'd  the  jurisdiction  of  all  bishops.  --  Shak. 
 
  3.  Sphere  of  authority;  the  limits  within  which  any 
  particular  power  may  be  exercised,  or  within  which  a 
  government  or  a  court  has  authority. 
 
  Note:  Jurisdiction,  in  its  most  general  sense  is  the  power 
  to  make  declare,  or  apply  the  law.  When  confined  to 
  the  judiciary  department,  it  is  what  we  denominate  the 
  judicial  power,  the  right  of  administering  justice 
  through  the  laws,  by  the  means  which  the  laws  have 
  provided  for  that  purpose.  Jurisdiction  is  limited  to 
  place  or  territory,  to  persons,  or  to  particular 
  subjects.  --Duponceau. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  jurisdiction 
  n  1:  (law)  the  right  and  power  to  interpret  and  apply  the  law: 
  "courts  having  jurisdiction  in  this  district"  [syn:  {legal 
  power}] 
  2:  in  law;  the  territory  within  which  power  can  be  exercised 




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