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run


  10  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Run  \Run\,  v.  i.  [imp.  {Ran}or  {Run};  p.  p.  {Run};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Running}.]  [OE.  rinnen,  rennen  (imp.  ran,  p.  p.  runnen, 
  ronnen).  AS  rinnan  to  flow  (imp.  ran,  p.  p.  gerunnen),  and 
  iernan  irnan,  to  run  (imp.  orn,  arn,  earn,  p.  p.  urnen); 
  akin  to  D.  runnen,  rennen,  OS  &  OHG.  rinnan,  G.  rinnen, 
  rennen,  Icel.  renna,  rinna,  Sw  rinna,  r["a]nna,  Dan.  rinde, 
  rende,  Goth.  rinnan,  and  perh.  to  L.  oriri  to  rise,  Gr  ?  to 
  stir  up  rouse,  Skr.  ?  (cf.  {Origin}),  or  perh.  to  L.  rivus 
  brook  (cf.  {Rival}).  [root]11.  Cf  {Ember},  a.,  {Rennet}.] 
  1.  To  move  proceed,  advance,  pass,  go  come  etc.,  swiftly, 
  smoothly,  or  with  quick  action  --  said  of  things  animate 
  or  inanimate.  Hence  to  flow,  glide,  or  roll  onward,  as  a 
  stream,  a  snake,  a  wagon,  etc.;  to  move  by  quicker  action 
  than  in  walking,  as  a  person,  a  horse,  a  dog. 
  Specifically: 
 
  2.  Of  voluntary  or  personal  action: 
  a  To  go  swiftly;  to  pass  at  a  swift  pace;  to  hasten. 
 
  ``Ha,  ha  the  fox!''  and  after  him  they  ran. 
  --Chaucer. 
  b  To  flee,  as  from  fear  or  danger. 
 
  As  from  a  bear  a  man  would  run  for  life.  --Shak. 
  c  To  steal  off  to  depart  secretly. 
 
  My  conscience  will  serve  me  to  run  from  this 
  jew.  --Shak. 
  d  To  contend  in  a  race;  hence  to  enter  into  a  contest; 
  to  become  a  candidate;  as  to  run  for  Congress. 
 
  Know  ye  not  that  they  which  run  in  a  race  run 
  all  but  one  receiveth  the  prize?  So  run,  that 
  ye  may  obtain.  --1  Cor.  ix 
  24. 
  e  To  pass  from  one  state  or  condition  to  another;  to 
  come  into  a  certain  condition;  --  often  with  in  or 
  into  as  to  run  into  evil  practices;  to  run  in  debt. 
 
  Have  I  not  cause  to  rave  and  beat  my  breast,  to 
  rend  my  heart  with  grief  and  run  distracted? 
  --Addison. 
  f  To  exert  continuous  activity;  to  proceed;  as  to  run 
  through  life;  to  run  in  a  circle. 
  g  To  pass  or  go  quickly  in  thought  or  conversation;  as 
  to  run  from  one  subject  to  another. 
 
  Virgil,  in  his  first  Georgic,  has  run  into  a  set 
  of  precepts  foreign  to  his  subject.  --Addison. 
  h  To  discuss;  to  continue  to  think  or  speak  about 
  something  --  with  on 
  i  To  make  numerous  drafts  or  demands  for  payment,  as 
  upon  a  bank;  --  with  on 
  j  To  creep,  as  serpents. 
 
  3.  Of  involuntary  motion: 
  a  To  flow,  as  a  liquid;  to  ascend  or  descend;  to  course; 
  as  rivers  run  to  the  sea;  sap  runs  up  in  the  spring; 
  her  blood  ran  cold. 
  b  To  proceed  along  a  surface;  to  extend;  to  spread. 
 
  The  fire  ran  along  upon  the  ground.  --Ex.  ix 
  23. 
  c  To  become  fluid;  to  melt;  to  fuse. 
 
  As  wax  dissolves,  as  ice  begins  to  run. 
  --Addison. 
 
  Sussex  iron  ores  run  freely  in  the  fire. 
  --Woodward. 
  d  To  turn,  as  a  wheel;  to  revolve  on  an  axis  or  pivot; 
  as  a  wheel  runs  swiftly  round. 
  e  To  travel;  to  make  progress;  to  be  moved  by  mechanical 
  means  to  go  as  the  steamboat  runs  regularly  to 
  Albany;  the  train  runs  to  Chicago. 
  f  To  extend;  to  reach;  as  the  road  runs  from 
  Philadelphia  to  New  York;  the  memory  of  man  runneth 
  not  to  the  contrary. 
 
  She  saw  with  joy  the  line  immortal  run,  Each 
  sire  impressed,  and  glaring  in  his  son.  --Pope. 
  g  To  go  back  and  forth  from  place  to  place  to  ply;  as 
  the  stage  runs  between  the  hotel  and  the  station. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Run  \Run\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  cause  to  run  (in  the  various  senses  of  {Run},  v.  i.); 
  as  to  run  a  horse;  to  run  a  stage;  to  run  a  machine;  to 
  run  a  rope  through  a  block. 
 
  2.  To  pursue  in  thought;  to  carry  in  contemplation. 
 
  To  run  the  world  back  to  its  first  original. 
  --South. 
 
  I  would  gladly  understand  the  formation  of  a  soul, 
  and  run  it  up  to  its  ``punctum  saliens.''  --Collier. 
 
  3.  To  cause  to  enter  to  thrust;  as  to  run  a  sword  into  or 
  through  the  body;  to  run  a  nail  into  the  foot. 
 
  You  run  your  head  into  the  lion's  mouth.  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  Having  run  his  fingers  through  his  hair.  --Dickens. 
 
  4.  To  drive  or  force;  to  cause  or  permit,  to  be  driven. 
 
  They  ran  the  ship  aground.  --Acts  xxvii. 
  41. 
 
  A  talkative  person  runs  himself  upon  great 
  inconveniences  by  blabbing  out  his  own  or  other's 
  secrets.  --Ray. 
 
  Others  accustomed  to  retired  speculations,  run 
  natural  philosophy  into  metaphysical  notions. 
  --Locke. 
 
  5.  To  fuse;  to  shape;  to  mold;  to  cast;  as  to  run  bullets, 
  and  the  like 
 
  The  purest  gold  must  be  run  and  washed.  --Felton. 
 
  6.  To  cause  to  be  drawn;  to  mark  out  to  indicate;  to 
  determine;  as  to  run  a  line 
 
  7.  To  cause  to  pass,  or  evade,  offical  restrictions;  to 
  smuggle;  --  said  of  contraband  or  dutiable  goods. 
 
  Heavy  impositions  .  .  .  are  a  strong  temptation  of 
  running  goods.  --Swift. 
 
  8.  To  go  through  or  accomplish  by  running;  as  to  run  a  race; 
  to  run  a  certain  career. 
 
  9.  To  cause  to  stand  as  a  candidate  for  office;  to  support 
  for  office;  as  to  run  some  one  for  Congress.  [Colloq. 
  U.S.] 
 
  10.  To  encounter  or  incur,  as  a  danger  or  risk;  as  to  run 
  the  risk  of  losing  one's  life.  See  To  run  the  chances, 
  below.  ``He  runneth  two  dangers.''  --Bacon. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Run  \Run\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  of  running;  as  a  long  run;  a  good  run;  a  quick 
  run;  to  go  on  the  run. 
 
  2.  A  small  stream;  a  brook;  a  creek. 
 
  3.  That  which  runs  or  flows  in  the  course  of  a  certain 
  operation,  or  during  a  certain  time;  as  a  run  of  must  in 
  wine  making;  the  first  run  of  sap  in  a  maple  orchard. 
 
  4.  A  course;  a  series;  that  which  continues  in  a  certain 
  course  or  series;  as  a  run  of  good  or  bad  luck. 
 
  They  who  made  their  arrangements  in  the  first  run  of 
  misadventure  .  .  .  put  a  seal  on  their  calamities. 
  --Burke. 
 
  5.  State  of  being  current;  currency;  popularity. 
 
  It  is  impossible  for  detached  papers  to  have  a 
  general  run,  or  long  continuance,  if  not  diversified 
  with  humor.  --Addison. 
 
  6.  Continued  repetition  on  the  stage;  --  said  of  a  play;  as 
  to  have  a  run  of  a  hundred  successive  nights. 
 
  A  canting,  mawkish  play  .  .  .  had  an  immense  run. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  7.  A  continuing  urgent  demand;  especially,  a  pressure  on  a 
  bank  or  treasury  for  payment  of  its  notes. 
 
  8.  A  range  or  extent  of  ground  for  feeding  stock;  as  a  sheep 
  run.  --Howitt. 
 
  9.  (Naut.) 
  a  The  aftermost  part  of  a  vessel's  hull  where  it  narrows 
  toward  the  stern,  under  the  quarter. 
  b  The  distance  sailed  by  a  ship;  as  a  good  run;  a  run 
  of  fifty  miles. 
  c  A  voyage;  as  a  run  to  China. 
 
  10.  A  pleasure  excursion;  a  trip.  [Colloq.] 
 
  I  think  of  giving  her  a  run  in  London.  --Dickens. 
 
  11.  (Mining)  The  horizontal  distance  to  which  a  drift  may  be 
  carried,  either  by  license  of  the  proprietor  of  a  mine  or 
  by  the  nature  of  the  formation;  also  the  direction  which 
  a  vein  of  ore  or  other  substance  takes 
 
  12.  (Mus.)  A  roulade,  or  series  of  running  tones. 
 
  13.  (Mil.)  The  greatest  degree  of  swiftness  in  marching.  It 
  is  executed  upon  the  same  principles  as  the  double-quick, 
  but  with  greater  speed. 
 
  14.  The  act  of  migrating,  or  ascending  a  river  to  spawn;  -- 
  said  of  fish;  also  an  assemblage  or  school  of  fishes 
  which  migrate,  or  ascend  a  river  for  the  purpose  of 
  spawning. 
 
  15.  In  baseball,  a  complete  circuit  of  the  bases  made  by  a 
  player,  which  enables  him  to  score  one  in  cricket,  a 
  passing  from  one  wicket  to  the  other  by  which  one  point 
  is  scored;  as  a  player  made  three  runs;  the  side  went 
  out  with  two  hundred  runs. 
 
  The  ``runs''  are  made  from  wicket  to  wicket,  the 
  batsmen  interchanging  ends  at  each  run.  --R.  A. 
  Proctor. 
 
  16.  A  pair  or  set  of  millstones. 
 
  {At  the  long  run},  now  commonly,  {In  the  long  run},  in  or 
  during  the  whole  process  or  course  of  things  taken 
  together;  in  the  final  result;  in  the  end  finally. 
 
  [Man]  starts  the  inferior  of  the  brute  animals,  but 
  he  surpasses  them  in  the  long  run.  --J.  H. 
  Newman. 
 
  {Home  run}. 
  a  A  running  or  returning  toward  home,  or  to  the  point 
  from  which  the  start  was  made  Cf  {Home  stretch}. 
  b  (Baseball)  See  under  {Home}. 
 
  {The  run},  or  {The  common  run},  etc.,  ordinary  persons;  the 
  generality  or  average  of  people  or  things  also  that 
  which  ordinarily  occurs;  ordinary  current,  course,  or 
  kind 
 
  I  saw  nothing  else  that  is  superior  to  the  common 
  run  of  parks.  --Walpole. 
 
  Burns  never  dreamed  of  looking  down  on  others  as 
  beneath  him  merely  because  he  was  conscious  of  his 
  own  vast  superiority  to  the  common  run  of  men. 
  --Prof. 
  Wilson. 
 
  His  whole  appearance  was  something  out  of  the  common 
  run.  --W.  Irving. 
 
  {To  let  go  by  the  run}  (Naut.),  to  loosen  and  let  run  freely, 
  as  lines;  to  let  fall  without  restraint,  as  a  sail. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Run  \Run\,  a. 
  1.  Melted,  or  made  from  molten  material;  cast  in  a  mold;  as 
  run  butter;  run  iron  or  lead. 
 
  2.  Smuggled;  as  run  goods.  [Colloq.]  --Miss  Edgeworth. 
 
  {Run  steel},  malleable  iron  castings.  See  under  {Malleable}. 
  --Raymond. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Run  \Run\,  v.  t.  (Golf) 
  To  strike  (the  ball)  in  such  a  way  as  to  cause  it  to  run 
  along  the  ground,  as  when  approaching  a  hole. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Rule  \Rule\,  n. 
 
  {Rule  of  the  road}  (Law),  any  of  the  various  regulations 
  imposed  upon  travelers  by  land  or  water  for  their  mutual 
  convenience  or  safety.  In  the  United  States  it  is  a  rule 
  of  the  road  that  land  travelers  passing  in  opposite 
  directions  shall  turn  out  each  to  his  own  right  and 
  generally  that  overtaking  persons  or  vehicles  shall  turn 
  out  to  the  left  in  England  the  rule  for  vehicles  (but  not 
  for  pedestrians)  is  the  opposite  of  this  Run  \Run\,  n. 
  1.  (Piquet,  Cribbage,  etc.)  A  number  of  cards  of  the  same 
  suit  in  sequence;  as  a  run  of  four  in  hearts. 
 
  2.  (Golf) 
  a  The  movement  communicated  to  a  golf  ball  by  running. 
  b  The  distance  a  ball  travels  after  touching  the  ground 
  from  a  stroke. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  {Time  bill}.  Same  as  {Time-table}.  [Eng.] 
 
  {Time  book},  a  book  in  which  is  kept  a  record  of  the  time 
  persons  have  worked 
 
  {Time  detector},  a  timepiece  provided  with  a  device  for 
  registering  and  indicating  the  exact  time  when  a  watchman 
  visits  certain  stations  in  his  beat 
 
  {Time  enough},  in  season;  early  enough.  ``Stanly  at  Bosworth 
  field,  .  .  .  came  time  enough  to  save  his  life.''  --Bacon. 
 
  {Time  fuse},  a  fuse,  as  for  an  explosive  projectile,  which 
  can  be  so  arranged  as  to  ignite  the  charge  at  a  certain 
  definite  interval  after  being  itself  ignited. 
 
  {Time  immemorial},  or  {Time  out  of  mind}.  (Eng.  Law)  See 
  under  {Immemorial}. 
 
  {Time  lock},  a  lock  having  clockwork  attached,  which  when 
  wound  up  prevents  the  bolt  from  being  withdrawn  when 
  locked,  until  a  certain  interval  of  time  has  elapsed. 
 
  {Time  of  day},  salutation  appropriate  to  the  times  of  the 
  day  as  ``good  morning,''  ``good  evening,''  and  the  like 
  greeting. 
 
  {To  kill  time}.  See  under  {Kill},  v.  t. 
 
  {To  make  time}. 
  a  To  gain  time. 
  b  To  occupy  or  use  (a  certain)  time  in  doing  something 
  as  the  trotting  horse  made  fast  time. 
 
  {To  move},  {run},  or  {go},  {against  time},  to  move  run,  or 
  go  a  given  distance  without  a  competitor,  in  the  quickest 
  possible  time;  or  to  accomplish  the  greatest  distance 
  which  can  be  passed  over  in  a  given  time;  as  the  horse  is 
  to  run  against  time. 
 
  {True  time}. 
  a  Mean  time  as  kept  by  a  clock  going  uniformly. 
  b  (Astron.)  Apparent  time  as  reckoned  from  the  transit 
  of  the  sun's  center  over  the  meridian. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  All  fours  \All`  fours"\  [formerly,  {All`  four"}.] 
  All  four  legs  of  a  quadruped;  or  the  two  legs  and  two  arms  of 
  a  person. 
 
  {To  be},  {go},  or  {run},  {on  all  fours}  (Fig.),  to  be  on  the 
  same  footing;  to  correspond  with  exactly;  to  be  alike  in 
  all  the  circumstances  to  be  considered.  ``This  example  is 
  on  all  fours  with  the  other.''  ``No  simile  can  go  on  all 
  fours.''  --Macaulay. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  run 
  n  1:  a  score  in  baseball  made  by  a  runner  touching  all  four  bases 
  safely;  "the  Yankees  scored  3  runs  in  the  bottom  of  the 
  9th"  or  "their  first  tally  came  in  the  3rd  inning"  [syn: 
  {tally}] 
  2:  the  act  of  testing  something  "in  the  experimental  trials 
  the  amount  of  carbon  was  measured  separately";  "he  called 
  each  flip  of  the  coin  a  new  trial"  [syn:  {test},  {trial}] 
  3:  a  race  run  on  foot;  "she  broke  the  record  for  the  half-mile 
  run"  [syn:  {footrace},  {foot  race}] 
  4:  an  unbroken  series  of  events:  "a  succession  of  failures"; 
  "had  a  streak  of  bad  luck";  "Nicklaus  had  a  run  of 
  birdies"  [syn:  {streak}] 
  5:  a  football  play  in  which  a  player  runs  with  the  ball;  "the 
  defensive  line  braced  to  stop  the  run";  "the  coach  put 
  great  emphasis  on  running"  [syn:  {running},  {running  play}, 
  {running  game}] 
  6:  a  regular  trip;  "the  ship  made  its  run  in  record  time" 
  7:  the  act  of  running;  traveling  on  foot  at  a  fast  pace;  "he 
  broke  into  a  run";  "his  daily  run  keeps  him  fit"  [syn:  {running}] 
  8:  a  small  stream  [syn:  {rivulet},  {rill},  {runnel},  {streamlet}] 
  9:  a  row  of  unravelled  stitches;  "she  got  a  run  in  her 
  stocking"  [syn:  {ladder},  {ravel}] 
  10:  the  pouring  forth  of  a  fluid  [syn:  {discharge},  {outpouring}] 
  11:  a  short  trip;  "take  a  run  into  town" 
  v  1:  move  fast  by  using  one's  feet,  with  one  foot  off  the  ground 
  at  any  given  time 
  2:  take  to  one's  heels;  cut  and  run  [syn:  {scarper},  {turn  tail}, 
  {lam},  {run  away},  {bunk},  {break  away}] 
  3:  stretch  out  over  a  distance,  space,  time,  or  scope;  run  or 
  extend  between  two  points  or  beyond  a  certain  point; 
  "Service  runs  all  the  way  to  Cranbury";  "His  knowledge 
  doesn't  go  very  far";  "My  memory  extends  back  to  my  fourth 
  year  of  life";  "The  facts  extend  beyond  a  consideration  of 
  her  personal  assets"  [syn:  {go},  {pass},  {lead},  {extend}] 
  4:  direct  or  control;  of  machinery,  projects,  businesses,  etc 
  [syn:  {operate}] 
  5:  have  a  particular  form  "the  story  or  argument  runs....", 
  "as  the  saying  goes..."  [syn:  {go}] 
  6:  move  along  of  liquids;  "Water  flowed  into  the  cave"  [syn:  {flow}, 
  {course}] 
  7:  function  properly;  "The  washing  machine  won't  go  unless  it's 
  plugged  in"  [syn:  {function},  {work},  {operate},  {go}] 
  [ant:  {malfunction}] 
  8:  change  or  be  different  within  limits;  "Estimates  for  the 
  losses  in  the  earthquake  range  as  high  as  $2  billion"; 
  "Interest  rates  run  from  5  to  10  percent";  "The 
  instruments  ranged  from  tuba  to  cymbals";  My  students 
  range  from  very  bright  to  dull"  [syn:  {range}] 
  9:  run  or  stand  for  office  [syn:  {campaign}] 
  10:  cause  to  be  played:  "They  ran  the  tapes  over  and  over  again" 
  [syn:  {play}] 
  11:  move  about  freely  and  without  restraint,  or  act  as  if 
  running  around  in  an  uncontrolled  way  "who  are  these 
  people  running  around  in  the  building?"  "She  runs  around 
  telling  everyone  of  her  troubles" 
  12:  have  a  tendency  or  disposition  to  do  or  be  something  be 
  inclined;  "She  tends  to  be  nervous  before  her  lectures" 
  [syn:  {tend},  {lean},  {incline}] 
  13:  be  running  or  functioning,  as  of  engines  or  machines;  "Is 
  the  computer  running?"  [ant:  {idle}] 
  14:  change  from  one  state  to  another;  "run  amok";  "run  rogue", 
  "run  riot" 
  15:  cause  to  perform;  "run  a  subject";  "run  a  process" 
  16:  be  affected  by  be  subjected  to  as  in  "run  a  temperature," 
  "run  a  risk" 
  17:  cease  to  exist  after  resistance  or  a  struggle;  "These 
  stories  die  hard"  [syn:  {prevail},  {persist},  {die  hard}, 
  {endure}] 
  18:  occur  persistently;  "Musical  talent  runs  in  the  family" 
  19:  execute  a  program  or  process,  as  on  a  computer  or  a  machine; 
  "Run  the  dishwasher";  "run  a  new  program  on  the  Mac" 
  20:  include  as  the  content;  broadcast  or  publicize;  "We  ran  the 
  ad  three  times";  "This  paper  carries  a  restaurant 
  review";  "All  major  networks  carried  the  press 
  conference"  [syn:  {carry}] 
  21:  carry  out  "run  an  errand" 
  22:  guide  or  pass  over  something  "He  ran  his  eyes  over  her 
  naked  body."  "She  ran  her  fingers  along  the  carved 
  figurine."  [syn:  {guide},  {pass}] 
  23:  cause  something  to  pass  or  lead  somewhere;  "Run  the  wire 
  behind  the  cabinet"  [syn:  {lead}] 
  24:  make  without  a  miss;  in  sports  or  games 
  25:  deal  in  illegally,  such  as  arms  or  liquor  [syn:  {black 
  market}] 
  26:  cause  an  animal  to  move  fast 
  27:  be  diffused;  of  dyes  and  colors  [syn:  {bleed}] 
  28:  sail  before  the  wind 
  29:  cover  by  running;  run  a  certain  distance;  "She  ran  10  miles 
  that  day" 
  30:  extend  or  continue  for  a  certain  period  of  time;  "The  film 
  runs  5  hours"  [syn:  {run  for}] 
  31:  set  animals  loose  to  graze 
  32:  keep  company;  of  male  animals  [syn:  {consort}] 
  33:  run  with  the  ball;  in  football 
  34:  travel  a  route  regularly;  "Ships  ply  the  waters  near  the 
  coast"  [syn:  {ply}] 
  35:  physical  or  metaphorical,  as  in  "She  rammed  her  mind  into 
  focus"  [syn:  {force},  {drive},  {ram}] 
  36:  hunt  wild  animals;  "Goering  often  hunted  wild  boars  in 
  Poland"  [syn:  {hunt},  {hunt  down},  {track  down}] 
  37:  compete  in  a  race,  as  in  athletics  [syn:  {race}] 
  38:  be  in  the  running;  compete  for  a  certain  position;  "Who's 
  running  this  year?" 
  39:  progress  by  being  changed:  "The  speech  has  to  go  through 
  several  more  drafts";  "run  through  your  presentation 
  before  the  meeting"  [syn:  {move},  {go}] 
  40:  reduce  from  a  solid  to  a  liquid  state,  usually  by  heating; 
  "melt  butter";  "melt  down  gold"  [syn:  {melt},  {melt  down}] 
  41:  come  unraveled  or  undone  as  if  by  snagging,  of  stockings; 
  "Her  nylons  were  running"  [syn:  {ladder}] 
  42:  become  undone,  as  of  clothes  such  as  knitted  fabrics;  "the 
  sweater  unraveled"  [syn:  {unravel}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  run 
 
  {execution} 
 
 




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