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heart

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heart


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heart  \Heart\,  n.  [OE.  harte,  herte,  heorte,  AS  heorte;  akin  to 
  OS  herta,  OFies  hirte,  D.  hart,  OHG.  herza,  G.  herz,  Icel. 
  hjarta  Sw  hjerta  Goth.  ha['i]rt?,  Lith.  szirdis  Russ. 
  serdtse  Ir  cridhe  L.  cor,  Gr  ?,  ?  ????.  Cf  {Accord}, 
  {Discord},  {Cordial},  4th  {Core},  {Courage}.] 
  1.  (Anat.)  A  hollow,  muscular  organ,  which  by  contracting 
  rhythmically,  keeps  up  the  circulation  of  the  blood. 
 
  Why  does  my  blood  thus  muster  to  my  heart!  --Shak. 
 
  Note:  In  adult  mammals  and  birds,  the  heart  is 
  four-chambered,  the  right  auricle  and  ventricle  being 
  completely  separated  from  the  left  auricle  and 
  ventricle;  and  the  blood  flows  from  the  systematic 
  veins  to  the  right  auricle,  thence  to  the  right 
  ventricle,  from  which  it  is  forced  to  the  lungs,  then 
  returned  to  the  left  auricle,  thence  passes  to  the  left 
  ventricle,  from  which  it  is  driven  into  the  systematic 
  arteries.  See  Illust.  under  {Aorta}.  In  fishes  there 
  are  but  one  auricle  and  one  ventricle,  the  blood  being 
  pumped  from  the  ventricle  through  the  gills  to  the 
  system,  and  thence  returned  to  the  auricle.  In  most 
  amphibians  and  reptiles,  the  separation  of  the  auricles 
  is  partial  or  complete,  and  in  reptiles  the  ventricles 
  also  are  separated  more  or  less  completely.  The 
  so-called  lymph  hearts,  found  in  many  amphibians, 
  reptiles,  and  birds,  are  contractile  sacs,  which  pump 
  the  lymph  into  the  veins. 
 
  2.  The  seat  of  the  affections  or  sensibilities,  collectively 
  or  separately,  as  love,  hate,  joy,  grief,  courage,  and  the 
  like  rarely,  the  seat  of  the  understanding  or  will  -- 
  usually  in  a  good  sense  when  no  epithet  is  expressed;  the 
  better  or  lovelier  part  of  our  nature;  the  spring  of  all 
  our  actions  and  purposes;  the  seat  of  moral  life  and 
  character;  the  moral  affections  and  character  itself  the 
  individual  disposition  and  character;  as  a  good,  tender, 
  loving,  bad  hard,  or  selfish  heart. 
 
  Hearts  are  dust,  hearts'  loves  remain.  --Emerson. 
 
  3.  The  nearest  the  middle  or  center;  the  part  most  hidden  and 
  within;  the  inmost  or  most  essential  part  of  any  body  or 
  system;  the  source  of  life  and  motion  in  any  organization; 
  the  chief  or  vital  portion;  the  center  of  activity,  or  of 
  energetic  or  efficient  action  as  the  heart  of  a  country, 
  of  a  tree,  etc 
 
  Exploits  done  in  the  heart  of  France.  --Shak. 
 
  Peace  subsisting  at  the  heart  Of  endless  agitation. 
  --Wordsworth. 
 
  4.  Courage;  courageous  purpose;  spirit. 
 
  Eve,  recovering  heart,  replied.  --Milton. 
 
  The  expelled  nations  take  heart,  and  when  they  fly 
  from  one  country  invade  another.  --Sir  W. 
  Temple. 
 
  5.  Vigorous  and  efficient  activity;  power  of  fertile 
  production;  condition  of  the  soil,  whether  good  or  bad 
 
  That  the  spent  earth  may  gather  heart  again 
  --Dryden. 
 
  6.  That  which  resembles  a  heart  in  shape;  especially,  a 
  roundish  or  oval  figure  or  object  having  an  obtuse  point 
  at  one  end  and  at  the  other  a  corresponding  indentation, 
  --  used  as  a  symbol  or  representative  of  the  heart. 
 
  7.  One  of  a  series  of  playing  cards,  distinguished  by  the 
  figure  or  figures  of  a  heart;  as  hearts  are  trumps. 
 
  8.  Vital  part  secret  meaning;  real  intention. 
 
  And  then  show  you  the  heart  of  my  message.  --Shak. 
 
  9.  A  term  of  affectionate  or  kindly  and  familiar  address.  ``I 
  speak  to  thee,  my  heart.''  --Shak. 
 
  Note:  Heart  is  used  in  many  compounds,  the  most  of  which  need 
  no  special  explanation;  as  heart-appalling, 
  heart-breaking,  heart-cheering,  heart-chilled, 
  heart-expanding,  heart-free,  heart-hardened, 
  heart-heavy,  heart-purifying,  heart-searching, 
  heart-sickening,  heart-sinking,  heart-stirring, 
  heart-touching,  heart-wearing,  heart-whole, 
  heart-wounding,  heart-wringing,  etc 
 
  {After  one's  own  heart},  conforming  with  one's  inmost 
  approval  and  desire;  as  a  friend  after  my  own  heart. 
 
  The  Lord  hath  sought  him  a  man  after  his  own  heart. 
  --1  Sam.  xiii. 
  14. 
 
  {At  heart},  in  the  inmost  character  or  disposition;  at 
  bottom;  really;  as  he  is  at  heart  a  good  man. 
 
  {By  heart},  in  the  closest  or  most  thorough  manner;  as  to 
  know  or  learn  by  heart.  ``Composing  songs,  for  fools  to 
  get  by  heart''  (that  is  to  commit  to  memory,  or  to  learn 
  thoroughly).  --Pope. 
 
  {For  my  heart},  for  my  life;  if  my  life  were  at  stake.  [Obs.] 
  ``I  could  not  get  him  for  my  heart  to  do  it.''  --Shak. 
 
  {Heart  bond}  (Masonry),  a  bond  in  which  no  header  stone 
  stretches  across  the  wall,  but  two  headers  meet  in  the 
  middle,  and  their  joint  is  covered  by  another  stone  laid 
  header  fashion.  --Knight. 
 
  {Heart  and  hand},  with  enthusiastic  co["o]peration. 
 
  {Heart  hardness},  hardness  of  heart;  callousness  of  feeling; 
  moral  insensibility.  --Shak. 
 
  {Heart  heaviness},  depression  of  spirits.  --Shak. 
 
  {Heart  point}  (Her.),  the  fess  point.  See  {Escutcheon}. 
 
  {Heart  rising},  a  rising  of  the  heart,  as  in  opposition. 
 
  {Heart  shell}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  marine,  bivalve  shell  of  the 
  genus  {Cardium}  and  allied  genera,  having  a  heart-shaped 
  shell;  esp.,  the  European  {Isocardia  cor};  --  called  also 
  {heart  cockle}. 
 
  {Heart  sickness},  extreme  depression  of  spirits. 
 
  {Heart  and  soul},  with  the  utmost  earnestness. 
 
  {Heart  urchin}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  heartshaped,  spatangoid  sea 
  urchin.  See  {Spatangoid}. 
 
  {Heart  wheel},  a  form  of  cam,  shaped  like  a  heart.  See  {Cam}. 
 
 
  {In  good  heart},  in  good  courage;  in  good  hope. 
 
  {Out  of  heart},  discouraged. 
 
  {Poor  heart},  an  exclamation  of  pity. 
 
  {To  break  the  heart  of}. 
  a  To  bring  to  despair  or  hopeless  grief;  to  cause  to  be 
  utterly  cast  down  by  sorrow. 
  b  To  bring  almost  to  completion;  to  finish  very  nearly; 
  --  said  of  anything  undertaken;  as  he  has  broken  the 
  heart  of  the  task. 
 
  {To  find  in  the  heart},  to  be  willing  or  disposed.  ``I  could 
  find  in  my  heart  to  ask  your  pardon.''  --Sir  P.  Sidney. 
 
  {To  have  at  heart},  to  desire  anything  earnestly. 
 
  {To  have  in  the  heart},  to  purpose;  to  design  or  intend  to 
  do 
 
  {To  have  the  heart  in  the  mouth},  to  be  much  frightened. 
 
  {To  lose  heart},  to  become  discouraged. 
 
  {To  lose  one's  heart},  to  fall  in  love. 
 
  {To  set  the  heart  at  rest},  to  put  one's  self  at  ease. 
 
  {To  set  the  heart  upon},  to  fix  the  desires  on  to  long  for 
  earnestly;  to  be  very  fond  of 
 
  {To  take  heart  of  grace},  to  take  courage. 
 
  {To  take  to  heart},  to  grieve  over 
 
  {To  wear  one's  heart  upon  one's  sleeve},  to  expose  one's 
  feelings  or  intentions;  to  be  frank  or  impulsive. 
 
  {With  all  one's  whole  heart},  very  earnestly;  fully; 
  completely;  devotedly. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heart  \Heart\,  v.  t. 
  To  give  heart  to  to  hearten;  to  encourage;  to  inspirit. 
  [Obs.] 
 
  My  cause  is  hearted;  thine  hath  no  less  reason.  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heart  \Heart\,  v.  i. 
  To  form  a  compact  center  or  heart;  as  a  hearting  cabbage. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  heart 
  n  1:  the  locus  of  feelings  and  intuitions;  "in  your  heart  you 
  know  it  is  true";  "her  story  would  melt  your  bosom" 
  [syn:  {bosom}] 
  2:  the  hollow  muscular  organ  whose  rhythmic  contractions  pump 
  blood  through  the  body;  "he  stood  still  his  heart 
  thumping  wildly"  [syn:  {pump},  {ticker}] 
  3:  the  courage  to  carry  on:  "he  kept  fighting  on  pure  spunk"; 
  "you  haven't  got  the  heart  for  baseball"  [syn:  {mettle},  {nerve}, 
  {spunk}] 
  4:  an  area  that  is  approximately  central  within  some  larger 
  region;  "it  is  in  the  center  of  town";  "they  ran  forward 
  into  the  heart  of  the  struggle";  "they  were  in  the  eye  of 
  the  storm"  [syn:  {center},  {centre},  {middle},  {eye}] 
  5:  the  choicest  or  most  essential  or  most  vital  part  of  some 
  idea  or  experience:  "the  gist  of  the  prosecutor's 
  argument";  "the  nub  of  the  story"  [syn:  {kernel},  {substance}, 
  {core},  {center},  {essence},  {gist},  {inwardness},  {marrow}, 
  {meat},  {nub},  {pith},  {sum},  {nitty-gritty}] 
  6:  an  inclination  or  tendency  of  a  certain  kind  "he  had  a 
  change  of  heart"  [syn:  {spirit}] 
  7:  a  plane  figure  with  rounded  sides  curving  inward  at  the  top 
  and  intersecting  at  the  bottom;  conventionally  used  on 
  playing  cards  and  valentines;  "he  drew  a  heart  and  called 
  it  a  valentine" 
  8:  a  firm  rather  dry  variety  meat  (usually  beef  or  veal);  "a 
  five-pound  beef  heart  will  serve  six" 
  9:  a  positive  feeling  of  liking;  "he  had  trouble  expressing  the 
  affection  he  felt";  "the  child  won  everyone's  heart"  [syn: 
  {affection},  {affectionateness},  {fondness},  {tenderness}, 
  {warmheartedness}] 
  10:  a  playing  card  in  the  major  suit  of  hearts;  "he  led  the 
  queen  of  hearts" 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Heart 
  According  to  the  Bible,  the  heart  is  the  centre  not  only  of 
  spiritual  activity,  but  of  all  the  operations  of  human  life. 
  Heart"  and  soul"  are  often  used  interchangeably  (Deut.  6:5; 
  26:16;  comp.  Matt.  22:37;  Mark  12:30,  33),  but  this  is  not 
  generally  the  case. 
 
  The  heart  is  the  "home  of  the  personal  life,"  and  hence  a  man 
  is  designated,  according  to  his  heart,  wise  (1  Kings  3:12, 
  etc.),  pure  (Ps.  24:4;  Matt.  5:8,  etc.),  upright  and  righteous 
  (Gen.  20:5,  6;  Ps  11:2;  78:72),  pious  and  good  (Luke  8:15), 
  etc  In  these  and  such  passages  the  word  soul"  could  not  be 
  substituted  for  "heart." 
 
  The  heart  is  also  the  seat  of  the  conscience  (Rom.  2:15).  It 
  is  naturally  wicked  (Gen.  8:21),  and  hence  it  contaminates  the 
  whole  life  and  character  (Matt.  12:34;  15:18;  comp.  Eccl.  8:11; 
  Ps  73:7).  Hence  the  heart  must  be  changed,  regenerated  (Ezek. 
  36:26;  11:19;  Ps  51:10-14),  before  a  man  can  willingly  obey 
  God. 
 
  The  process  of  salvation  begins  in  the  heart  by  the  believing 
  reception  of  the  testimony  of  God,  while  the  rejection  of  that 
  testimony  hardens  the  heart  (Ps.  95:8;  Prov.  28:14;  2  Chr. 
  36:13).  "Hardness  of  heart  evidences  itself  by  light  views  of 
  sin;  partial  acknowledgment  and  confession  of  it  pride  and 
  conceit;  ingratitude;  unconcern  about  the  word  and  ordinances  of 
  God;  inattention  to  divine  providences;  stifling  convictions  of 
  conscience;  shunning  reproof;  presumption,  and  general  ignorance 
  of  divine  things." 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  HEART,  n.  An  automatic,  muscular  blood-pump.  Figuratively,  this 
  useful  organ  is  said  to  be  the  esat  of  emotions  and  sentiments  --  a 
  very  pretty  fancy  which  however,  is  nothing  but  a  survival  of  a  once 
  universal  belief.  It  is  now  known  that  the  sentiments  and  emotions 
  reside  in  the  stomach,  being  evolved  from  food  by  chemical  action  of 
  the  gastric  fluid.  The  exact  process  by  which  a  beefsteak  becomes  a 
  feeling  --  tender  or  not  according  to  the  age  of  the  animal  from 
  which  it  was  cut;  the  successive  stages  of  elaboration  through  which  a 
  caviar  sandwich  is  transmuted  to  a  quaint  fancy  and  reappears  as  a 
  pungent  epigram;  the  marvelous  functional  methods  of  converting  a 
  hard-boiled  egg  into  religious  contrition,  or  a  cream-puff  into  a  sigh 
  of  sensibility  --  these  things  have  been  patiently  ascertained  by  M. 
  Pasteur,  and  by  him  expounded  with  convincing  lucidity.  (See,  also 
  my  monograph,  _The  Essential  Identity  of  the  Spiritual  Affections  and 
  Certain  Intestinal  Gases  Freed  in  Digestion_  --  4to,  687  pp.)  In  a 
  scientific  work  entitled,  I  believe,  _Delectatio  Demonorum_  (John 
  Camden  Hotton,  London,  1873)  this  view  of  the  sentiments  receives  a 
  striking  illustration;  and  for  further  light  consult  Professor  Dam's 
  famous  treatise  on  _Love  as  a  Product  of  Alimentary  Maceration_. 
 
 




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