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sinmore about sin

sin


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sin  \Sin\,  adv.,  prep.,  &  conj. 
  Old  form  of  {Since}.  [Obs.  or  Prov.  Eng.  &  Scot.] 
 
  Sin  that  his  lord  was  twenty  year  of  age.  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sin  \Sin\,  n.  [OE.  sinne,  AS  synn,  syn;  akin  to  D.  zonde,  OS 
  sundia,  OHG.  sunta,  G.  s["u]nde,  Icel.,  Dan.  &  Sw  synd,  L. 
  sons,  sontis,  guilty,  perhaps  originally  from  the  p.  pr  of 
  the  verb  signifying,  to  be  and  meaning,  the  one  who  it  is 
  Cf  {Authentic},  {Sooth}.] 
  1.  Transgression  of  the  law  of  God;  disobedience  of  the 
  divine  command;  any  violation  of  God's  will  either  in 
  purpose  or  conduct;  moral  deficiency  in  the  character; 
  iniquity;  as  sins  of  omission  and  sins  of  commission. 
 
  Whosoever  committeth  sin  is  the  servant  of  sin. 
  --John  viii. 
  34. 
 
  Sin  is  the  transgression  of  the  law.  --1  John  iii. 
  4. 
 
  I  think  't  no  sin.  To  cozen  him  that  would  unjustly 
  win.  --Shak. 
 
  Enthralled  By  sin  to  foul,  exorbitant  desires. 
  --Milton. 
 
  2.  An  offense,  in  general;  a  violation  of  propriety;  a 
  misdemeanor;  as  a  sin  against  good  manners. 
 
  I  grant  that  poetry's  a  crying  sin.  --Pope. 
 
  3.  A  sin  offering;  a  sacrifice  for  sin. 
 
  He  hath  made  him  to  be  sin  for  us  who  knew  no  sin. 
  --2  Cor.  v. 
  21. 
 
  4.  An  embodiment  of  sin;  a  very  wicked  person.  [R.] 
 
  Thy  ambition,  Thou  scarlet  sin,  robbed  this 
  bewailing  land  Of  noble  Buckingham.  --Shak. 
 
  Note:  Sin  is  used  in  the  formation  of  some  compound  words  of 
  obvious  signification;  as  sin-born;  sin-bred, 
  sin-oppressed,  sin-polluted,  and  the  like 
 
  {Actual  sin}, 
 
  {Canonical  sins}, 
 
  {Original  sin}, 
 
  {Venial  sin}.  See  under  {Actual},  {Canonical},  etc 
 
  {Deadly},  or 
 
  {Mortal}, 
 
  {sins}  (R.  C.  Ch.),  willful  and  deliberate  transgressions, 
  which  take  away  divine  grace;  --  in  distinction  from 
  vental  sins.  The  seven  deadly  sins  are  pride, 
  covetousness,  lust,  wrath,  gluttony,  envy,  and  sloth. 
 
  {Sin  eater},  a  man  who  (according  to  a  former  practice  in 
  England)  for  a  small  gratuity  ate  a  piece  of  bread  laid  on 
  the  chest  of  a  dead  person,  whereby  he  was  supposed  to 
  have  taken  the  sins  of  the  dead  person  upon  himself. 
 
  {Sin  offering},  a  sacrifice  for  sin;  something  offered  as  an 
  expiation  for  sin. 
 
  Syn:  Iniquity;  wickedness;  wrong  See  {Crime}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sin  \Sin\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Sinned};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Sinning}.]  [OE.  sinnen,  singen,  sinegen  AS  syngian  See 
  {Sin},  n.] 
  1.  To  depart  voluntarily  from  the  path  of  duty  prescribed  by 
  God  to  man;  to  violate  the  divine  law  in  any  particular, 
  by  actual  transgression  or  by  the  neglect  or  nonobservance 
  of  its  injunctions;  to  violate  any  known  rule  of  duty;  -- 
  often  followed  by  against. 
 
  Against  thee,  thee  only,  have  I  sinned.  --Ps.  li  4. 
 
  All  have  sinned,  and  come  short  of  the  glory  of  God. 
  --Rom.  iii. 
  23. 
 
  2.  To  violate  human  rights,  law,  or  propriety;  to  commit  an 
  offense;  to  trespass;  to  transgress. 
 
  I  am  a  man  More  sinned  against  than  sinning.  --Shak. 
 
  Who  but  wishes  to  invert  the  laws  Of  order  sins 
  against  the  eternal  cause  --Pope. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  sin 
  n  1:  estrangement  from  god  [syn:  {sinfulness},  {wickedness}] 
  2:  an  act  that  is  regarded  by  theologians  as  a  transgression  of 
  God's  will  [syn:  {sinning}] 
  3:  (Akkadian)  god  of  the  moon;  counterpart  of  Sumerian  Nanna 
  [syn:  {Sin}] 
  4:  the  21st  letter  of  the  Hebrew  alphabet 
  5:  (colloquial)  violent  and  excited  activity;  "they  began  to 
  fight  like  sin"  [syn:  {hell}] 
  v  1:  commit  a  sin;  violate  a  law  of  God 
  2:  commit  a  faux  pas  or  fault  [syn:  {blunder},  {boob},  {goof}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Sin 
  is  "any  want  of  conformity  unto  or  transgression  of  the  law  of 
  God"  (1  John  3:4;  Rom.  4:15),  in  the  inward  state  and  habit  of 
  the  soul,  as  well  as  in  the  outward  conduct  of  the  life,  whether 
  by  omission  or  commission  (Rom.  6:12-17;  7:5-24).  It  is  "not  a 
  mere  violation  of  the  law  of  our  constitution,  nor  of  the  system 
  of  things  but  an  offence  against  a  personal  lawgiver  and  moral 
  governor  who  vindicates  his  law  with  penalties.  The  soul  that 
  sins  is  always  conscious  that  his  sin  is  (1)  intrinsically  vile 
  and  polluting,  and  (2)  that  it  justly  deserves  punishment,  and 
  calls  down  the  righteous  wrath  of  God.  Hence  sin  carries  with  it 
  two  inalienable  characters,  (1)  ill-desert,  guilt  (reatus);  and 
  (2)  pollution  (macula).",  Hodge's  Outlines. 
 
  The  moral  character  of  a  man's  actions  is  determined  by  the 
  moral  state  of  his  heart.  The  disposition  to  sin,  or  the  habit 
  of  the  soul  that  leads  to  the  sinful  act  is  itself  also  sin 
  (Rom.  6:12-17;  Gal.  5:17;  James  1:14,  15). 
 
  The  origin  of  sin  is  a  mystery,  and  must  for  ever  remain  such 
  to  us  It  is  plain  that  for  some  reason  God  has  permitted  sin  to 
  enter  this  world,  and  that  is  all  we  know  His  permitting  it 
  however,  in  no  way  makes  God  the  author  of  sin. 
 
  Adam's  sin  (Gen.  3:1-6)  consisted  in  his  yielding  to  the 
  assaults  of  temptation  and  eating  the  forbidden  fruit.  It 
  involved  in  it  (1)  the  sin  of  unbelief,  virtually  making  God  a 
  liar;  and  (2)  the  guilt  of  disobedience  to  a  positive  command. 
  By  this  sin  he  became  an  apostate  from  God,  a  rebel  in  arms 
  against  his  Creator.  He  lost  the  favour  of  God  and  communion 
  with  him  his  whole  nature  became  depraved,  and  he  incurred  the 
  penalty  involved  in  the  covenant  of  works 
 
  Original  sin.  "Our  first  parents  being  the  root  of  all 
  mankind,  the  guilt  of  their  sin  was  imputed,  and  the  same  death 
  in  sin  and  corrupted  nature  were  conveyed  to  all  their 
  posterity,  descending  from  them  by  ordinary  generation."  Adam 
  was  constituted  by  God  the  federal  head  and  representative  of 
  all  his  posterity,  as  he  was  also  their  natural  head,  and 
  therefore  when  he  fell  they  fell  with  him  (Rom.  5:12-21;  1  Cor. 
  15:22-45).  His  probation  was  their  probation,  and  his  fall  their 
  fall.  Because  of  Adam's  first  sin  all  his  posterity  came  into 
  the  world  in  a  state  of  sin  and  condemnation,  i.e.,  (1)  a  state 
  of  moral  corruption,  and  (2)  of  guilt,  as  having  judicially 
  imputed  to  them  the  guilt  of  Adam's  first  sin. 
 
  "Original  sin"  is  frequently  and  properly  used  to  denote  only 
  the  moral  corruption  of  their  whole  nature  inherited  by  all  men 
  from  Adam.  This  inherited  moral  corruption  consists  in  (1)  the 
  loss  of  original  righteousness;  and  (2)  the  presence  of  a 
  constant  proneness  to  evil,  which  is  the  root  and  origin  of  all 
  actual  sin.  It  is  called  sin"  (Rom.  6:12,  14,  17;  7:5-17),  the 
  flesh"  (Gal.  5:17,  24),  lust"  (James  1:14,  15),  the  "body  of 
  sin"  (Rom.  6:6),  "ignorance,"  "blindness  of  heart,"  "alienation 
  from  the  life  of  God"  (Eph.  4:18,  19).  It  influences  and 
  depraves  the  whole  man,  and  its  tendency  is  still  downward  to 
  deeper  and  deeper  corruption,  there  remaining  no  recuperative 
  element  in  the  soul.  It  is  a  total  depravity,  and  it  is  also 
  universally  inherited  by  all  the  natural  descendants  of  Adam 
  (Rom.  3:10-23;  5:12-21;  8:7).  Pelagians  deny  original  sin,  and 
  regard  man  as  by  nature  morally  and  spiritually  well 
  semi-Pelagians  regard  him  as  morally  sick;  Augustinians,  or  as 
  they  are  also  called  Calvinists,  regard  man  as  described  above, 
  spiritually  dead  (Eph.  2:1;  1  John  3:14). 
 
  The  doctrine  of  original  sin  is  proved,  (1.)  From  the  fact  of 
  the  universal  sinfulness  of  men.  "There  is  no  man  that  sinneth 
  not"  (1  Kings  8:46;  Isa.  53:6;  Ps  130:3;  Rom.  3:19,  22,  23; 
  Gal.  3:22).  (2.)  From  the  total  depravity  of  man.  All  men  are 
  declared  to  be  destitute  of  any  principle  of  spiritual  life; 
  man's  apostasy  from  God  is  total  and  complete  (Job  15:14-16; 
  Gen.  6:5,6).  (3.)  From  its  early  manifestation  (Ps.  58:3;  Prov. 
  22:15).  (4.)  It  is  proved  also  from  the  necessity,  absolutely 
  and  universally,  of  regeneration  (John  3:3;  2  Cor.  5:17).  (5.) 
  From  the  universality  of  death  (Rom.  5:12-20). 
 
  Various  kinds  of  sin  are  mentioned,  (1.)  "Presumptuous  sins," 
  or  as  literally  rendered,  "sins  with  an  uplifted  hand",  i.e., 
  defiant  acts  of  sin,  in  contrast  with  errors"  or 
  inadvertencies"  (Ps.  19:13).  (2.)  "Secret",  i.e.,  hidden  sins 
  (19:12);  sins  which  escape  the  notice  of  the  soul.  (3.)  "Sin 
  against  the  Holy  Ghost"  (q.v.),  or  a  "sin  unto  death"  (Matt. 
  12:31,  32;  1  John  5:16),  which  amounts  to  a  wilful  rejection  of 
  grace. 
 
  Sin,  a  city  in  Egypt,  called  by  the  Greeks  Pelusium  which 
  means  as  does  also  the  Hebrew  name  clayey"  or  "muddy,"  so 
  called  from  the  abundance  of  clay  found  there  It  is  called  by 
  Ezekel  (Ezek.  30:15)  "the  strength  of  Egypt,  "thus  denoting  its 
  importance  as  a  fortified  city.  It  has  been  identified  with  the 
  modern  Tineh,  "a  miry  place,"  where  its  ruins  are  to  be  found 
  Of  its  boasted  magnificence  only  four  red  granite  columns 
  remain,  and  some  few  fragments  of  others 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Sin,  bush 
 




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