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city

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city


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  City  \Cit"y\,  a. 
  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  city.  --Shak. 
 
  {City  council}.  See  under  {Council}. 
 
  {City  court},  The  municipal  court  of  a  city.  [U.  S.] 
 
  {City  ward},  a  watchman,  or  the  collective  watchmen,  of  a 
  city.  [Obs.]  --Fairfax. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  City  \Cit"y\,  n.;  pl  {Cities}.  [OE.  cite,  F.  cit?,  fr  L. 
  civitas  citizenship,  state,  city,  fr  civis  citizen;  akin  to 
  Goth.  heiwa  (in  heiwafrauja  man  of  the  house),  AS  ?,  pl., 
  members  of  a  family,  servants,  ?  family,  G.  heirath  marriage, 
  prop.,  providing  a  house,  E.  hind  a  peasant.] 
  1.  A  large  town. 
 
  2.  A  corporate  town;  in  the  United  States,  a  town  or 
  collective  body  of  inhabitants,  incorporated  and  governed 
  by  a  mayor  and  aldermen  or  a  city  council  consisting  of  a 
  board  of  aldermen  and  a  common  council;  in  Great  Britain, 
  a  town  corporate,  which  is  or  has  been  the  seat  of  a 
  bishop,  or  the  capital  of  his  see 
 
  A  city  is  a  town  incorporated;  which  is  or  has 
  been  the  see  of  a  bishop;  and  though  the  bishopric 
  has  been  dissolved,  as  at  Westminster,  it  yet 
  remaineth  a  city.  --Blackstone 
 
  When  Gorges  constituted  York  a  city,  he  of  course 
  meant  it  to  be  the  seat  of  a  bishop,  for  the  word 
  city  has  no  other  meaning  in  English  law.  --Palfrey 
 
  3.  The  collective  body  of  citizens,  or  inhabitants  of  a  city. 
  ``What  is  the  city  but  the  people?''  --Shak. 
 
  Syn:  See  {Village}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  city 
  n  1:  a  large  and  densely  populated  urban  area;  may  include 
  several  independent  administrative  districts;  "Ancient 
  Troy  was  a  great  city"  [syn:  {metropolis},  {urban  center}] 
  2:  an  incorporated  administrative  district  established  by  state 
  charter;  "the  city  raised  the  tax  rate" 
  3:  people  living  in  a  large  densely  populated  municipality; 
  "the  city  voted  for  Republicans  in  1994"  [syn:  {metropolis}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  City 
  The  earliest  mention  of  city-building  is  that  of  Enoch,  which 
  was  built  by  Cain  (Gen.  4:17).  After  the  confusion  of  tongues, 
  the  descendants  of  Nimrod  founded  several  cities  (10:10-12). 
  Next  we  have  a  record  of  the  cities  of  the  Canaanites,  Sidon, 
  Gaza,  Sodom,  etc  (10:12,  19;  11:3,  9;  36:31-39).  The  earliest 
  description  of  a  city  is  that  of  Sodom  (19:1-22).  Damascus  is 
  said  to  be  the  oldest  existing  city  in  the  world.  Before  the 
  time  of  Abraham  there  were  cities  in  Egypt  (Num.  13:22).  The 
  Israelites  in  Egypt  were  employed  in  building  the  "treasure 
  cities"  of  Pithom  and  Raamses  (Ex.  1:11);  but  it  does  not  seem 
  that  they  had  any  cities  of  their  own  in  Goshen  (Gen.  46:34; 
  47:1-11).  In  the  kingdom  of  Og  in  Bashan  there  were  sixty  "great 
  cities  with  walls,"  and  twenty-three  cities  in  Gilead  partly 
  rebuilt  by  the  tribes  on  the  east  of  Jordan  (Num.  21:21,  32,  33, 
  35;  32:1-3,  34-42;  Deut.  3:4,  5,  14;  1  Kings  4:13).  On  the  west 
  of  Jordan  were  thirty-one  "royal  cities"  (Josh.  12),  besides 
  many  others  spoken  of  in  the  history  of  Israel. 
 
  A  fenced  city  was  a  city  surrounded  by  fortifications  and  high 
  walls,  with  watch-towers  upon  them  (2  Chr.  11:11;  Deut.  3:5). 
  There  was  also  within  the  city  generally  a  tower  to  which  the 
  citizens  might  flee  when  danger  threatened  them  (Judg.  9:46-52). 
 
  A  city  with  suburbs  was  a  city  surrounded  with  open 
  pasture-grounds,  such  as  the  forty-eight  cities  which  were  given 
  to  the  Levites  (Num.  35:2-7).  There  were  six  cities  of  refuge, 
  three  on  each  side  of  Jordan,  namely,  Kadesh,  Shechem,  Hebron, 
  on  the  west  of  Jordan;  and  on  the  east,  Bezer,  Ramoth-gilead, 
  and  Golan.  The  cities  on  each  side  of  the  river  were  nearly 
  opposite  each  other  The  regulations  concerning  these  cities  are 
  given  in  Num.  35:9-34;  Deut.  19:1-13;  Ex  21:12-14. 
 
  When  David  reduced  the  fortress  of  the  Jebusites  which  stood 
  on  Mount  Zion,  he  built  on  the  site  of  it  a  palace  and  a  city, 
  which  he  called  by  his  own  name  (1  Chr.  11:5),  the  city  of 
  David.  Bethlehem  is  also  so  called  as  being  David's  native  town 
  (Luke  2:4). 
 
  Jerusalem  is  called  the  Holy  City,  the  holiness  of  the  temple 
  being  regarded  as  extending  in  some  measure  over  the  whole  city 
  (Neh.  11:1). 
 
  Pithom  and  Raamses,  built  by  the  Israelites  as  "treasure 
  cities,"  were  not  places  where  royal  treasures  were  kept,  but 
  were  fortified  towns  where  merchants  might  store  their  goods  and 
  transact  their  business  in  safety,  or  cities  in  which  munitions 
  of  war  were  stored.  (See  {PITHOM}.) 
 




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