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fault

## fault

```  6  definitions  found

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Fault  \Fault\,  n.
1.  (Elec.)  A  defective  point  in  an  electric  circuit  due  to  a
crossing  of  the  parts  of  the  conductor,  or  to  contact  with
another  conductor  or  the  earth,  or  to  a  break  in  the
circuit.

2.  (Geol.  &  Mining)  A  dislocation  caused  by  a  slipping  of
rock  masses  along  a  plane  of  facture;  also  the  dislocated
structure  resulting  from  such  slipping.

Note:  The  surface  along  which  the  dislocated  masses  have
moved  is  called  the

{fault  plane}.  When  this  plane  is  vertical,  the  fault  is  a

{vertical  fault};  when  its  inclination  is  such  that  the
present  relative  position  of  the  two  masses  could  have
been  produced  by  the  sliding  down  along  the  fault  plane,
of  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  the  fault  is  a

{normal},  or  {gravity},  {fault}.  When  the  fault  plane  is  so
inclined  that  the  mass  on  its  upper  side  has  moved  up
relatively,  the  fault  is  then  called  a

{reverse}  (or  {reversed}),  {thrust},  or  {overthrust},
{fault}.  If  no  vertical  displacement  has  resulted,  the  fault
is  then  called  a

{horizontal  fault}.  The  linear  extent  of  the  dislocation
measured  on  the  fault  plane  and  in  the  direction  of
movement  is  the

{displacement};  the  vertical  displacement  is  the

{throw};  the  horizontal  displacement  is  the

{heave}.  The  direction  of  the  line  of  intersection  of  the
fault  plane  with  a  horizontal  plane  is  the

{trend}  of  the  fault.  A  fault  is  a

{strike  fault}  when  its  trend  coincides  approximately  with
the  strike  of  associated  strata  (i.e.,  the  line  of
intersection  of  the  plane  of  the  strata  with  a  horizontal
plane);  it  is  a

{dip  fault}  when  its  trend  is  at  right  angles  to  the  strike;
an

{oblique  fault}  when  its  trend  is  oblique  to  the  strike.
Oblique  faults  and  dip  faults  are  sometimes  called

{cross  faults}.  A  series  of  closely  associated  parallel
faults  are  sometimes  called

{step  faults}  and  sometimes

{distributive  faults}.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Fault  \Fault\,  n.  [OE.  faut,  faute,  F.  faute  (cf.  It.,  Sp.,  &
Pg  falta),  fr  a  verb  meaning  to  want  fail  freq.,  fr  L.
fallere  to  deceive.  See  {Fail},  and  cf  {Default}.]
1.  Defect;  want  lack;  default.

One  it  pleases  me  for  fault  of  a  better,  to  call
my  friend.  --Shak.

2.  Anything  that  fails  that  is  wanting,  or  that  impairs
excellence;  a  failing;  a  defect;  a  blemish.

As  patches  set  upon  a  little  breach  Discredit  more
in  hiding  of  the  fault.  --Shak.

3.  A  moral  failing;  a  defect  or  dereliction  from  duty;  a
deviation  from  propriety;  an  offense  less  serious  than  a
crime.

4.  (Geol.  &  Mining)
a  A  dislocation  of  the  strata  of  the  vein.
b  In  coal  seams,  coal  rendered  worthless  by  impurities
in  the  seam;  as  slate  fault,  dirt  fault,  etc
--Raymond.

5.  (Hunting)  A  lost  scent;  act  of  losing  the  scent.

Ceasing  their  clamorous  cry  till  they  have  singled,
With  much  ado,  the  cold  fault  cleary  out  --Shak.

6.  (Tennis)  Failure  to  serve  the  ball  into  the  proper  court.

{At  fault},  unable  to  find  the  scent  and  continue  chase;
hence  in  trouble  or  embarrassment,  and  unable  to  proceed;
puzzled;  thrown  off  the  track.

{To  find  fault},  to  find  reason  for  blaming  or  complaining;
to  express  dissatisfaction;  to  complain;  --  followed  by
with  before  the  thing  complained  of  but  formerly  by  at
``Matter  to  find  fault  at.''  --Robynson  (More's  Utopia).

Syn:  --  Error;  blemish;  defect;  imperfection;  weakness;
blunder;  failing;  vice.

Usage:  {Fault},  {Failing},  {Defect},  {Foible}.  A  fault  is
positive,  something  morally  wrong  a  failing  is
negative,  some  weakness  or  falling  short  in  a  man's
character,  disposition,  or  habits;  a  defect  is  also
negative,  and  as  applied  to  character  is  the  absence
of  anything  which  is  necessary  to  its  completeness  or
perfection;  a  foible  is  a  less  important  weakness,
which  we  overlook  or  smile  at  A  man  may  have  many
failings,  and  yet  commit  but  few  faults;  or  his  faults
and  failings  may  be  few  while  his  foibles  are  obvious
to  all  The  faults  of  a  friend  are  often  palliated  or
explained  away  into  mere  defects,  and  the  defects  or
foibles  of  an  enemy  exaggerated  into  faults.  ``I  have
failings  in  common  with  every  human  being  besides  my
own  peculiar  faults;  but  of  avarice  I  have  generally
held  myself  guiltless.''  --Fox.  ``Presumption  and
self-applause  are  the  foibles  of  mankind.''
--Waterland.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Fault  \Fault\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Faulted};  p.  pr  &  vb  n.
{Faulting}.]
1.  To  charge  with  a  fault;  to  accuse;  to  find  fault  with  to
blame.  [Obs.]

For  that  I  will  not  fault  thee.  --Old  Song.

2.  (Geol.)  To  interrupt  the  continuity  of  (rock  strata)  by
displacement  along  a  plane  of  fracture;  --  chiefly  used  in
the  p.  p.;  as  the  coal  beds  are  badly  faulted.

From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]:

Fault  \Fault\,  v.  i.
To  err;  to  blunder,  to  commit  a  fault;  to  do  wrong  [Obs.]

king,  they  had  not  faulted.  --Latimer.

From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]:

fault
n  1:  a  wrong  action  attributable  to  bad  judgment  or  ignorance  or
inattention;  "the  fault  was  all  mine"  [syn:  {mistake},  {error}]
2:  an  imperfection  in  a  device  or  machine;  "if  there  are  any
defects  you  should  send  it  back  to  the  manufacturer"  [syn:
{defect},  {flaw}]
3:  the  quality  of  being  faulty  or  inadequate;  "they  discussed
the  merits  and  demerits  of  her  novel"  [syn:  {demerit}]
[ant:  {merit}]
4:  (geology)  a  fracture  in  the  earth's  crust  with  displacement
of  one  side  with  respect  to  the  other  "they  built  it
right  on  the  San  Andreas  fault"  [syn:  {geological  fault},
{fault  line},  {fracture},  {break}]
5:  responsibility  for  a  bad  situation  or  event;  "it  was  John's
fault"
6:  a  serve  that  lands  outside  the  prescribed  area;  "he  served
too  many  double  faults"
v  :  put  or  pin  the  blame  on  [syn:  {blame}]  [ant:  {absolve}]

From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]:

fault

1.    A  manifestation  of  an  {error}  in  {software}.
A  fault,  if  encountered,  may  cause  a  {failure}.

2.    {page  fault}.

(1996-05-14)

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