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judgment

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judgment


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Judgment  \Judg"ment\,  n.  [OE.  jugement,  F.  jugement,  LL 
  judicamentum  fr  L.  judicare  See  {Judge},  v.  i.] 
  1.  The  act  of  judging;  the  operation  of  the  mind,  involving 
  comparison  and  discrimination,  by  which  a  knowledge  of  the 
  values  and  relations  of  thins,  whether  of  moral  qualities, 
  intellectual  concepts,  logical  propositions,  or  material 
  facts,  is  obtained;  as  by  careful  judgment  he  avoided  the 
  peril;  by  a  series  of  wrong  judgments  he  forfeited 
  confidence. 
 
  I  oughte  deme,  of  skilful  jugement,  That  in  the 
  salte  sea  my  wife  is  deed.  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  The  power  or  faculty  of  performing  such  operations  (see 
  1);  esp.,  when  unqualified,  the  faculty  of  judging  or 
  deciding  rightly,  justly,  or  wisely;  good  sense  as  a  man 
  of  judgment;  a  politician  without  judgment. 
 
  He  shall  judge  thy  people  with  righteousness  and  thy 
  poor  with  judgment.  --Ps.  lxxii. 
  2. 
 
  Hernia.  I  would  my  father  look'd  but  with  my  eyes. 
  Theseus.  Rather  your  eyes  must  with  his  judgment 
  look  --Shak. 
 
  3.  The  conclusion  or  result  of  judging;  an  opinion;  a 
  decision. 
 
  She  in  my  judgment  was  as  fair  as  you  --Shak. 
 
  Who  first  his  judgment  asked,  and  then  a  place 
  --Pope. 
 
  4.  The  act  of  determining,  as  in  courts  of  law,  what  is 
  conformable  to  law  and  justice;  also  the  determination, 
  decision,  or  sentence  of  a  court,  or  of  a  judge;  the 
  mandate  or  sentence  of  God  as  the  judge  of  all 
 
  In  judgments  between  rich  and  poor,  consider  not 
  what  the  poor  man  needs  but  what  is  his  own  --Jer. 
  Taylor. 
 
  Most  heartily  I  do  beseech  the  court  To  give  the 
  judgment.  --Shak. 
 
  5.  (Philos.) 
  a  That  act  of  the  mind  by  which  two  notions  or  ideas 
  which  are  apprehended  as  distinct  are  compared  for  the 
  purpose  of  ascertaining  their  agreement  or 
  disagreement.  See  1.  The  comparison  may  be  threefold: 
  (1)  Of  individual  objects  forming  a  concept.  (2)  Of 
  concepts  giving  what  is  technically  called  a  judgment. 
  (3)  Of  two  judgments  giving  an  inference.  Judgments 
  have  been  further  classed  as  analytic,  synthetic,  and 
  identical. 
  b  That  power  or  faculty  by  which  knowledge  dependent 
  upon  comparison  and  discrimination  is  acquired.  See  2. 
 
  A  judgment  is  the  mental  act  by  which  one  thing 
  is  affirmed  or  denied  of  another.  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  The  power  by  which  we  are  enabled  to  perceive 
  what  is  true  or  false,  probable  or  improbable, 
  is  called  by  logicians  the  faculty  of  judgment. 
  --Stewart. 
 
  6.  A  calamity  regarded  as  sent  by  God,  by  way  of  recompense 
  for  wrong  committed;  a  providential  punishment. 
  ``Judgments  are  prepared  for  scorners.''  --Prov.  xix.  29. 
  ``This  judgment  of  the  heavens  that  makes  us  tremble.'' 
  --Shak. 
 
  7.  (Theol.)  The  final  award;  the  last  sentence. 
 
  Note:  Judgment,  abridgment,  acknowledgment,  and  lodgment  are 
  in  England  sometimes  written,  judgement,  abridgement, 
  acknowledgement,  and  lodgement. 
 
  Note:  Judgment  is  used  adjectively  in  many  self-explaining 
  combinations;  as  judgment  hour;  judgment  throne. 
 
  {Judgment  day}  (Theol.),  the  last  day  or  period  when  final 
  judgment  will  be  pronounced  on  the  subjects  of  God's  moral 
  government. 
 
  {Judgment  debt}  (Law),  a  debt  secured  to  the  creditor  by  a 
  judge's  order 
 
  {Judgment  hall},  a  hall  where  courts  are  held. 
 
  {Judgment  seat},  the  seat  or  bench  on  which  judges  sit  in 
  court;  hence  a  court;  a  tribunal.  ``We  shall  all  stand 
  before  the  judgment  seat  of  Christ.''  --Rom.  xiv.  10. 
 
  {Judgment  summons}  (Law),  a  proceeding  by  a  judgment  creditor 
  against  a  judgment  debtor  upon  an  unsatisfied  judgment. 
 
  {Arrest  of  judgment}.  (Law)  See  under  {Arrest},  n. 
 
  {Judgment  of  God},  a  term  formerly  applied  to  extraordinary 
  trials  of  secret  crimes,  as  by  arms  and  single  combat,  by 
  ordeal,  etc.;  it  being  imagined  that  God  would  work 
  miracles  to  vindicate  innocence.  See  under  {Ordeal}. 
 
  Syn:  Discernment;  decision;  determination;  award;  estimate; 
  criticism;  taste;  discrimination;  penetration;  sagacity; 
  intelligence;  understanding.  See  {Taste}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  judgment 
  n  1:  an  opinion  formed  by  judging  something  "he  was  reluctant  to 
  make  his  judgment  known";  "she  changed  her  mind"  [syn:  {judgement}, 
  {mind}] 
  2:  the  act  of  judging  or  assessing;  "they  criticized  my 
  judgment  of  the  contestants"  [syn:  {judgement},  {assessment}] 
  3:  the  determination  by  a  court  of  competent  jurisdiction  on 
  matters  submitted  to  it  [syn:  {judgement},  {judicial 
  decision}] 
  4:  the  cognitive  process  of  reaching  a  decision  or  drawing 
  conclusions  [syn:  {judgement},  {judging}] 
  5:  the  legal  document  stating  the  reasons  for  a  judicial 
  decision;  "opinions  are  usually  written  by  a  single  judge" 
  [syn:  {judgement},  {opinion}] 
  6:  the  capacity  to  assess  situations  or  circumstances  shrewdly 
  and  to  draw  sound  conclusions  [syn:  {judgement},  {sound 
  judgment},  {sound  judgement},  {perspicacity}] 
  7:  ability  to  make  good  judgments  [syn:  {sagacity},  {sagaciousness}, 
  {judgement},  {discernment}] 




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