browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
judge

more about judge

judge


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Judge  \Judge\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Judged};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Judging}.]  [OE.  jugen,  OF  jugier,  F.  juger,  L.  judicare 
  fr  judex  judge;  jus  law  or  right  +  dicare  to  proclaim, 
  pronounce,  akin  to  dicere  to  say  See  {Just},  a.,  and 
  {Diction},  and  cf  {Judicial}.] 
  1.  To  hear  and  determine,  as  in  causes  on  trial;  to  decide  as 
  a  judge;  to  give  judgment;  to  pass  sentence. 
 
  The  Lord  judge  between  thee  and  me  --Gen.  xvi.  5. 
 
  Father,  who  art  judge  Of  all  things  made  and 
  judgest  only  right!  --Milton. 
 
  2.  To  assume  the  right  to  pass  judgment  on  another;  to  sit  in 
  judgment  or  commendation;  to  criticise  or  pass  adverse 
  judgment  upon  others  See  {Judge},  v.  t.,  3. 
 
  Forbear  to  judge,  for  we  are  sinners  all  --Shak. 
 
  3.  To  compare  facts  or  ideas,  and  perceive  their  relations 
  and  attributes,  and  thus  distinguish  truth  from  falsehood; 
  to  determine;  to  discern;  to  distinguish;  to  form  an 
  opinion  about 
 
  Judge  not  according  to  the  appearance.  --John  vii. 
  24. 
 
  She  is  wise  if  I  can  judge  of  her  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Judge  \Judge\,  n.  [OE.  juge,  OF  &  F.  juge,  fr  OF  jugier,  F. 
  juger,  to  judge.  See  {Judge},  v.  i.] 
  1.  (Law)  A  public  officer  who  is  invested  with  authority  to 
  hear  and  determine  litigated  causes,  and  to  administer 
  justice  between  parties  in  courts  held  for  that  purpose. 
 
  The  parts  of  a  judge  in  hearing  are  four:  to  direct 
  the  evidence;  to  moderate  length,  repetition,  or 
  impertinency  of  speech;  to  recapitulate,  select,  and 
  collate  the  material  points  of  that  which  hath  been 
  said  and  to  give  the  rule  or  sentence.  --Bacon. 
 
  2.  One  who  has  skill,  knowledge,  or  experience,  sufficient  to 
  decide  on  the  merits  of  a  question,  or  on  the  quality  or 
  value  of  anything  one  who  discerns  properties  or 
  relations  with  skill  and  readiness;  a  connoisseur;  an 
  expert;  a  critic. 
 
  A  man  who  is  no  judge  of  law  may  be  a  good  judge  of 
  poetry,  or  eloquence,  or  of  the  merits  of  a 
  painting.  --Dryden. 
 
  3.  A  person  appointed  to  decide  in  a?trial  of  skill,  speed, 
  etc.,  between  two  or  more  parties;  an  umpire;  as  a  judge 
  in  a  horse  race. 
 
  4.  (Jewish  Hist.)  One  of  supreme  magistrates,  with  both  civil 
  and  military  powers,  who  governed  Israel  for  more  than 
  four  hundred  years. 
 
  5.  pl  The  title  of  the  seventh  book  of  the  Old  Testament; 
  the  Book  of  Judges. 
 
  {Judge  Advocate}  (Mil.  &  Nav.),  a  person  appointed  to  act  as 
  prosecutor  at  a  court-martial;  he  acts  as  the 
  representative  of  the  government,  as  the  responsible 
  adviser  of  the  court,  and  also  to  a  certain  extent,  as 
  counsel  for  the  accused,  when  he  has  no  other  counsel. 
 
  {Judge-Advocate  General},  in  the  United  States,  the  title  of 
  two  officers,  one  attached  to  the  War  Department  and 
  having  the  rank  of  brigadier  general,  the  other  attached 
  to  the  Navy  Department  and  having  the  rank  of  colonel  of 
  marines  or  captain  in  the  navy.  The  first  is  chief  of  the 
  Bureau  of  Military  Justice  of  the  army,  the  other  performs 
  a  similar  duty  for  the  navy.  In  England,  the  designation 
  of  a  member  of  the  ministry  who  is  the  legal  adviser  of 
  the  secretary  of  state  for  war,  and  supreme  judge  of  the 
  proceedings  of  courts-martial. 
 
  Syn:  {Judge},  {Umpire},  {Arbitrator},  {Referee}. 
 
  Usage:  A  judge,  in  the  legal  sense  is  a  magistrate  appointed 
  to  determine  questions  of  law.  An  umpire  is  a  person 
  selected  to  decide  between  two  or  more  who  contend  for 
  a  prize.  An  arbitrator  is  one  chosen  to  allot  to  two 
  contestants  their  portion  of  a  claim,  usually  on 
  grounds  of  equity  and  common  sense  A  referee  is  one 
  to  whom  a  case  is  referred  for  final  adjustment. 
  Arbitrations  and  references  are  sometimes  voluntary, 
  sometimes  appointed  by  a  court. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Judge  \Judge\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  hear  and  determine  by  authority,  as  a  case  before  a 
  court,  or  a  controversy  between  two  parties.  ``Chaos 
  [shall]  judge  the  strife.''  --Milton. 
 
  2.  To  examine  and  pass  sentence  on  to  try  to  doom. 
 
  God  shall  judge  the  righteous  and  the  wicked. 
  --Eccl.  iii. 
  7. 
 
  To  bring  my  whole  cause  'fore  his  holiness,  And  to 
  be  judged  by  him  --Shak. 
 
  3.  To  arrogate  judicial  authority  over  to  sit  in  judgment 
  upon  to  be  censorious  toward. 
 
  Judge  not  that  ye  be  not  judged.  --Matt.  vii. 
  1. 
 
  4.  To  determine  upon  or  deliberation;  to  esteem;  to  think;  to 
  reckon. 
 
  If  ye  have  judged  me  to  be  faithful  to  the  Lord. 
  --Acts  xvi. 
  15. 
 
  5.  To  exercise  the  functions  of  a  magistrate  over  to  govern. 
  [Obs.] 
 
  Make  us  a  king  to  judge  us  --1  Sam.  viii. 
  5. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  judge 
  n  1:  a  public  official  authorized  to  decide  questions  bought 
  before  a  court  of  justice  [syn:  {justice},  {jurist},  {magistrate}] 
  2:  an  authority  who  is  able  to  estimate  worth  or  quality  [syn: 
  {evaluator}] 
  v  1:  determine  the  result  of  as  of  a  competition 
  2:  form  an  opinion  of  or  pass  judgment  on 
  3:  form  an  opinion  about  judge  tentatively;  form  an  estimate 
  of  esp.  quantities  or  time;  "I  estimate  this  chicken  to 
  weigh  at  three  pounds"  [syn:  {estimate},  {gauge},  {approximate}, 
  {guess}] 
  4:  pronounce  judgment  on  "They  labeled  him  unfit  to  work  here" 
  [syn:  {pronounce},  {label}] 
  5:  put  on  trial  or  sit  as  the  judge  at  the  trial  of  "The 
  football  star  was  tried  for  the  murder  of  his  wife";  "The 
  judge  tried  both  father  and  son  in  separate  trials"  [syn: 
  {adjudicate},  {try}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Judge 
  (Heb.  shophet  pl  shophetim),  properly  a  magistrate  or  ruler, 
  rather  than  one  who  judges  in  the  sense  of  trying  a  cause  This 
  is  the  name  given  to  those  rulers  who  presided  over  the  affairs 
  of  the  Israelites  during  the  interval  between  the  death  of 
  Joshua  and  the  accession  of  Saul  (Judg.  2:18),  a  period  of 
  general  anarchy  and  confusion.  "The  office  of  judges  or  regents 
  was  held  during  life,  but  it  was  not  hereditary,  neither  could 
  they  appoint  their  successors.  Their  authority  was  limited  by 
  the  law  alone,  and  in  doubtful  cases  they  were  directed  to 
  consult  the  divine  King  through  the  priest  by  Urim  and  Thummim 
  (Num.  27:21).  Their  authority  extended  only  over  those  tribes  by 
  whom  they  had  been  elected  or  acknowledged.  There  was  no  income 
  attached  to  their  office,  and  they  bore  no  external  marks  of 
  dignity.  The  only  cases  of  direct  divine  appointment  are  those 
  of  Gideon  and  Samson,  and  the  latter  stood  in  the  peculiar 
  position  of  having  been  from  before  his  birth  ordained  'to  begin 
  to  deliver  Israel.'  Deborah  was  called  to  deliver  Israel,  but 
  was  already  a  judge.  Samuel  was  called  by  the  Lord  to  be  a 
  prophet  but  not  a  judge,  which  ensued  from  the  high  gifts  the 
  people  recognized  as  dwelling  in  him  and  as  to  Eli,  the  office 
  of  judge  seems  to  have  devolved  naturally  or  rather  ex  officio 
  upon  him."  Of  five  of  the  judges,  Tola  (Judg.  10:1),  Jair  (3), 
  Ibzan,  Elon,  and  Abdon  (12:8-15),  we  have  no  record  at  all 
  beyond  the  bare  fact  that  they  were  judges.  Sacred  history  is 
  not  the  history  of  individuals  but  of  the  kingdom  of  God  in  its 
  onward  progress. 
 
  In  Ex  2:14  Moses  is  so  styled.  This  fact  may  indicate  that 
  while  for  revenue  purposes  the  taskmasters"  were  over  the 
  people,  they  were  yet  just  as  at  a  later  time  when  under  the 
  Romans,  governed  by  their  own  rulers. 
 




more about judge