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crime

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crime


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Crime  \Crime\  (kr[imac]m),  n.[F.  crime,  fr  L.  crimen  judicial 
  decision,  that  which  is  subjected  to  such  a  decision,  charge, 
  fault,  crime,  fr  the  root  of  cernere  to  decide  judicially. 
  See  {Certain}.] 
  1.  Any  violation  of  law,  either  divine  or  human;  an  omission 
  of  a  duty  commanded,  or  the  commission  of  an  act  forbidden 
  by  law. 
 
  2.  Gross  violation  of  human  law,  in  distinction  from  a 
  misdemeanor  or  trespass,  or  other  slight  offense.  Hence 
  also  any  aggravated  offense  against  morality  or  the 
  public  welfare;  any  outrage  or  great  wrong  ``To  part 
  error  from  crime.''  --Tennyson. 
 
  Note:  Crimes,  in  the  English  common  law,  are  grave  offenses 
  which  were  originally  capitally  punished  (murder,  rape, 
  robbery,  arson,  burglary,  and  larceny),  as 
  distinguished  from  misdemeanors,  which  are  offenses  of 
  a  lighter  grade.  See  {Misdemeanors}. 
 
  3.  Any  great  wickedness  or  sin;  iniquity. 
 
  No  crime  was  thine,  if  'tis  no  crime  to  love. 
  --Pope. 
 
  4.  That  which  occasion  crime.  [Obs.] 
 
  The  tree  of  life,  the  crime  of  our  first  father's 
  fall.  --Spenser. 
 
  {Capital  crime},  a  crime  punishable  with  death. 
 
  Syn:  Sin;  vice;  iniquity;  wrong 
 
  Usage:  {Crime},  {Sin},{Vice}.  Sin  is  the  generic  term, 
  embracing  wickedness  of  every  kind  but  specifically 
  denoting  an  offense  as  committed  against  God.  Crime  is 
  strictly  a  violation  of  law  either  human  or  divine; 
  but  in  present  usage  the  term  is  commonly  applied  to 
  actions  contrary  to  the  laws  of  the  State.  Vice  is 
  more  distinctively  that  which  springs  from  the 
  inordinate  indulgence  of  the  natural  appetites,  which 
  are  in  themselves  innocent.  Thus  intemperance, 
  unchastity,  duplicity,  etc.,  are  vices;  while  murder, 
  forgery,  etc.,  which  spring  from  the  indulgence  of 
  selfish  passions,  are  crimes. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  crime 
  n  1:  an  act  punishable  by  law;  usually  considered  an  evil  act 
  [syn:  {law-breaking}] 
  2:  an  evil  act  not  necessarily  punishable  by  law;  "crimes  of 
  the  heart" 




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