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gold

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gold


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  Note:  Watches  are  often  distinguished  by  the  kind  of 
  escapement  used  as  an  {anchor  watch},  a  {lever  watch}, 
  a  {chronometer  watch},  etc  (see  the  Note  under 
  {Escapement},  n.,  3);  also  by  the  kind  of  case,  as  a 
  {gold}  or  {silver  watch},  an  {open-faced  watch},  a 
  {hunting  watch},  or  {hunter},  etc 
 
  6.  (Naut.) 
  a  An  allotted  portion  of  time,  usually  four  hour  for 
  standing  watch,  or  being  on  deck  ready  for  duty.  Cf 
  {Dogwatch}. 
  b  That  part  usually  one  half,  of  the  officers  and  crew, 
  who  together  attend  to  the  working  of  a  vessel  for  an 
  allotted  time,  usually  four  hours.  The  watches  are 
  designated  as  the  {port  watch},  and  the  {starboard 
  watch}. 
 
  {Anchor  watch}  (Naut.),  a  detail  of  one  or  more  men  who  keep 
  watch  on  deck  when  a  vessel  is  at  anchor. 
 
  {To  be  on  the  watch},  to  be  looking  steadily  for  some  event. 
 
 
  {Watch  and  ward}  (Law),  the  charge  or  care  of  certain 
  officers  to  keep  a  watch  by  night  and  a  guard  by  day  in 
  towns,  cities,  and  other  districts,  for  the  preservation 
  of  the  public  peace.  --Wharton.  --Burrill. 
 
  {Watch  and  watch}  (Naut.),  the  regular  alternation  in  being 
  on  watch  and  off  watch  of  the  two  watches  into  which  a 
  ship's  crew  is  commonly  divided. 
 
  {Watch  barrel},  the  brass  box  in  a  watch,  containing  the 
  mainspring. 
 
  {Watch  bell}  (Naut.),  a  bell  struck  when  the  half-hour  glass 
  is  run  out  or  at  the  end  of  each  half  hour.  --Craig. 
 
  {Watch  bill}  (Naut.),  a  list  of  the  officers  and  crew  of  a 
  ship  as  divided  into  watches,  with  their  stations. 
  --Totten. 
 
  {Watch  case},  the  case,  or  outside  covering,  of  a  watch; 
  also  a  case  for  holding  a  watch,  or  in  which  it  is  kept. 
 
 
  {Watch  chain}.  Same  as  {watch  guard},  below. 
 
  {Watch  clock},  a  watchman's  clock;  see  under  {Watchman}. 
 
  {Watch  fire},  a  fire  lighted  at  night,  as  a  signal,  or  for 
  the  use  of  a  watch  or  guard. 
 
  {Watch  glass}. 
  a  A  concavo-convex  glass  for  covering  the  face,  or  dial, 
  of  a  watch;  --  also  called  {watch  crystal}. 
  b  (Naut.)  A  half-hour  glass  used  to  measure  the  time  of 
  a  watch  on  deck. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  Note:  The 
 
  {common,  or  English,  {pheasant}  ({Phasianus  Colchicus})  is 
  now  found  over  most  of  temperate  Europe,  but  was 
  introduced  from  Asia.  The 
 
  {ring-necked  pheasant}  ({P.  torquatus})  and  the 
 
  {green  pheasant}  ({P.  versicolor})  have  been  introduced  into 
  Oregon.  The 
 
  {golden  pheasant}  ({Thaumalea  picta})  is  one  of  the  most 
  beautiful  species.  The 
 
  {silver  pheasant}  ({Euplocamus  nychthemerus})  of  China,  and 
  several  related  species  from  Southern  Asia,  are  very 
  beautiful. 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  ruffed  grouse.  [Southern  U.S.] 
 
  Note:  Various  other  birds  are  locally  called  pheasants,  as 
  the  lyre  bird,  the  leipoa,  etc 
 
  {Fireback  pheasant}.  See  {Fireback}. 
 
  {Gold},  or  {Golden},  {pheasant}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  Chinese 
  pheasant  ({Thaumalea  picta}),  having  rich,  varied  colors. 
  The  crest  is  amber-colored,  the  rump  is  golden  yellow,  and 
  the  under  parts  are  scarlet. 
 
  {Mountain  pheasant}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  ruffed  grouse.  [Local, 
  U.S.] 
 
  {Pheasant  coucal}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  Australian  cuckoo 
  ({Centropus  phasianus}).  The  general  color  is  black,  with 
  chestnut  wings  and  brown  tail.  Called  also  {pheasant 
  cuckoo}.  The  name  is  also  applied  to  other  allied  species. 
 
 
  {Pheasant  duck}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  pintail. 
  b  The  hooded  merganser. 
 
  {Pheasant  parrot}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  and  beautiful 
  Australian  parrakeet  ({Platycercus  Adelaidensis}).  The 
  male  has  the  back  black,  the  feathers  margined  with 
  yellowish  blue  and  scarlet,  the  quills  deep  blue,  the  wing 
  coverts  and  cheeks  light  blue,  the  crown,  sides  of  the 
  neck,  breast,  and  middle  of  the  belly  scarlet. 
 
  {Pheasant's  eye}.  (Bot.) 
  a  A  red-flowered  herb  ({Adonis  autumnalis})  of  the 
  Crowfoot  family;  --  called  also  {pheasant's-eye 
  Adonis}. 
  b  The  garden  pink  ({Dianthus  plumarius});  --  called  also 
  {Pheasant's-eye  pink}. 
 
  {Pheasant  shell}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  marine  univalve  shell  of  the 
  genus  {Phasianella},  of  which  numerous  species  are  found 
  in  tropical  seas.  The  shell  is  smooth  and  usually  richly 
  colored,  the  colors  often  forming  blotches  like  those  of  a 
  pheasant. 
 
  {Pheasant  wood}.  (Bot.)  Same  as  {Partridge  wood} 
  (a),  under  {Partridge}. 
 
  {Sea  pheasant}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  pintail. 
 
  {Water  pheasant}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  sheldrake. 
  b  The  hooded  merganser. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  {Aluminium  bronze}  or  {gold},  a  pale  gold-colored  alloy  of 
  aluminium  and  copper,  used  for  journal  bearings,  etc 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gold  \Gold\  (g[=o]ld),  Golde  \Golde\,  Goolde  \Goolde\ 
  (g[=oo]ld),  n.  (Bot.) 
  An  old  English  name  of  some  yellow  flower,  --  the  marigold 
  ({Calendula}),  according  to  Dr  Prior,  but  in  Chaucer  perhaps 
  the  turnsole. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gold  \Gold\  (g[=o]ld),  n.  [AS.  gold;  akin  to  D.  goud,  OS  &  G. 
  gold,  Icel.  gull,  Sw  &  Dan.  guld,  Goth.  gul[thorn],  Russ.  & 
  OSlav.  zlato;  prob.  akin  to  E.  yellow.  [root]49,  234.  See 
  {Yellow},  and  cf  {Gild},  v.  t.] 
  1.  (Chem.)  A  metallic  element,  constituting  the  most  precious 
  metal  used  as  a  common  commercial  medium  of  exchange.  It 
  has  a  characteristic  yellow  color,  is  one  of  the  heaviest 
  substances  known  (specific  gravity  19.32),  is  soft,  and 
  very  malleable  and  ductile.  It  is  quite  unalterable  by 
  heat,  moisture,  and  most  corrosive  agents,  and  therefore 
  well  suited  for  its  use  in  coin  and  jewelry.  Symbol  Au 
  (Aurum).  Atomic  weight  196.7. 
 
  Note:  Native  gold  contains  usually  eight  to  ten  per  cent  of 
  silver,  but  often  much  more  As  the  amount  of  silver 
  increases,  the  color  becomes  whiter  and  the  specific 
  gravity  lower.  Gold  is  very  widely  disseminated,  as  in 
  the  sands  of  many  rivers,  but  in  very  small  quantity. 
  It  usually  occurs  in  quartz  veins  (gold  quartz),  in 
  slate  and  metamorphic  rocks,  or  in  sand  and  alluvial 
  soil,  resulting  from  the  disintegration  of  such  rocks. 
  It  also  occurs  associated  with  other  metallic 
  substances,  as  in  auriferous  pyrites,  and  is  combined 
  with  tellurium  in  the  minerals  petzite,  calaverite, 
  sylvanite,  etc  Pure  gold  is  too  soft  for  ordinary  use 
  and  is  hardened  by  alloying  with  silver  and  copper,  the 
  latter  giving  a  characteristic  reddish  tinge.  [See 
  {Carat}.]  Gold  also  finds  use  in  gold  foil,  in  the 
  pigment  purple  of  Cassius,  and  in  the  chloride,  which 
  is  used  as  a  toning  agent  in  photography. 
 
  2.  Money;  riches;  wealth. 
 
  For  me  the  gold  of  France  did  not  seduce.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  A  yellow  color,  like  that  of  the  metal;  as  a  flower 
  tipped  with  gold. 
 
  4.  Figuratively,  something  precious  or  pure;  as  hearts  of 
  gold.  --Shak. 
 
  {Age  of  gold}.  See  {Golden  age},  under  {Golden}. 
 
  {Dutch  gold},  {Fool's  gold},  {Gold  dust},  etc  See  under 
  {Dutch},  {Dust},  etc 
 
  {Gold  amalgam},  a  mineral,  found  in  Columbia  and  California, 
  composed  of  gold  and  mercury. 
 
  {Gold  beater},  one  whose  occupation  is  to  beat  gold  into  gold 
  leaf. 
 
  {Gold  beater's  skin},  the  prepared  outside  membrane  of  the 
  large  intestine  of  the  ox  used  for  separating  the  leaves 
  of  metal  during  the  process  of  gold-beating. 
 
  {Gold  beetle}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  small  gold-colored  beetle  of 
  the  family  {Chrysomelid[ae]};  --  called  also  {golden 
  beetle}. 
 
  {Gold  blocking},  printing  with  gold  leaf,  as  upon  a  book 
  cover,  by  means  of  an  engraved  block.  --Knight. 
 
  {Gold  cloth}.  See  {Cloth  of  gold},  under  {Cloth}. 
 
  {Gold  Coast},  a  part  of  the  coast  of  Guinea,  in  West  Africa. 
 
 
  {Gold  cradle}.  (Mining)  See  {Cradle},  n.,  7. 
 
  {Gold  diggings},  the  places,  or  region,  where  gold  is  found 
  by  digging  in  sand  and  gravel  from  which  it  is  separated 
  by  washing. 
 
  {Gold  end},  a  fragment  of  broken  gold  or  jewelry. 
 
  {Gold-end  man}. 
  a  A  buyer  of  old  gold  or  jewelry. 
  b  A  goldsmith's  apprentice. 
  c  An  itinerant  jeweler.  ``I  know  him  not:  he  looks  like 
  a  gold-end  man.''  --B.  Jonson 
 
  {Gold  fever},  a  popular  mania  for  gold  hunting. 
 
  {Gold  field},  a  region  in  which  are  deposits  of  gold. 
 
  {Gold  finder}. 
  a  One  who  finds  gold. 
  b  One  who  empties  privies.  [Obs.  &  Low]  --Swift. 
 
  {Gold  flower},  a  composite  plant  with  dry  and  persistent 
  yellow  radiating  involucral  scales,  the  {Helichrysum 
  St[oe]chas}  of  Southern  Europe.  There  are  many  South 
  African  species  of  the  same  genus. 
 
  {Gold  foil},  thin  sheets  of  gold,  as  used  by  dentists  and 
  others  See  {Gold  leaf}. 
 
  {Gold}  {knobs  or  knoppes}  (Bot.),  buttercups. 
 
  {Gold  lace},  a  kind  of  lace,  made  of  gold  thread. 
 
  {Gold  latten},  a  thin  plate  of  gold  or  gilded  metal. 
 
  {Gold  leaf},  gold  beaten  into  a  film  of  extreme  thinness,  and 
  used  for  gilding,  etc  It  is  much  thinner  than  gold  foil. 
 
 
  {Gold  lode}  (Mining),  a  gold  vein. 
 
  {Gold  mine},  a  place  where  gold  is  obtained  by  mining 
  operations,  as  distinguished  from  diggings,  where  it  is 
  extracted  by  washing.  Cf  {Gold  diggings}  (above). 
 
  {Gold  nugget},  a  lump  of  gold  as  found  in  gold  mining  or 
  digging;  --  called  also  a  {pepito}. 
 
  {Gold  paint}.  See  {Gold  shell}. 
 
  {Gold  or  Golden},  {pheasant}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  under 
  {Pheasant}. 
 
  {Gold  plate},  a  general  name  for  vessels,  dishes,  cups, 
  spoons,  etc.,  made  of  gold. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  gold 
  adj  1:  made  from  or  covered  with  gold;  "gold  coins";  "the  gold  dome 
  of  the  Capitol";  "the  golden  calf";  "gilded  icons" 
  [syn:  {golden},  {gilded}] 
  2:  having  the  deep  slightly  brownish  color  of  gold;  "long 
  aureate  (or  golden)  hair";  "a  gold  carpet"  [syn:  {aureate}, 
  {gilded},  {gilt},  {golden}] 
  n  1:  coins  made  of  gold 
  2:  a  deep  yellow  color;  "an  amber  light  illuminated  the  room"; 
  "he  admired  the  gold  of  her  hair"  [syn:  {amber}] 
  3:  a  soft  yellow  malleable  ductile  (trivalent  and  univalent) 
  metallic  element;  occurs  mainly  as  nuggets  in  rocks  and 
  alluvial  deposits;  does  not  react  with  most  chemicals  but 
  is  attacked  by  chlorine  and  aqua  regia  [syn:  {Au},  {atomic 
  number  79}] 
  4:  great  wealth;  "Whilst  that  for  which  all  virtue  now  is  sold, 
  and  almost  every  vice--almighty  gold"--Ben  Jonson 
 
  From  Elements  database  20001107  [elements]: 
 
  gold 
  Symbol:  Au 
  Atomic  number:  79 
  Atomic  weight:  196.96655 
  Gold  is  gold  colored.  It  is  the  most  malleable  and  ductile  metal  known 
  There  is  only  one  stable  isotope  of  gold,  and  five  radioisotopes  of  gold, 
  Au-195  being  the  most  stable  with  a  half-life  of  186  days.  Gold  is  used 
  as  a  monetary  standard,  in  jewelry,  dentistry,  electronics.  Au-198  is  used 
  in  treating  cancer  and  some  other  medical  conditions.  Gold  has  been  known 
  to  exist  as  far  back  as  2600  BC  Gold  comes  from  the  Anglo-Saxon  word  gold. 
  Its  symbol,  Au  comes  from  the  Latin  word  aurum,  which  means  gold.  Gold  is 
  not  particularly  toxic,  however  it  is  known  to  cause  damage  to  the  liver 
  and  kidneys  in  some 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gold 
  (1.)  Heb.  zahab,  so  called  from  its  yellow  colour  (Ex.  25:11;  1 
  Chr.  28:18;  2  Chr.  3:5). 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  segor,  from  its  compactness,  or  as  being  enclosed  or 
  treasured  up  thus  precious  or  "fine  gold"  (1  Kings  6:20;  7:49). 
 
  (3.)  Heb.  paz,  native  or  pure  gold  (Job  28:17;  Ps  19:10; 
  21:3,  etc.). 
 
  (4.)  Heb.  betzer,  "ore  of  gold  or  silver"  as  dug  out  of  the 
  mine  (Job  36:19,  where  it  means  simply  riches). 
 
  (5.)  Heb.  kethem  i.e.,  something  concealed  or  separated  (Job 
  28:16,19;  Ps  45:9;  Prov.  25:12).  Rendered  "golden  wedge"  in 
  Isa.  13:12. 
 
  (6.)  Heb.  haruts,  i.e.,  dug  out  poetic  for  gold  (Prov.  8:10; 
  16:16;  Zech.  9:3). 
 
  Gold  was  known  from  the  earliest  times  (Gen.  2:11).  It  was 
  principally  used  for  ornaments  (Gen.  24:22).  It  was  very 
  abundant  (1  Chr.  22:14;  Nah.  2:9;  Dan.  3:1).  Many  tons  of  it 
  were  used  in  connection  with  the  temple  (2  Chr.  1:15).  It  was 
  found  in  Arabia,  Sheba,  and  Ophir  (1  Kings  9:28;  10:1;  Job 
  28:16),  but  not  in  Palestine. 
 
  In  Dan.  2:38,  the  Babylonian  Empire  is  spoken  of  as  a  "head  of 
  gold"  because  of  its  great  riches;  and  Babylon  was  called  by 
  Isaiah  (14:4)  the  "golden  city"  (R.V.  marg.,  "exactress," 
  adopting  the  reading  _marhebah_,  instead  of  the  usual  word 
  _madhebah_). 
 




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