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brass

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brass


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Brass  \Brass\,  n.;  pl  {Brasses}.  [OE.  bras,  bres,  AS  br[ae]s; 
  akin  to  Icel.  bras  cement,  solder,  brasa  to  harden  by  fire, 
  and  to  E.  braze,  brazen.  Cf  1st  &  2d  {Braze}.] 
  1.  An  alloy  (usually  yellow)  of  copper  and  zinc,  in  variable 
  proportion,  but  often  containing  two  parts  of  copper  to 
  one  part  of  zinc.  It  sometimes  contains  tin,  and  rarely 
  other  metals. 
 
  2.  (Mach.)  A  journal  bearing,  so  called  because  frequently 
  made  of  brass.  A  brass  is  often  lined  with  a  softer  metal, 
  when  the  latter  is  generally  called  a  white  metal  lining. 
  See  {Axle  box},  {Journal  Box},  and  {Bearing}. 
 
  3.  Coin  made  of  copper,  brass,  or  bronze.  [Obs.] 
 
  Provide  neither  gold,  nor  silver,  nor  brass  in  your 
  purses,  nor  scrip  for  your  journey.  --Matt.  x.  9. 
 
  4.  Impudence;  a  brazen  face.  [Colloq.] 
 
  5.  pl  Utensils,  ornaments,  or  other  articles  of  brass. 
 
  The  very  scullion  who  cleans  the  brasses. 
  --Hopkinson. 
 
  6.  A  brass  plate  engraved  with  a  figure  or  device. 
  Specifically,  one  used  as  a  memorial  to  the  dead,  and 
  generally  having  the  portrait,  coat  of  arms,  etc 
 
  7.  pl  (Mining)  Lumps  of  pyrites  or  sulphuret  of  iron,  the 
  color  of  which  is  near  to  that  of  brass. 
 
  Note:  The  word  brass  as  used  in  Sculpture  language  is  a 
  translation  for  copper  or  some  kind  of  bronze. 
 
  Note:  Brass  is  often  used  adjectively  or  in  self-explaining 
  compounds;  as  brass  button,  brass  kettle,  brass 
  founder,  brass  foundry  or  brassfoundry 
 
  {Brass  band}  (Mus.),  a  band  of  musicians  who  play  upon  wind 
  instruments  made  of  brass,  as  trumpets,  cornets,  etc 
 
  {Brass  foil},  {Brass  leaf},  brass  made  into  very  thin  sheets; 
  --  called  also  {Dutch  gold}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  brass 
  n  1:  an  alloy  of  copper  and  zinc 
  2:  a  wind  instrument  that  consists  of  a  brass  tube  (usually  of 
  variable  length)  blown  by  means  of  a  cup-shaped  or 
  funnel-shaped  mouthpiece 
  3:  the  persons  (or  committees  or  departments  etc.)  who  make  up 
  a  governing  body  and  who  administer  something  "he  claims 
  that  the  present  administration  is  corrupt";  "the 
  governance  of  an  association  is  responsible  to  its 
  members";  "he  quickly  became  recognized  as  a  member  of  the 
  establishment"  [syn:  {administration},  {governance},  {establishment}, 
  {organization},  {organisation}] 
  4:  impudent  aggressiveness;  "I  couldn't  believe  her  boldness"; 
  "he  had  the  effrontery  to  question  my  honesty"  [syn:  {boldness}, 
  {effrontery},  {nerve},  {face},  {cheek}] 
  5:  an  ornament  or  utensil  made  of  brass 
  6:  a  memorial  tablet  made  of  brass  [syn:  {memorial  tablet},  {plaque}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Brass 
  which  is  an  alloy  of  copper  and  zinc,  was  not  known  till  the 
  thirteenth  century.  What  is  designated  by  this  word  in  Scripture 
  is  properly  copper  (Deut.  8:9).  It  was  used  for  fetters  (Judg. 
  16:21;  2  Kings  25:7),  for  pieces  of  armour  (1  Sam.  17:5,  6),  for 
  musical  instruments  (1  Chr.  15:19;  1  Cor.  13:1),  and  for  money 
  (Matt.  10:9). 
 
  It  is  a  symbol  of  insensibility  and  obstinacy  in  sin  (Isa. 
  48:4;  Jer.  6:28;  Ezek.  22:18),  and  of  strength  (Ps.  107:16; 
  Micah  4:13). 
 
  The  Macedonian  empire  is  described  as  a  kingdom  of  brass  (Dan. 
  2:39).  The  "mountains  of  brass"  Zechariah  (6:1)  speaks  of  have 
  been  supposed  to  represent  the  immutable  decrees  of  God. 
 
  The  serpent  of  brass  was  made  by  Moses  at  the  command  of  God 
  (Num.  21:4-9),  and  elevated  on  a  pole,  so  that  it  might  be  seen 
  by  all  the  people  when  wounded  by  the  bite  of  the  serpents  that 
  were  sent  to  them  as  a  punishment  for  their  murmurings  against 
  God  and  against  Moses.  It  was  afterwards  carried  by  the  Jews 
  into  Canaan,  and  preserved  by  them  till  the  time  of  Hezekiah, 
  who  caused  it  to  be  at  length  destroyed  because  it  began  to  be 
  viewed  by  the  people  with  superstitious  reverence  (2  Kings 
  18:4).  (See  {NEHUSHTAN}.) 
 
  The  brazen  serpent  is  alluded  to  by  our  Lord  in  John  3:14,  15. 
  (See  {SERPENT}.) 
 




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