browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
cancer

more about cancer

cancer


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sign  \Sign\,  n.  [F.  signe,  L.  signum;  cf  AS  segen,  segn,  a 
  sign,  standard,  banner,  also  fr  L.  signum.  Cf  {Ensign}, 
  {Resign},  {Seal}  a  stamp,  {Signal},  {Signet}.] 
  That  by  which  anything  is  made  known  or  represented;  that 
  which  furnishes  evidence;  a  mark;  a  token;  an  indication;  a 
  proof.  Specifically: 
  a  A  remarkable  event,  considered  by  the  ancients  as 
  indicating  the  will  of  some  deity;  a  prodigy;  an  omen. 
  b  An  event  considered  by  the  Jews  as  indicating  the  divine 
  will  or  as  manifesting  an  interposition  of  the  divine 
  power  for  some  special  end  a  miracle;  a  wonder. 
 
  Through  mighty  signs  and  wonders,  by  the  power  of 
  the  Spirit  of  God.  --Rom.  xv  19. 
 
  It  shall  come  to  pass,  if  they  will  not  believe 
  thee,  neither  hearken  to  the  voice  of  the  first 
  sign,  that  they  will  believe  the  voice  of  the 
  latter  sign.  --Ex.  iv  8. 
  c  Something  serving  to  indicate  the  existence,  or  preserve 
  the  memory,  of  a  thing  a  token;  a  memorial;  a  monument. 
 
  What  time  the  fire  devoured  two  hundred  and  fifty 
  men,  and  they  became  a  sign.  --Num.  xxvi. 
  10. 
  d  Any  symbol  or  emblem  which  prefigures,  typifles  or 
  represents,  an  idea;  a  type  hence  sometimes  a  picture. 
 
  The  holy  symbols,  or  signs,  are  not  barely 
  significative;  but  what  they  represent  is  as 
  certainly  delivered  to  us  as  the  symbols 
  themselves.  --Brerewood. 
 
  Saint  George  of  Merry  England,  the  sign  of  victory. 
  --Spenser. 
  e  A  word  or  a  character  regarded  as  the  outward 
  manifestation  of  thought;  as  words  are  the  sign  of 
  ideas. 
  f  A  motion,  an  action  or  a  gesture  by  which  a  thought  is 
  expressed,  or  a  command  or  a  wish  made  known 
 
  They  made  signs  to  his  father,  how  he  would  have 
  him  called  --Luke  i.  62. 
  g  Hence  one  of  the  gestures  of  pantomime,  or  of  a  language 
  of  a  signs  such  as  those  used  by  the  North  American 
  Indians,  or  those  used  by  the  deaf  and  dumb. 
 
  Note:  Educaters  of  the  deaf  distinguish  between  natural 
  signs,  which  serve  for  communicating  ideas,  and 
  methodical,  or  systematic,  signs,  adapted  for  the 
  dictation,  or  the  rendering,  of  written  language,  word 
  by  word  and  thus  the  signs  are  to  be  distinguished 
  from  the  manual  alphabet,  by  which  words  are  spelled  on 
  the  fingers. 
  h  A  military  emblem  carried  on  a  banner  or  a  standard. 
  --Milton. 
  i  A  lettered  board,  or  other  conspicuous  notice,  placed 
  upon  or  before  a  building,  room  shop,  or  office  to 
  advertise  the  business  there  transacted,  or  the  name  of 
  the  person  or  firm  carrying  it  on  a  publicly  displayed 
  token  or  notice. 
 
  The  shops  were  therefore,  distinguished  by  painted 
  signs,  which  gave  a  gay  and  grotesque  aspect  to  the 
  streets.  --Macaulay. 
  j  (Astron.)  The  twelfth  part  of  the  ecliptic  or  zodiac. 
 
  Note:  The  signs  are  reckoned  from  the  point  of  intersection 
  of  the  ecliptic  and  equator  at  the  vernal  equinox,  and 
  are  named  respectively,  {Aries}  ([Aries]),  {Taurus} 
  ([Taurus]),  {Gemini}  (II),  {Cancer}  ([Cancer]),  {Leo} 
  ([Leo]),  {Virgo}  ([Virgo]),  {Libra}  ([Libra]), 
  {Scorpio}  ([Scorpio]),  {Sagittarius}  ([Sagittarius]), 
  {Capricornus  ([Capricorn]),  {Aquarius}  ([Aquarius]), 
  {Pisces}  ([Pisces]).  These  names  were  originally  the 
  names  of  the  constellations  occupying  severally  the 
  divisions  of  the  zodiac,  by  which  they  are  still 
  retained;  but  in  consequence  of  the  procession  of  the 
  equinoxes,  the  signs  have  in  process  of  time,  become 
  separated  about  30  degrees  from  these  constellations, 
  and  each  of  the  latter  now  lies  in  the  sign  next  in 
  advance,  or  to  the  east  of  the  one  which  bears  its 
  name  as  the  constellation  Aries  in  the  sign  Taurus, 
  etc 
  k  (Alg.)  A  character  indicating  the  relation  of  quantities, 
  or  an  operation  performed  upon  them  as  the  sign  + 
  (plus);  the  sign  --  (minus);  the  sign  of  division  /,  and 
  the  like 
  l  (Med.)  An  objective  evidence  of  disease;  that  is  one 
  appreciable  by  some  one  other  than  the  patient. 
 
  Note:  The  terms  symptom  and  and  sign  are  often  used 
  synonymously;  but  they  may  be  discriminated.  A  sign 
  differs  from  a  symptom  in  that  the  latter  is  perceived 
  only  by  the  patient  himself.  The  term  sign  is  often 
  further  restricted  to  the  purely  local  evidences  of 
  disease  afforded  by  direct  examination  of  the  organs 
  involved,  as  distinguished  from  those  evidence  of 
  general  disturbance  afforded  by  observation  of  the 
  temperature,  pulse,  etc  In  this  sense  it  is  often 
  called  physical  sign. 
  m  (Mus.)  Any  character,  as  a  flat,  sharp,  dot,  etc 
  n  (Theol.)  That  which  being  external,  stands  for  or 
  signifies,  something  internal  or  spiritual;  --  a  term 
  used  in  the  Church  of  England  in  speaking  of  an  ordinance 
  considered  with  reference  to  that  which  it  represents. 
 
  An  outward  and  visible  sign  of  an  inward  and 
  spiritual  grace.  --Bk.  of 
  Common  Prayer. 
 
  Note:  See  the  Table  of  {Arbitrary  Signs},  p.  1924. 
 
  {Sign  manual}. 
  a  (Eng.  Law)  The  royal  signature  superscribed  at  the  top  of 
  bills  of  grants  and  letter  patent,  which  are  then  sealed 
  with  the  privy  signet  or  great  seal,  as  the  case  may  be 
  to  complete  their  validity. 
  b  The  signature  of  one's  name  in  one's  own  handwriting. 
  --Craig.  Tomlins  Wharton. 
 
  Syn:  Token;  mark;  note;  symptom;  indication;  signal;  symbol; 
  type  omen;  prognostic;  presage;  manifestation.  See 
  {Emblem}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cancer  \Can"cer\,  n.  [L.  cancer,  cancri  crab,  ulcer,  a  sign  of 
  the  zodiac;  akin  to  Gr  karki`nos,  Skr.  karka[.t]a  crab,  and 
  prob.  Skr.  karkara  hard,  the  crab  being  named  from  its  hard 
  shell.  Cf  {Canner},  {Chancre}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  genus  of  decapod  Crustacea,  including  some  of 
  the  most  common  shore  crabs  of  Europe  and  North  America, 
  as  the  rock  crab,  Jonah  crab,  etc  See  {Crab}. 
 
  2.  (Astron.) 
  a  The  fourth  of  the  twelve  signs  of  the  zodiac.  The 
  first  point  is  the  northern  limit  of  the  sun's  course 
  in  summer;  hence  the  sign  of  the  summer  solstice.  See 
  {Tropic}. 
  b  A  northern  constellation  between  Gemini  and  Leo. 
 
  3.  (Med.)  Formerly,  any  malignant  growth,  esp.  one  attended 
  with  great  pain  and  ulceration,  with  cachexia  and 
  progressive  emaciation.  It  was  so  called  perhaps,  from 
  the  great  veins  which  surround  it  compared  by  the 
  ancients  to  the  claws  of  a  crab.  The  term  is  now 
  restricted  to  such  a  growth  made  up  of  aggregations  of 
  epithelial  cells,  either  without  support  or  embedded  in 
  the  meshes  of  a  trabecular  framework. 
 
  Note:  Four  kinds  of  cancers  are  recognized:  (1)  {Epithelial 
  cancer,  or  Epithelioma},  in  which  there  is  no 
  trabecular  framework.  See  {Epithelioma}.  (2)  {Scirrhous 
  cancer,  or  Hard  cancer},  in  which  the  framework 
  predominates,  and  the  tumor  is  of  hard  consistence  and 
  slow  growth.  (3)  {Encephaloid,  Medullary,  or  Soft 
  cancer},  in  which  the  cellular  element  predominates, 
  and  the  tumor  is  soft,  grows  rapidy,  and  often 
  ulcerates.  (4)  {Colloid  cancer},  in  which  the  cancerous 
  structure  becomes  gelatinous.  The  last  three  varieties 
  are  also  called  {carcinoma}. 
 
  {Cancer  cells},  cells  once  believed  to  be  peculiar  to 
  cancers,  but  now  know  to  be  epithelial  cells  differing  in 
  no  respect  from  those  found  elsewhere  in  the  body,  and 
  distinguished  only  by  peculiarity  of  location  and 
  grouping. 
 
  {Cancer  root}  (Bot.),  the  name  of  several  low  plants,  mostly 
  parasitic  on  roots,  as  the  beech  drops,  the  squawroot, 
  etc 
 
  {Tropic  of  Cancer}.  See  {Tropic}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cancer 
  n  1:  any  malignant  growth  or  tumor  caused  by  abnormal  and 
  uncontrolled  cell  division;  it  may  spread  to  other  parts 
  of  the  body  through  the  lymphatic  system  or  the  blood 
  stream 
  2:  a  small  zodiacal  constellation  in  the  northern  hemisphere; 
  between  Leo  and  Gemini  [syn:  {Cancer}] 
  3:  the  fourth  sign  of  the  zodiac;  the  sun  is  in  this  sign  from 
  June  21  to  July  22  [syn:  {Cancer},  {Cancer  the  Crab}] 
  4:  type  genus  of  the  family  Cancridae  [syn:  {Cancer},  {genus 
  Cancer}] 




more about cancer