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file


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\  (f[imac]l),  n.  [F.  file  row  (cf.  Pr.,  Sp.,  Pg.,  & 
  It  fila),  LL  fila,  fr  L.  filum  a  thread.  Cf  {Enfilade}, 
  {Filament},  {Fillet}.] 
  1.  An  orderly  succession;  a  line  a  row;  as: 
  a 
  (Mil)  A  row  of  soldiers  ranged  one  behind  another;  --  in 
  contradistinction  to  {rank},  which  designates  a  row 
  of  soldiers  standing  abreast;  a  number  consisting 
  the  depth  of  a  body  of  troops,  which  in  the 
  ordinary  modern  formation,  consists  of  two  men,  the 
  battalion  standing  two  deep,  or  in  two  ranks. 
 
  Note:  The  number  of  files  in  a  company  describes  its  width, 
  as  the  number  of  ranks  does  its  depth;  thus  100  men  in 
  ``fours  deep''  would  be  spoken  of  as  25  files  in  4 
  ranks.  --Farrow. 
  b  An  orderly  collection  of  papers,  arranged  in  sequence 
  or  classified  for  preservation  and  reference;  as 
  files  of  letters  or  of  newspapers;  this  mail  brings 
  English  files  to  the  15th  instant. 
  c  The  line  wire,  or  other  contrivance,  by  which  papers 
  are  put  and  kept  in  order 
 
  It  is  upon  a  file  with  the  duke's  other  letters. 
  --Shak. 
  d  A  roll  or  list.  ``A  file  of  all  the  gentry.''  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Filed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Filing}.] 
  1.  To  set  in  order  to  arrange,  or  lay  away  esp.  as  papers 
  in  a  methodical  manner  for  preservation  and  reverence;  to 
  place  on  file;  to  insert  in  its  proper  place  in  an 
  arranged  body  of  papers. 
 
  I  would  have  my  several  courses  and  my  dishes  well 
  filed.  --Beau.  &  Fl 
 
  2.  To  bring  before  a  court  or  legislative  body  by  presenting 
  proper  papers  in  a  regular  way  as  to  file  a  petition  or 
  bill.  --Burrill. 
 
  3.  (Law)  To  put  upon  the  files  or  among  the  records  of  a 
  court;  to  note  on  (a  paper)  the  fact  date  of  its  reception 
  in  court. 
 
  To  file  a  paper,  on  the  part  of  a  party,  is  to  place 
  it  in  the  official  custody  of  the  clerk.  To  file,  on 
  the  part  of  the  clerk,  is  to  indorse  upon  the  paper 
  the  date  of  its  reception,  and  retain  it  in  his 
  office,  subject  to  inspection  by  whomsoever  it  may 
  concern.  --Burrill. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\,  v.  i.  [Cf.  F.  filer.]  (Mil.) 
  To  march  in  a  file  or  line  as  soldiers,  not  abreast,  but  one 
  after  another;  --  generally  with  off 
 
  {To  file  with},  to  follow  closely,  as  one  soldier  after 
  another  in  file;  to  keep  pace. 
 
  My  endeavors  Have  ever  come  too  short  of  my  desires, 
  Yet  filed  with  my  abilities.  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\,  n.  [AS.  fe['o]l;  akin  to  D.  viji,  OHG.  f[=i]la, 
  f[=i]hala,  G.  feile,  Sw  fil,  Dan.  fiil,  cf  Icel.  ??l,  Russ. 
  pila,  and  Skr.  pi?  to  cut  out  adorn;  perh.  akin  to  E. 
  paint.] 
  1.  A  steel  instrument,  having  cutting  ridges  or  teeth,  made 
  by  indentation  with  a  chisel,  used  for  abrading  or 
  smoothing  other  substances,  as  metals,  wood,  etc 
 
  Note:  A  file  differs  from  a  rasp  in  having  the  furrows  made 
  by  straight  cuts  of  a  chisel,  either  single  or  crossed, 
  while  the  rasp  has  coarse,  single  teeth,  raised  by  the 
  pyramidal  end  of  a  triangular  punch. 
 
  2.  Anything  employed  to  smooth,  polish,  or  rasp,  literally  or 
  figuratively. 
 
  Mock  the  nice  touches  of  the  critic's  file. 
  --Akenside. 
 
  3.  A  shrewd  or  artful  person.  [Slang]  --Fielding. 
 
  Will  is  an  old  file  in  spite  of  his  smooth  face. 
  --Thackeray. 
 
  {Bastard  file},  {Cross  file},  etc  See  under  {Bastard}, 
  {Cross},  etc 
 
  {Cross-cut  file},  a  file  having  two  sets  of  teeth  crossing 
  obliquely. 
 
  {File  blank},  a  steel  blank  shaped  and  ground  ready  for 
  cutting  to  form  a  file. 
 
  {File  cutter},  a  maker  of  files. 
 
  {Second-cut  file},  a  file  having  teeth  of  a  grade  next  finer 
  than  bastard. 
 
  {Single-cut  file},  a  file  having  only  one  set  of  parallel 
  teeth;  a  float. 
 
  {Smooth  file},  a  file  having  teeth  so  fine  as  to  make  an 
  almost  smooth  surface. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  rub,  smooth,  or  cut  away  with  a  file;  to  sharpen  with 
  a  file;  as  to  file  a  saw  or  a  tooth. 
 
  2.  To  smooth  or  polish  as  with  a  file.  --Shak. 
 
  File  your  tongue  to  a  little  more  courtesy.  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  File  \File\,  v.  t.  [OE.  fulen,  filen,  foulen,  AS  f?lan,  fr  f?l 
  foul.  See  {Foul},  and  cf  {Defile},  v.  t.] 
  To  make  foul;  to  defile.  [Obs.] 
 
  All  his  hairy  breast  with  blood  was  filed.  --Spenser. 
 
  For  Banquo's  issue  have  I  filed  my  mind.  --Shak. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  file 
  n  1:  a  set  of  related  records  (either  written  or  electronic)  kept 
  together  [syn:  {data  file}] 
  2:  a  line  of  persons  or  things  ranged  one  behind  the  other 
  [syn:  {single  file},  {Indian  file}] 
  3:  a  container  for  keeping  papers  in  order  [syn:  {file  cabinet}, 
  {filing  cabinet}] 
  4:  a  steel  hand  tool  with  small  sharp  teeth  on  some  or  all  of 
  its  surfaces;  used  for  smoothing  wood  or  metal 
  v  1:  register  in  a  public  office  or  in  a  court  of  law;  "file  for 
  divorce";  "file  a  complaint"  [syn:  {register}] 
  2:  smooth  with  a  file;  "file  one's  fingernails" 
  3:  proceed  in  file 
  4:  file  a  formal  charge  against;  "The  suspect  was  charged  with 
  murdering  his  wife"  [syn:  {charge},  {lodge}] 
  5:  place  in  a  file  [syn:  {file  away}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  file 
 
    An  element  of  data  storage  in  a  {file  system}. 
 
  The  history  of  computing  is  rich  in  varied  kinds  of  files  and 
  {file  systems},  whether  ornate  (e.g.,  {Macintosh  file  system} 
  for  a  well-known  case)  or  deficient  (e.g.,  many  simple 
  pre-1980s  file  systems  don't  allow  {directories}). 
 
  However,  the  prototypical  file  has  these  characteristics: 
 
  *  It  is  a  single  sequence  of  bytes  (but  consider  {Macintosh} 
  {resource  forks}). 
 
  *  It  has  a  finite  length,  unlike,  e.g.  a  {Unix}  {device}. 
 
  *  It  is  stored  in  a  {non-volatile  storage}  medium  (but  see 
  {ramdrive}). 
 
  *  It  exists  (nominally)  in  a  {directory}. 
 
  *  It  has  a  name  that  it  can  be  referred  to  by  in  file 
  operations,  possibly  in  combination  with  its  {path}. 
 
  Additionally,  a  file  system  may  associate  other  information 
  with  a  file,  such  as  {permission}  bits  or  other  {file 
  attributes};  timestamps  for  file  creation,  last  revision,  and 
  last  access  revision  numbers  (a`  la  VMS),  and  other  kinds  of 
  {magic}. 
 
  (1997-04-08) 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  FILE 
  Free  Internet  Lexicon  and  Encyclopedia  (WWW,  DICT) 
 
 




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