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beside


beside


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Beside  \Be*side"\,  prep.  [OE.  biside  bisiden  bisides  prep. 
  and  adv.,  beside,  besides;  pref.  be-  by  +  side  Cf  Besides, 
  and  see  {Side},  n.] 
  1.  At  the  side  of  on  one  side  of  ``Beside  him  hung  his 
  bow.''  --Milton. 
 
  2.  Aside  from  out  of  the  regular  course  or  order  of  in  a 
  state  of  deviation  from  out  of 
 
  [You]  have  done  enough  To  put  him  quite  beside  his 
  patience.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Over  and  above;  distinct  from  in  addition  to 
 
  Note:  [In  this  use  besides  is  now  commoner.] 
 
  Wise  and  learned  men  beside  those  whose  names  are 
  in  the  Christian  records.  --Addison. 
 
  {To  be  beside  one's  self},  to  be  out  of  one's  wits  or  senses 
 
  Paul,  thou  art  beside  thyself.  --Acts  xxvi. 
  24. 
 
  Syn:  {Beside},  {Besides}. 
 
  Usage:  These  words  whether  used  as  prepositions  or  adverbs, 
  have  been  considered  strictly  synonymous,  from  an 
  early  period  of  our  literature,  and  have  been  freely 
  interchanged  by  our  best  writers.  There  is  however,  a 
  tendency,  in  present  usage,  to  make  the  following 
  distinction  between  them:  1.  That  beside  be  used  only 
  and  always  as  a  preposition,  with  the  original  meaning 
  ``by  the  side  of  ''  as  to  sit  beside  a  fountain;  or 
  with  the  closely  allied  meaning  ``aside  from'', 
  ``apart  from'',  or  ``out  of'';  as  this  is  beside  our 
  present  purpose;  to  be  beside  one's  self  with  joy.  The 
  adverbial  sense  to  be  wholly  transferred  to  the 
  cognate  word  2.  That  besides,  as  a  preposition,  take 
  the  remaining  sense  ``in  addition  to'',  as  besides 
  all  this  besides  the  considerations  here  offered. 
  ``There  was  a  famine  in  the  land  besides  the  first 
  famine.''  --Gen.  xxvi.  1.  And  that  it  also  take  the 
  adverbial  sense  of  ``moreover'',  ``beyond'',  etc., 
  which  had  been  divided  between  the  words  as  besides, 
  there  are  other  considerations  which  belong  to  this 
  case.  The  following  passages  may  serve  to  illustrate 
  this  use  of  the  words: 
 
  Lovely  Thais  sits  beside  thee.  --Dryden. 
 
  Only  be  patient  till  we  have  appeased  The 
  multitude,  beside  themselves  with  fear.  --Shak. 
 
  It  is  beside  my  present  business  to  enlarge  on 
  this  speculation.  --Locke. 
 
  Besides  this  there  are  persons  in  certain 
  situations  who  are  expected  to  be  charitable. 
  --Bp.  Porteus. 
 
  And  besides,  the  Moor  May  unfold  me  to  him 
  there  stand  I  in  much  peril.  --Shak. 
 
  That  man  that  does  not  know  those  things  which 
  are  of  necessity  for  him  to  know  is  but  an 
  ignorant  man,  whatever  he  may  know  besides. 
  --Tillotson. 
 
  Note:  See  {Moreover}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Besides  \Be*sides"\,  Beside  \Be*side"\,  adv  [OE.  Same  as 
  beside,  prep.;  the  ending  -s  is  an  adverbial  one  prop.  a 
  genitive  sign.] 
  1.  On  one  side  [Obs.]  --Chaucer.  Shak. 
 
  2.  More  than  that  over  and  above;  not  included  in  the 
  number,  or  in  what  has  been  mentioned;  moreover;  in 
  addition. 
 
  The  men  said  unto  Lot  Hast  thou  here  any  besides  ? 
  --Gen.  xix. 
  12. 
 
  To  all  beside,  as  much  an  empty  shade,  An  Eugene 
  living,  as  a  C[ae]sar  dead.  --Pope. 
 
  Note:  These  sentences  may  be  considered  as  elliptical.