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caesarea

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caesarea


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Caesarea 
  (Palestinae),  a  city  on  the  shore  of  the  Mediterranean,  on  the 
  great  road  from  Tyre  to  Egypt,  about  70  miles  northwest  of 
  Jerusalem,  at  the  northern  extremity  of  the  plain  of  Sharon.  It 
  was  built  by  Herod  the  Great  (B.C.  10),  who  named  it  after 
  Caesar  Augustus,  hence  called  Caesarea  Sebaste  (Gr.  Sebastos  = 
  "Augustus"),  on  the  site  of  an  old  town  called  "Strato's  Tower." 
  It  was  the  capital  of  the  Roman  province  of  Judaea,  the  seat  of 
  the  governors  or  procurators,  and  the  headquarters  of  the  Roman 
  troops.  It  was  the  great  Gentile  city  of  Palestine,  with  a 
  spacious  artificial  harbour.  It  was  adorned  with  many  buildings 
  of  great  splendour,  after  the  manner  of  the  Roman  cities  of  the 
  West.  Here  Cornelius  the  centurion  was  converted  through  the 
  instrumentality  of  Peter  (Acts  10:1,  24),  and  thus  for  the  first 
  time  the  door  of  faith  was  opened  to  the  Gentiles.  Philip  the 
  evangelist  resided  here  with  his  four  daughters  (21:8).  From 
  this  place  Saul  sailed  for  his  native  Tarsus  when  forced  to  flee 
  from  Jerusalem  (9:30),  and  here  he  landed  when  returning  from 
  his  second  missionary  journey  (18:22).  He  remained  as  a  prisoner 
  here  for  two  years  before  his  voyage  to  Rome  (Acts  24:27;  25:1, 
  4,  6,  13).  Here  on  a  "set  day,"  when  games  were  celebrated  in 
  the  theatre  in  honour  of  the  emperor  Claudius,  Herod  Agrippa  I. 
  appeared  among  the  people  in  great  pomp,  and  in  the  midst  of  the 
  idolatrous  homage  paid  to  him  was  suddenly  smitten  by  an  angel, 
  and  carried  out  a  dying  man.  He  was  "eaten  of  worms"  (12:19-23), 
  thus  perishing  by  the  same  loathsome  disease  as  his  granfather, 
  Herod  the  Great.  It  still  retains  its  ancient  name  Kaiseriyeh 
  but  is  now  desolate.  "The  present  inhabitants  of  the  ruins  are 
  snakes,  scorpions,  lizards,  wild  boars,  and  jackals."  It  is 
  described  as  the  most  desolate  city  of  all  Palestine. 
 




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