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solution


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Solution  \So*lu"tion\  (s[-o]*l[=u]"sh[u^]n),  n.  [OE.  solucion, 
  OF  solucion,  F.  solution,  fr  L.  solutio,  fr  solvere 
  solutum  to  loosen,  dissolve.  See  {Solve}.] 
  1.  The  act  of  separating  the  parts  of  any  body,  or  the 
  condition  of  undergoing  a  separation  of  parts  disruption; 
  breach. 
 
  In  all  bodies  there  is  an  appetite  of  union  and 
  evitation  of  solution  of  continuity.  --Bacon. 
 
  2.  The  act  of  solving,  or  the  state  of  being  solved;  the 
  disentanglement  of  any  intricate  problem  or  difficult 
  question;  explanation;  clearing  up  --  used  especially  in 
  mathematics,  either  of  the  process  of  solving  an  equation 
  or  problem,  or  the  result  of  the  process. 
 
  3.  The  state  of  being  dissolved  or  disintegrated;  resolution; 
  disintegration. 
 
  It  is  unquestionably  an  enterprise  of  more  promise 
  to  assail  the  nations  in  their  hour  of  faintness  and 
  solution,  than  at  a  time  when  magnificent  and 
  seductive  systems  of  worship  were  at  their  height  of 
  energy  and  splendor.  --I.  Taylor. 
 
  4.  (Chem.Phys.)  The  act  or  process  by  which  a  body  (whether 
  solid,  liquid,  or  gaseous)  is  absorbed  into  a  liquid,  and 
  remaining  or  becoming  fluid,  is  diffused  throughout  the 
  solvent;  also  the  product  reulting  from  such  absorption. 
 
  Note:  When  a  solvent  will  not  take  in  any  more  of  a  substance 
  the  solution  is  said  to  be  saturated.  Solution  is  two 
  kinds;  viz.:  a  {Mechanical  solution},  in  which  no 
  marked  chemical  change  takes  place  and  in  which  in 
  the  case  of  solids,  the  dissolved  body  can  be  regained 
  by  evaporation,  as  in  the  solution  of  salt  or  sugar  in 
  water.  b  {Chemical  solution},  in  which  there  is 
  involved  a  decided  chemical  change,  as  when  limestone 
  or  zinc  undergoes  solution  in  hydrochloric  acid. 
  {Mechanical  solution}  is  regarded  as  a  form  of 
  molecular  or  atomic  attraction,  and  is  probably 
  occasioned  by  the  formation  of  certain  very  weak  and 
  unstable  compounds  which  are  easily  dissociated  and 
  pass  into  new  and  similar  compounds. 
 
  Note:  This  word  is  not  used  in  chemistry  or  mineralogy  for 
  fusion,  or  the  melting  of  bodies  by  the  heat  of  fire. 
 
  5.  release;  deliverance;  discharge.  [Obs.]  --Barrow. 
 
  6.  (Med.) 
  a  The  termination  of  a  disease;  resolution. 
  b  A  crisis. 
  c  A  liquid  medicine  or  preparation  (usually  aqueous)  in 
  which  the  solid  ingredients  are  wholly  soluble.  --U. 
  S.  Disp. 
 
  {Fehling's  solution}  (Chem.),  a  standardized  solution  of 
  cupric  hydrate  in  sodium  potassium  tartrate,  used  as  a 
  means  of  determining  the  reducing  power  of  certain  sugars 
  and  sirups  by  the  amount  of  red  cuprous  oxide  thrown  down 
 
 
  {Heavy  solution}  (Min.),  a  liquid  of  high  density,  as  a 
  solution  of  mercuric  iodide  in  potassium  iodide  (called 
  the  Sonstadt  or  Thoulet  solution)  having  a  maximum 
  specific  gravity  of  3.2,  or  of  borotungstate  of  cadium 
  (Klein  solution,  specific  gravity  3.6),  and  the  like  Such 
  solutions  are  much  used  in  determining  the  specific 
  gravities  of  minerals,  and  in  separating  them  when 
  mechanically  mixed  as  in  a  pulverized  rock. 
 
  {Nessler's  solution}.  See  {Nesslerize}. 
 
  {Solution  of  continuity},  the  separation  of  connection,  or  of 
  connected  substances  or  parts  --  applied,  in  surgery,  to 
  a  fracture,  laceration,  or  the  like  ``As  in  the  natural 
  body  a  wound,  or  solution  of  continuity,  is  worse  than  a 
  corrupt  humor,  so  in  the  spiritual.''  --Bacon. 
 
  {Standardized  solution}  (Chem.),  a  solution  which  is  used  as 
  a  reagent,  and  is  of  a  known  and  standard  strength; 
  specifically,  a  normal  solution,  containing  in  each  cubic 
  centimeter  as  many  milligrams  of  the  element  in  question 
  as  the  number  representing  its  atomic  weight;  thus  a 
  normal  solution  of  silver  nitrate  would  contain  107.7  mgr. 
  of  silver  nitrate  in  each  cubic  centimeter. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  solution 
  n  1:  a  homogeneous  mixture  of  two  or  more  substances;  frequently 
  (but  not  necessarily)  a  liquid  solution;  "he  used  a 
  solution  of  peroxide  and  water" 
  2:  a  statement  that  solves  a  problem  or  explains  how  to  solve 
  the  problem;  "they  were  trying  to  find  a  peaceful 
  solution";  "the  answers  were  in  the  back  of  the  book";  "he 
  computed  the  result  to  four  decimal  places"  [syn:  {answer}, 
  {result},  {resolution}] 
  3:  a  method  for  solving  a  problem;  "the  easy  solution  is  to 
  look  it  up  in  the  handbook" 
  4:  the  set  of  values  that  give  a  true  statement  when 
  substituted  into  an  equation  [syn:  {root}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  solution 
 
    A  {marketroid}  term  for  something  he  wants  to  sell 
  you  without  bothering  you  with  the  often  dizzying  distinctions 
  between  {hardware},  {software},  {services},  {applications}, 
  {file  formats},  companies,  brand  names  and  {operating 
  systems}. 
 
  "{Flash}  is  a  perfect  image-streaming  solution."  "What  is 
  it?"  "Um...  about  a  thousand  dollars." 
 
  See  also:  {technology}. 
 
  (1998-07-07) 
 
 




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