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deacon

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deacon


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Deacon  \Dea"con\,  v.  t. 
  With  humorous  reference  to  hypocritical  posing:  To  pack 
  (fruit  or  vegetables)  with  the  finest  specimens  on  top  to 
  alter  slyly  the  boundaries  of  (land);  to  adulterate  or  doctor 
  (an  article  to  be  sold),  etc  [Colloq.,  U.  S.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Deacon  \Dea"con\,  n.  [OE.  diakne,  deakne,  deken  AS  diacon, 
  deacon,  L.  diaconus  fr  Gr  ?  a  servant  or  minister,  a 
  minister  of  the  church;  of  uncertain  origin.  In  sense  2  prob. 
  confused  with  dean.] 
  1.  (Eccl.)  An  officer  in  Christian  churches  appointed  to 
  perform  certain  subordinate  duties  varying  in  different 
  communions.  In  the  Roman  Catholic  and  Episcopal  churches, 
  a  person  admitted  to  the  lowest  order  in  the  ministry, 
  subordinate  to  the  bishops  and  priests.  In  Presbyterian 
  churches,  he  is  subordinate  to  the  minister  and  elders, 
  and  has  charge  of  certain  duties  connected  with  the 
  communion  service  and  the  care  of  the  poor.  In 
  Congregational  churches,  he  is  subordinate  to  the  pastor, 
  and  has  duties  as  in  the  Presbyterian  church. 
 
  2.  The  chairman  of  an  incorporated  company.  [Scot.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Deacon  \Dea"con\,  v.  t. 
  To  read  aloud  each  line  of  (a  psalm  or  hymn)  before  singing 
  it  --  usually  with  off  [Colloq.  New  Eng.]  See  {Line},  v. 
  t. 
 
  Note:  The  expression  is  derived  from  a  former  custom  in  the 
  Congregational  churches  of  New  England.  It  was  part  of 
  the  office  of  a  deacon  to  read  aloud  the  psalm  given 
  out  one  line  at  a  time,  the  congregation  singing  each 
  line  as  soon  as  read;  --  called  also  lining  out  the 
  psalm. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  deacon 
  n  1:  a  Protestant  layman  who  assists  the  minister  [syn:  {Protestant 
  deacon}] 
  2:  a  cleric  ranking  just  below  a  priest  in  Roman  Catholic 
  churches  [syn:  {Catholic  deacon}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  DEACON 
 
  Direct  English  Access  and  CONtrol.  English-like  query  system. 
  Sammet  1969,  p.668. 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Deacon 
  Anglicized  form  of  the  Greek  word  diaconos  meaning  a  "runner," 
  "messenger,"  "servant."  For  a  long  period  a  feeling  of  mutual 
  jealousy  had  existed  between  the  "Hebrews,"  or  Jews  proper,  who 
  spoke  the  sacred  language  of  palestine,  and  the  "Hellenists,"  or 
  Jews  of  the  Grecian  speech,  who  had  adopted  the  Grecian 
  language,  and  read  the  Septuagint  version  of  the  Bible  instead 
  of  the  Hebrew.  This  jealousy  early  appeared  in  the  Christian 
  community.  It  was  alleged  by  the  Hellenists  that  their  widows 
  were  overlooked  in  the  daily  distribution  of  alms.  This  spirit 
  must  be  checked.  The  apostles  accordingly  advised  the  disciples 
  to  look  out  for  seven  men  of  good  report,  full  of  the  Holy 
  Ghost,  and  men  of  practical  wisdom,  who  should  take  entire 
  charge  of  this  distribution,  leaving  them  free  to  devote 
  themselves  entirely  to  the  spiritual  functions  of  their  office 
  (Acts  6:1-6).  This  was  accordingly  done  Seven  men  were  chosen, 
  who  appear  from  their  names  to  have  been  Hellenists.  The  name 
  deacon"  is  nowhere  applied  to  them  in  the  New  Testament;  they 
  are  simply  called  "the  seven"  (21:8).  Their  office  was  at  first 
  secular,  but  it  afterwards  became  also  spiritual;  for  among 
  other  qualifications  they  must  also  be  "apt  to  teach"  (1  Tim.  3: 
  8-12).  Both  Philip  and  Stephen,  who  were  of  "the  seven," 
  preached;  they  did  "the  work  of  evangelists." 
 




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