browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
crucifixion

more about crucifixion

crucifixion


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Crucifixion  \Cru`ci*fix"ion\  (kr?`s?-f?k"sh?n),  n. 
  1.  The  act  of  nailing  or  fastening  a  person  to  a  cross,  for 
  the  purpose  of  putting  him  to  death;  the  use  of  the  cross 
  as  a  method  of  capital  punishment. 
 
  2.  The  state  of  one  who  is  nailed  or  fastened  to  a  cross; 
  death  upon  a  cross. 
 
  3.  Intense  suffering  or  affliction;  painful  trial. 
 
  Do  ye  prove  What  crucifixions  are  in  love? 
  --Herrick. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  crucifixion 
  n  1:  a  method  of  execution  widespread  in  the  ancient  world; 
  victim's  hands  and  feet  are  bound  or  nailed  to  a  cross 
  2:  the  death  of  Jesus  on  the  cross  after  he  was  condemned  by 
  the  Jews  as  a  false  Messiah  [syn:  {Crucifixion}] 
  3:  the  infliction  of  extremely  painful  punishment  or  suffering 
  [syn:  {excruciation}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Crucifixion 
  a  common  mode  of  punishment  among  heathen  nations  in  early 
  times.  It  is  not  certain  whether  it  was  known  among  the  ancient 
  Jews;  probably  it  was  not  The  modes  of  capital  punishment 
  according  to  the  Mosaic  law  were  by  the  sword  (Ex.  21), 
  strangling,  fire  (Lev.  20),  and  stoning  (Deut.  21). 
 
  This  was  regarded  as  the  most  horrible  form  of  death,  and  to  a 
  Jew  it  would  acquire  greater  horror  from  the  curse  in  Deut. 
  21:23. 
 
  This  punishment  began  by  subjecting  the  sufferer  to  scourging. 
  In  the  case  of  our  Lord,  however,  his  scourging  was  rather 
  before  the  sentence  was  passed  upon  him  and  was  inflicted  by 
  Pilate  for  the  purpose,  probably,  of  exciting  pity  and  procuring 
  his  escape  from  further  punishment  (Luke  23:22;  John  19:1). 
 
  The  condemned  one  carried  his  own  cross  to  the  place  of 
  execution,  which  was  outside  the  city,  in  some  conspicuous  place 
  set  apart  for  the  purpose.  Before  the  nailing  to  the  cross  took 
  place  a  medicated  cup  of  vinegar  mixed  with  gall  and  myrrh  (the 
  sopor)  was  given  for  the  purpose  of  deadening  the  pangs  of  the 
  sufferer.  Our  Lord  refused  this  cup,  that  his  senses  might  be 
  clear  (Matt.  27:34).  The  spongeful  of  vinegar,  sour  wine,  posca, 
  the  common  drink  of  the  Roman  soldiers,  which  was  put  on  a 
  hyssop  stalk  and  offered  to  our  Lord  in  contemptuous  pity  (Matt. 
  27:48;  Luke  23:36),  he  tasted  to  allay  the  agonies  of  his  thirst 
  (John  19:29).  The  accounts  given  of  the  crucifixion  of  our  Lord 
  are  in  entire  agreement  with  the  customs  and  practices  of  the 
  Roman  in  such  cases.  He  was  crucified  between  two  malefactors" 
  (Isa.  53:12;  Luke  23:32),  and  was  watched  by  a  party  of  four 
  soldiers  (John  19:23;  Matt.  27:36,  54),  with  their  centurion. 
  The  "breaking  of  the  legs"  of  the  malefactors  was  intended  to 
  hasten  death,  and  put  them  out  of  misery  (John  19:31);  but  the 
  unusual  rapidity  of  our  Lord's  death  (19:33)  was  due  to  his 
  previous  sufferings  and  his  great  mental  anguish.  The  omission 
  of  the  breaking  of  his  legs  was  the  fulfilment  of  a  type  (Ex. 
  12:46).  He  literally  died  of  a  broken  heart,  a  ruptured  heart, 
  and  hence  the  flowing  of  blood  and  water  from  the  wound  made  by 
  the  soldier's  spear  (John  19:34).  Our  Lord  uttered  seven 
  memorable  words  from  the  cross,  namely,  (1)  Luke  23:34;  (2) 
  23:43;  (3)  John  19:26;  (4)  Matt.  27:46,  Mark  15:34;  (5)  John 
  19:28;  (6)  19:30;  (7)  Luke  23:46. 
 




more about crucifixion