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grain

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grain


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  v.  &  n. 
  See  {Groan.}  [Obs.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  n.  [F.  grain,  L.  granum  grain,  seed,  small 
  kernel,  small  particle.  See  {Corn},  and  cf  {Garner},  n., 
  {Garnet},  {Gram}  the  chick-pea,  {Granule},  {Kernel.}] 
  1.  A  single  small  hard  seed;  a  kernel,  especially  of  those 
  plants,  like  wheat,  whose  seeds  are  used  for  food. 
 
  2.  The  fruit  of  certain  grasses  which  furnish  the  chief  food 
  of  man,  as  corn,  wheat,  rye,  oats,  etc.,  or  the  plants 
  themselves;  --  used  collectively. 
 
  Storehouses  crammed  with  grain.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Any  small  hard  particle,  as  of  sand,  sugar,  salt,  etc.; 
  hence  any  minute  portion  or  particle;  as  a  grain  of 
  gunpowder,  of  pollen,  of  starch,  of  sense  of  wit,  etc 
 
  I  .  .  .  with  a  grain  of  manhood  well  resolved. 
  --Milton. 
 
  4.  The  unit  of  the  English  system  of  weights;  --  so  called 
  because  considered  equal  to  the  average  of  grains  taken 
  from  the  middle  of  the  ears  of  wheat.  7,000  grains 
  constitute  the  pound  avoirdupois,  and  5,760  grains  the 
  pound  troy.  A  grain  is  equal  to  .0648  gram.  See  {Gram.} 
 
  5.  A  reddish  dye  made  from  the  coccus  insect,  or  kermes; 
  hence  a  red  color  of  any  tint  or  hue,  as  crimson, 
  scarlet,  etc.;  sometimes  used  by  the  poets  as  equivalent 
  to  {Tyrian  purple}. 
 
  All  in  a  robe  of  darkest  grain.  --Milton. 
 
  Doing  as  the  dyers  do  who  having  first  dipped 
  their  silks  in  colors  of  less  value,  then  give'  them 
  the  last  tincture  of  crimson  in  grain.  --Quoted  by 
  Coleridge, 
  preface  to 
  Aids  to 
  Reflection. 
 
  6.  The  composite  particles  of  any  substance;  that  arrangement 
  of  the  particles  of  any  body  which  determines  its 
  comparative  roughness  or  hardness;  texture;  as  marble, 
  sugar,  sandstone,  etc.,  of  fine  grain. 
 
  Hard  box,  and  linden  of  a  softer  grain.  --Dryden. 
 
  7.  The  direction,  arrangement,  or  appearance  of  the  fibers  in 
  wood,  or  of  the  strata  in  stone,  slate,  etc 
 
  Knots,  by  the  conflux  of  meeting  sap,  Infect  the 
  sound  pine  and  divert  his  grain  Tortive  and  errant 
  from  his  course  of  growth.  --Shak. 
 
  8.  The  fiber  which  forms  the  substance  of  wood  or  of  any 
  fibrous  material. 
 
  9.  The  hair  side  of  a  piece  of  leather,  or  the  marking  on 
  that  side  --Knight. 
 
  10.  pl  The  remains  of  grain,  etc.,  after  brewing  or 
  distillation;  hence  any  residuum.  Also  called  {draff.} 
 
  11.  (Bot.)  A  rounded  prominence  on  the  back  of  a  sepal,  as  in 
  the  common  dock.  See  {Grained},  a.,  4. 
 
  12.  Temper;  natural  disposition;  inclination.  [Obs.] 
 
  Brothers  .  .  .  not  united  in  grain.  --Hayward. 
 
  13.  A  sort  of  spice,  the  grain  of  paradise.  [Obs.] 
 
  He  cheweth  grain  and  licorice,  To  smellen  sweet. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  {Against  the  grain},  against  or  across  the  direction  of  the 
  fibers;  hence  against  one's  wishes  or  tastes; 
  unwillingly;  unpleasantly;  reluctantly;  with  difficulty. 
  --Swift.--Saintsbury. 
 
  {A  grain  of  allowance},  a  slight  indulgence  or  latitude  a 
  small  allowance. 
 
  {Grain  binder},  an  attachment  to  a  harvester  for  binding  the 
  grain  into  sheaves. 
 
  {Grain  colors},  dyes  made  from  the  coccus  or  kermes  in  sect. 
 
 
  {Grain  leather}. 
  a  Dressed  horse  hides. 
  b  Goat,  seal,  and  other  skins  blacked  on  the  grain  side 
  for  women's  shoes,  etc 
 
  {Grain  moth}  (Zo["o]l.),  one  of  several  small  moths,  of  the 
  family  {Tineid[ae]}  (as  {Tinea  granella}  and  {Butalis 
  cerealella}),  whose  larv[ae]  devour  grain  in  storehouses. 
 
 
  {Grain  side}  (Leather),  the  side  of  a  skin  or  hide  from  which 
  the  hair  has  been  removed;  --  opposed  to  {flesh  side.} 
 
  {Grains  of  paradise},  the  seeds  of  a  species  of  amomum. 
 
  {grain  tin},  crystalline  tin  ore  metallic  tin  smelted  with 
  charcoal. 
 
  {Grain  weevil}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  small  red  weevil  (Sitophilus 
  granarius),  which  destroys  stored  wheat  and  othar  grain, 
  by  eating  out  the  interior. 
 
  {Grain  worm}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  the  grain  moth.  See 
  {grain  moth},  above. 
 
  {In  grain},  of  a  fast  color;  deeply  seated;  fixed;  innate; 
  genuine.  ``Anguish  in  grain.''  --Herbert. 
 
  {To  dye  in  grain},  to  dye  of  a  fast  color  by  means  of  the 
  coccus  or  kermes  grain  [see  {Grain},  n.,  5];  hence  to  dye 
  firmly;  also  to  dye  in  the  wool,  or  in  the  raw  material. 
  See  under  {Dye.} 
 
  The  red  roses  flush  up  in  her  cheeks  .  .  .  Likce 
  crimson  dyed  in  grain.  --Spenser. 
 
  {To  go  against  the  grain  of}  (a  person),  to  be  repugnant  to 
  to  vex,  irritate,  mortify,  or  trouble. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Grained};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Graining.}] 
  1.  To  paint  in  imitation  of  the  grain  of  wood,  marble,  etc 
 
  2.  To  form  (powder,  sugar,  etc.)  into  grains. 
 
  3.  To  take  the  hair  off  (skins);  to  soften  and  raise  the 
  grain  of  (leather,  etc.). 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  v.  i.  [F.  grainer,  grener.  See  {Grain},  n.] 
  1.  To  yield  fruit.  [Obs.]  --Gower. 
 
  2.  To  form  grains,  or  to  assume  a  granular  ferm,  as  the 
  result  of  crystallization;  to  granulate. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Grain  \Grain\,  n.  [See  {Groin}  a  part  of  the  body.] 
  1.  A  branch  of  a  tree;  a  stalk  or  stem  of  a  plant.  [Obs.] 
  --G.  Douglas. 
 
  2.  A  tine,  prong,  or  fork.  Specifically: 
  a  One  the  branches  of  a  valley  or  of  a  river. 
  b  pl  An  iron  first  speak  or  harpoon,  having  four  or 
  more  barbed  points. 
 
  3.  A  blade  of  a  sword,  knife,  etc 
 
  4.  (Founding)  A  thin  piece  of  metal,  used  in  a  mold  to  steady 
  a  core. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  grain 
  n  1:  a  small  hard  particle;  "a  grain  of  sand" 
  2:  cereal  grain  suitable  as  food  for  human  beings  [syn:  {food 
  grain},  {cereal}] 
  3:  used  for  pearls  or  diamonds:  50  mg  or  1/4  carat  [syn:  {metric 
  grain}] 
  4:  1/60  dram;  equals  an  avoirdupois  grain  or  64.799  milligrams 
  5:  1/7000  pound;  equals  a  troy  grain  or  64.799  milligrams 
  6:  dry  seedlike  fruit  produced  by  the  cereal  grasses:  e.g. 
  wheat,  barley,  Indian  corn  [syn:  {caryopsis}] 
  7:  the  direction  or  texture  of  fibers  found  in  wood  or  leather 
  or  stone  or  in  a  woven  fabric:  "saw  the  board  across  the 
  grain" 
  v  1:  thoroughly  work  in  "His  hands  were  grained  with  dirt"  [syn: 
  {ingrain}] 
  2:  paint  (a  surface)  to  make  it  look  like  stone  or  wood 
  3:  form  into  grains  [syn:  {granulate}] 
  4:  become  granular  [syn:  {granulate}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  GRAIN 
 
  A  pictorial  {query  language}. 
 
  ["Pictorial  Information  Systems",  S.K.  Chang  et  al  eds, 
  Springer  1980]. 
 
  (1995-01-23) 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  grain 
 
  {granularity} 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Grain 
  used  in  Amos  9:9,  of  a  small  stone  or  kernel;  in  Matt.  13:31, 
  of  an  individual  seed  of  mustard;  in  John  12:24,  1  Cor.  15:37, 
  of  wheat.  The  Hebrews  sowed  only  wheat,  barley,  and  spelt;  rye 
  and  oats  are  not  mentioned  in  Scripture. 
 




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