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cardinal

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cardinal


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cardinal  \Car"di*nal\,  a.  [L.  cardinalis,  fr  cardo  the  hinge  of 
  a  door,  that  on  which  a  thing  turns  or  depends:  cf  F. 
  cardinal.] 
  Of  fundamental  importance;  pre["e]minent;  superior;  chief; 
  principal. 
 
  The  cardinal  intersections  of  the  zodiac.  --Sir  T. 
  Browne. 
 
  Impudence  is  now  a  cardinal  virtue.  --Drayton. 
 
  But  cardinal  sins,  and  hollow  hearts,  I  fear  ye 
  --Shak. 
 
  {Cardinal  numbers},  the  numbers  one  two  three  etc.,  in 
  distinction  from  first  second  third  etc.,  which  are 
  called  {ordinal  numbers}. 
 
  {Cardinal  points} 
  a  (Geol.)  The  four  principal  points  of  the  compass,  or 
  intersections  of  the  horizon  with  the  meridian  and  the 
  prime  vertical  circle,  north,  south  east,  and  west. 
  b  (Astrol.)  The  rising  and  setting  of  the  sun,  the  zenith 
  and  nadir. 
 
  {Cardinal  signs}  (Astron.)  Aries,  Libra,  Cancer,  and 
  Capricorn. 
 
  {Cardinal  teeth}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  central  teeth  of  bivalve 
  shell.  See  {Bivalve}. 
 
  {Cardinal  veins}  (Anat.),  the  veins  in  vertebrate  embryos, 
  which  run  each  side  of  the  vertebral  column  and  returm  the 
  blood  to  the  heart.  They  remain  through  life  in  some 
  fishes. 
 
  {Cardinal  virtues},  pre["e]minent  virtues;  among  the 
  ancients,  prudence,  justice,  temperance,  and  fortitude. 
 
  {Cardinal  winds},  winds  which  blow  from  the  cardinal  points 
  due  north,  south,  east,  or  west. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cardinal  \Car"di*nal\,  n.  [F.  carinal,  It  cardinale,  LL 
  cardinalis  (ecclesi[ae]  Roman[ae]).  See  {Cardinal},  a.] 
  1.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  One  of  the  ecclesiastical  princes  who 
  constitute  the  pope's  council,  or  the  sacred  college. 
 
  The  clerics  of  the  supreme  Chair  are  called 
  Cardinals,  as  undoubtedly  adhering  more  nearly  to 
  the  hinge  by  which  all  things  are  moved  --Pope  Leo 
  IX 
 
  Note:  The  cardinals  are  appointed  by  the  pope.  Since  the  time 
  of  Sixtus  V.,  their  number  can  never  exceed  seventy 
  (six  of  episcopal  rank,  fifty  priests,  fourteen 
  deacons),  and  the  number  of  cardinal  priests  and 
  deacons  is  seldom  full.  When  the  papel  chair  is  vacant 
  a  pope  is  elected  by  the  college  of  cardinals  from 
  among  themselves.  The  cardinals  take  precedence  of  all 
  dignitaries  except  the  pope.  The  principal  parts  of  a 
  cardinal's  costume  are  a  red  cassock,  a  rochet,  a  short 
  purple  mantle,  and  a  red  hat  with  a  small  crown  and 
  broad  brim,  with  cords  and  tessels  of  a  special  pattern 
  hanging  from  it 
 
  2.  A  woman's  short  cloak  with  a  hood. 
 
  Where's  your  cardinal!  Make  haste.  --Lloyd. 
 
  3.  Mulled  red  wine.  --Hotten. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cardinal 
  adj  1:  serving  as  an  essential  component;  "a  cardinal  rule";  "the 
  central  cause  of  the  problem";  "an  example  that  was 
  fundamental  to  the  argument";  "computers  are 
  fundamental  to  modern  industrial  structure"  [syn:  {central}, 
  {fundamental},  {key},  {primal}] 
  2:  being  or  denoting  a  numerical  quantity  but  not  order 
  "cardinal  numbers"  [ant:  {ordinal}] 
  n  1:  (Roman  Catholic  Church)  one  of  a  group  of  more  than  100 
  prominent  bishops  in  the  Sacred  College  who  advise  the 
  Pope  and  elect  new  Popes 
  2:  the  number  of  elements  in  a  mathematical  set  [syn:  {cardinal 
  number}] 
  3:  a  variable  color  averaging  a  vivid  red  [syn:  {carmine}] 
  4:  crested  thick-billed  North  American  finch  having  bright  red 
  plumage  in  the  male  [syn:  {cardinal  grosbeak},  {Richmondena 
  Cardinalis},  {Cardinalis  cardinalis},  {redbird}] 




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