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hemlock

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hemlock


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hemlock  \Hem"lock\,  n.  [OE.  hemeluc  humloc  AS  hemlic, 
  hymlic.] 
  1.  (Bot.)  The  name  of  several  poisonous  umbelliferous  herbs 
  having  finely  cut  leaves  and  small  white  flowers,  as  the 
  {Cicuta  maculata},  {bulbifera},  and  {virosa},  and  the 
  {Conium  maculatum}.  See  {Conium}. 
 
  Note:  The  potion  of  hemlock  administered  to  Socrates  is  by 
  some  thought  to  have  been  a  decoction  of  {Cicuta 
  virosa},  or  water  hemlock,  by  others  of  {Conium 
  maculatum}. 
 
  2.  (Bot.)  An  evergreen  tree  common  in  North  America  ({Abies, 
  or  Tsuga,  Canadensis});  hemlock  spruce. 
 
  The  murmuring  pines  and  the  hemlocks.  --Longfellow. 
 
  3.  The  wood  or  timber  of  the  hemlock  tree. 
 
  {Ground  hemlock},  or  {Dwarf  hemlock}.  See  under  {Ground}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  hemlock 
  n  1:  large  branching  biennial  herb  native  to  Eurasia  and  Africa 
  and  adventive  in  North  America  having  large  fernlike 
  leaves  and  white  flowers;  usually  found  in  damp 
  habitats;  all  parts  extremely  poisonous  [syn:  {poison 
  hemlock},  {poison  parsley},  {California  fern},  {Nebraska 
  fern},  {winter  fern},  {Conium  maculatum}] 
  2:  soft  coarse  splintery  wood  of  a  hemlock  tree  especially  the 
  western  hemlock 
  3:  an  evergreen  tree  [syn:  {hemlock  tree}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Hemlock,  MI  (CDP,  FIPS  37600) 
  Location:  43.41575  N,  84.23159  W 
  Population  (1990):  1601  (619  housing  units) 
  Area:  6.6  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  48626 
  Hemlock,  NY 
  Zip  code(s):  14466 
  Hemlock,  OH  (village,  FIPS  34888) 
  Location:  39.58894  N,  82.15534  W 
  Population  (1990):  203  (85  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.0  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  43730 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Hemlock 
  (1.)  Heb.  rosh  (Hos.  10:4;  rendered  gall"  in  Deut.  29:18; 
  32:32;  Ps  69:21;  Jer.  9:15;  23:15;  "poison,"  Job  20:16; 
  "venom,"  Deut.  32:33).  "Rosh  is  the  name  of  some  poisonous  plant 
  which  grows  quickly  and  luxuriantly;  of  a  bitter  taste,  and 
  therefore  coupled  with  wormwood  (Deut.  29:18;  Lam.  3:19).  Hence 
  it  would  seem  to  be  not  the  hemlock  cicuta,  nor  the  colocynth  or 
  wild  gourd,  nor  lolium  darnel,  but  the  poppy  so  called  from  its 
  heads"  (Gesenius,  Lex.). 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  la'anah,  generally  rendered  wormwood"  (q.v.),  Deut. 
  29:18,  Text  17;  Prov.  5:4;  Jer.  9:15;  23:15.  Once  it  is  rendered 
  hemlock"  (Amos  6:12;  R.V.,  "wormwood").  This  Hebrew  word  is 
  from  a  root  meaning  "to  curse,"  hence  the  accursed. 
 




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