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libertiesmore about liberties


  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Liberty  \Lib"er*ty\  (l[i^]b"[~e]r*t[y^]),  n.;  pl  {Liberties} 
  (-t[i^]z).  [OE.  liberte,  F.  libert['e],  fr  L.  libertas  fr 
  liber  free  See  {Liberal}.] 
  1.  The  state  of  a  free  person;  exemption  from  subjection  to 
  the  will  of  another  claiming  ownership  of  the  person  or 
  services;  freedom;  --  opposed  to  slavery,  serfdom, 
  bondage,  or  subjection. 
  But  ye  .  .  .  caused  every  man  his  servant,  and  every 
  man  his  handmaid  whom  he  had  set  at  liberty  at  their 
  pleasure,  to  return,  and  brought  them  into 
  subjection.  --Jer.  xxxiv 
  Delivered  fro  the  bondage  of  corruption  into  the 
  glorious  liberty  of  the  sons  of  God.  --Bible,  1551. 
  Rom.  viii.  21. 
  2.  Freedom  from  imprisonment,  bonds,  or  other  restraint  upon 
  Being  pent  from  liberty,  as  I  am  now  --Shak. 
  3.  A  privilege  conferred  by  a  superior  power;  permission 
  granted;  leave  as  liberty  given  to  a  child  to  play,  or 
  to  a  witness  to  leave  a  court,  and  the  like 
  4.  Privilege;  exemption;  franchise;  immunity  enjoyed  by 
  prescription  or  by  grant;  as  the  liberties  of  the 
  commercial  cities  of  Europe. 
  His  majesty  gave  not  an  entire  county  to  any  much 
  less  did  he  grant  .  .  .  any  extraordinary  liberties. 
  --Sir  J. 
  5.  The  place  within  which  certain  immunities  are  enjoyed,  or 
  jurisdiction  is  exercised.  [Eng.] 
  Brought  forth  into  some  public  or  open  place  within 
  the  liberty  of  the  city,  and  there  .  .  .  burned. 
  6.  A  certain  amount  of  freedom;  permission  to  go  freely 
  within  certain  limits;  also  the  place  or  limits  within 
  which  such  freedom  is  exercised;  as  the  liberties  of  a 
  7.  A  privilege  or  license  in  violation  of  the  laws  of 
  etiquette  or  propriety;  as  to  permit,  or  take  a  liberty. 
  He  was  repeatedly  provoked  into  striking  those  who 
  had  taken  liberties  with  him  --Macaulay. 
  8.  The  power  of  choice;  freedom  from  necessity;  freedom  from 
  compulsion  or  constraint  in  willing. 
  The  idea  of  liberty  is  the  idea  of  a  power  in  any 
  agent  to  do  or  forbear  any  particular  action 
  according  to  the  determination  or  thought  of  the 
  mind,  whereby  either  of  them  is  preferred  to  the 
  other  --Locke. 
  This  liberty  of  judgment  did  not  of  necessity  lead 
  to  lawlessness.  --J.  A. 
  9.  (Manege)  A  curve  or  arch  in  a  bit  to  afford  room  for  the 
  tongue  of  the  horse. 
  10.  (Naut.)  Leave  of  absence;  permission  to  go  on  shore. 
  {At  liberty}. 
  a  Unconfined;  free 
  b  At  leisure. 
  {Civil  liberty},  exemption  from  arbitrary  interference  with 
  person,  opinion,  or  property,  on  the  part  of  the 
  government  under  which  one  lives,  and  freedom  to  take  part 
  in  modifying  that  government  or  its  laws. 
  {Liberty  bell}.  See  under  {Bell}. 
  {Liberty  cap}. 
  a  The  Roman  pileus  which  was  given  to  a  slave  at  his 
  b  A  limp,  close-fitting  cap  with  which  the  head  of 
  representations  of  the  goddess  of  liberty  is  often 
  decked.  It  is  sometimes  represented  on  a  spear  or  a 
  liberty  pole. 
  {Liberty  of  the  press},  freedom  to  print  and  publish  without 
  official  supervision. 
  {Liberty  party},  the  party,  in  the  American  Revolution,  which 
  favored  independence  of  England;  in  more  recent  usage,  a 
  party  which  favored  the  emancipation  of  the  slaves. 
  {Liberty  pole},  a  tall  flagstaff  planted  in  the  ground,  often 
  surmounted  by  a  liberty  cap.  [U.  S.] 
  {Moral  liberty},  that  liberty  of  choice  which  is  essential  to 
  moral  responsibility. 
  {Religious  liberty},  freedom  of  religious  opinion  and 
  Syn:  Leave  permission;  license. 
  Usage:  {Liberty},  {Freedom}.  These  words  though  often 
  interchanged,  are  distinct  in  some  of  their 
  applications.  Liberty  has  reference  to  previous 
  restraint;  freedom,  to  the  simple,  unrepressed 
  exercise  of  our  powers.  A  slave  is  set  at  liberty;  his 
  master  had  always  been  in  a  state  of  freedom.  A 
  prisoner  under  trial  may  ask  liberty  (exemption  from 
  restraint)  to  speak  his  sentiments  with  freedom  (the 
  spontaneous  and  bold  utterance  of  his  feelings).  The 
  liberty  of  the  press  is  our  great  security  for  freedom 
  of  thought. 

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