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  1  definition  found 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  =Askelon=Ascalon,  was  one  of  the  five  cities  of  the  Philistines 
  (Josh.  13:3;  1  Sam.  6:17).  It  stood  on  the  shore  of  the 
  Mediterranean,  12  miles  north  of  Gaza.  It  is  mentioned  on  an 
  inscription  at  Karnak  in  Egypt  as  having  been  taken  by  king 
  Rameses  II.,  the  oppressor  of  the  Hebrews.  In  the  time  of  the 
  judges  (Judg.  1:18)  it  fell  into  the  possession  of  the  tribe  of 
  Judah;  but  it  was  soon  after  retaken  by  the  Philistines  (2  Sam. 
  1:20),  who  were  not  finally  dispossessed  till  the  time  of 
  Alexander  the  Great.  Samson  went  down  to  this  place  from 
  Timnath,  and  slew  thirty  men  and  took  their  spoil.  The  prophets 
  foretold  its  destruction  (Jer.  25:20;  47:5,  7).  It  became  a 
  noted  place  in  the  Middle  Ages,  having  been  the  scene  of  many  a 
  bloody  battle  between  the  Saracens  and  the  Crusaders.  It  was 
  beseiged  and  taken  by  Richard  the  Lion-hearted,  and  "within  its 
  walls  and  towers  now  standing  he  held  his  court."  Among  the  Tell 
  Amarna  tablets  (see  {EGYPT})  are  found  letters  or 
  official  despatches  from  Yadaya  "captain  of  horse  and  dust  of 
  the  king's  feet,"  to  the  "great  king"  of  Egypt,  dated  from 
  Ascalon.  It  is  now  called  'Askalan.