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inspiration

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inspiration


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Inspiration  \In`spi*ra"tion\,  n.  [F.  inspiration,  L.  inspiratio. 
  See  {Inspire}.] 
  1.  The  act  of  inspiring  or  breathing  in  breath;  specif. 
  (Physiol.),  the  drawing  of  air  into  the  lungs, 
  accomplished  in  mammals  by  elevation  of  the  chest  walls 
  and  flattening  of  the  diaphragm;  --  the  opposite  of 
  expiration. 
 
  2.  The  act  or  power  of  exercising  an  elevating  or  stimulating 
  influence  upon  the  intellect  or  emotions;  the  result  of 
  such  influence  which  quickens  or  stimulates;  as  the 
  inspiration  of  occasion,  of  art,  etc 
 
  Your  father  was  ever  virtuous,  and  holy  men  at  their 
  death  have  good  inspirations.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  (Theol.)  A  supernatural  divine  influence  on  the  prophets, 
  apostles,  or  sacred  writers,  by  which  they  were  qualified 
  to  communicate  moral  or  religious  truth  with  authority;  a 
  supernatural  influence  which  qualifies  men  to  receive  and 
  communicate  divine  truth;  also  the  truth  communicated. 
 
  All  Scripture  is  given  by  inspiration  of  God.  --2 
  Tim.  iii.  16. 
 
  The  age  which  we  now  live  in  is  not  an  age  of 
  inspiration  and  impulses.  --Sharp. 
 
  {Plenary  inspiration}  (Theol.),  that  kind  of  inspiration 
  which  excludes  all  defect  in  the  utterance  of  the  inspired 
  message. 
 
  {Verbal  inspiration}  (Theol.),  that  kind  of  inspiration  which 
  extends  to  the  very  words  and  forms  of  expression  of  the 
  divine  message. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  inspiration 
  n  1:  arousal  of  the  mind  to  special  unusual  activity  or 
  creativity 
  2:  a  product  of  your  creative  thinking  and  work  "he  had  little 
  respect  for  the  inspirations  of  other  artists"  [syn:  {brainchild}] 
  3:  a  sudden  intuition  as  part  of  solving  a  problem 
  4:  arousing  to  a  particular  emotion  or  action  [syn:  {stirring}] 
  5:  the  act  of  inhaling  [syn:  {inhalation},  {breathing  in}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Inspiration 
  that  extraordinary  or  supernatural  divine  influence  vouchsafed 
  to  those  who  wrote  the  Holy  Scriptures,  rendering  their  writings 
  infallible.  "All  scripture  is  given  by  inspiration  of  God" 
  (R.V.,  "Every  scripture  inspired  of  God"),  2  Tim.  3:16.  This  is 
  true  of  all  the  "sacred  writings,"  not  in  the  sense  of  their 
  being  works  of  genius  or  of  supernatural  insight,  but  as 
  "theopneustic,"  i.e.,  "breathed  into  by  God"  in  such  a  sense 
  that  the  writers  were  supernaturally  guided  to  express  exactly 
  what  God  intended  them  to  express  as  a  revelation  of  his  mind 
  and  will  The  testimony  of  the  sacred  writers  themselves 
  abundantly  demonstrates  this  truth;  and  if  they  are  infallible 
  as  teachers  of  doctrine,  then  the  doctrine  of  plenary 
  inspiration  must  be  accepted.  There  are  no  errors  in  the  Bible 
  as  it  came  from  God,  none  have  been  proved  to  exist. 
  Difficulties  and  phenomena  we  cannot  explain  are  not  errors.  All 
  these  books  of  the  Old  and  New  Testaments  are  inspired.  We  do 
  not  say  that  they  contain,  but  that  they  are  the  Word  of  God. 
  The  gift  of  inspiration  rendered  the  writers  the  organs  of  God, 
  for  the  infallible  communication  of  his  mind  and  will  in  the 
  very  manner  and  words  in  which  it  was  originally  given 
 
  As  to  the  nature  of  inspiration  we  have  no  information.  This 
  only  we  know  it  rendered  the  writers  infallible.  They  were  all 
  equally  inspired,  and  are  all  equally  infallible.  The 
  inspiration  of  the  sacred  writers  did  not  change  their 
  characters.  They  retained  all  their  individual  peculiarities  as 
  thinkers  or  writers.  (See  {BIBLE};  WORD  OF  {GOD}.) 
 




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