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magistratemore about magistrate


  3  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Magistrate  \Mag"is*trate\,  n.  [L.  magistratus  fr  magister 
  master:  cf  F.  magistrat.  See  {Master}.] 
  A  person  clothed  with  power  as  a  public  civil  officer;  a 
  public  civil  officer  invested  with  the  executive  government, 
  or  some  branch  of  it  ``All  Christian  rulers  and 
  magistrates.''  --Book  of  Com.  Prayer. 
  Of  magistrates  some  also  are  supreme,  in  whom  the 
  sovereign  power  of  the  state  resides;  others  are 
  subordinate.  --Blackstone. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  :  a  public  official  authorized  to  decide  questions  bought 
  before  a  court  of  justice  [syn:  {judge},  {justice},  {jurist}] 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  a  public  civil  officer  invested  with  authority.  The  Hebrew 
  shophetim  or  judges,  were  magistrates  having  authority  in  the 
  land  (Deut.  1:16,  17).  In  Judg.  18:7  the  word  magistrate" 
  (A.V.)  is  rendered  in  the  Revised  Version  "possessing 
  authority",  i.e.,  having  power  to  do  them  harm  by  invasion.  In 
  the  time  of  Ezra  (9:2)  and  Nehemiah  (2:16;  4:14;  13:11)  the 
  Jewish  magistrates  were  called  _seganim_,  properly  meaning 
  "nobles."  In  the  New  Testament  the  Greek  word  _archon_,  rendered 
  magistrate"  (Luke  12:58;  Titus  3:1),  means  one  first  in  power, 
  and  hence  a  prince,  as  in  Matt.  20:25,  1  Cor.  2:6,  8.  This  term 
  is  used  of  the  Messiah,  "Prince  of  the  kings  of  the  earth"  (Rev. 
  1:5).  In  Acts  16:20,  22,  35,  36,  38,  the  Greek  term  _strategos_, 
  rendered  "magistrate,"  properly  signifies  the  leader  of  an  army, 
  a  general,  one  having  military  authority.  The  _strategoi_  were 
  the  duumviri,  the  two  praetors  appointed  to  preside  over  the 
  administration  of  justice  in  the  colonies  of  the  Romans.  They 
  were  attended  by  the  sergeants  (properly  lictors  or  "rod 

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