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galleys

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galleys


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Galley  \Gal"ley\,  n.;  pl  {Galleys}.  [OE.  gale,  galeie  (cf.  OF 
  galie,  gal['e]e,  LL  galea,  LGr.  ?;  of  unknown  origin.] 
  1.  (Naut.)  A  vessel  propelled  by  oars,  whether  having  masts 
  and  sails  or  not  as: 
  a  A  large  vessel  for  war  and  national  purposes;  -- 
  common  in  the  Middle  Ages,  and  down  to  the  17th 
  century. 
  b  A  name  given  by  analogy  to  the  Greek,  Roman,  and  other 
  ancient  vessels  propelled  by  oars. 
  c  A  light,  open  boat  used  on  the  Thames  by  customhouse 
  officers,  press  gangs,  and  also  for  pleasure. 
  d  One  of  the  small  boats  carried  by  a  man-of-war. 
 
  Note:  The  typical  galley  of  the  Mediterranean  was  from  one 
  hundred  to  two  hundred  feet  long,  often  having  twenty 
  oars  on  each  side  It  had  two  or  three  masts  rigged 
  with  lateen  sails,  carried  guns  at  prow  and  stern,  and 
  a  complement  of  one  thousand  to  twelve  hundred  men,  and 
  was  very  efficient  in  mediaeval  walfare.  Galleons, 
  galliots,  galleasses  half  galleys,  and  quarter  galleys 
  were  all  modifications  of  this  type 
 
  2.  The  cookroom  or  kitchen  and  cooking  apparatus  of  a  vessel; 
  --  sometimes  on  merchant  vessels  called  the  caboose. 
 
  3.  (Chem.)  An  oblong  oven  or  muffle  with  a  battery  of 
  retorts;  a  gallery  furnace. 
 
  4.  [F.  gal['e]e;  the  same  word  as  E.  galley  a  vessel.] 
  (Print.) 
  a  An  oblong  tray  of  wood  or  brass,  with  upright  sides, 
  for  holding  type  which  has  been  set  or  is  to  be  made 
  up  etc 
  b  A  proof  sheet  taken  from  type  while  on  a  galley;  a 
  galley  proof. 
 
  {Galley  slave},  a  person  condemned,  often  as  a  punishment  for 
  crime,  to  work  at  the  oar  on  board  a  galley.  ``To  toil 
  like  a  galley  slave.''  --Macaulay. 
 
  {Galley  slice}  (Print.),  a  sliding  false  bottom  to  a  large 
  galley.  --Knight. 




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