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canon

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canon


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Canon  \Can"on\,  n.  [OE.  canon,  canoun,  AS  canon  rule  (cf.  F. 
  canon,  LL  canon,  and  for  sense  7,  F.  chanoine  LL 
  canonicus),  fr  L.  canon  a  measuring  line  rule  model,  fr 
  Gr  ?  rule  rod,  fr  ?,  ?,  red.  See  {Cane},  and  cf 
  {Canonical}.] 
  1.  A  law  or  rule 
 
  Or  that  the  Everlasting  had  not  fixed  His  canon 
  'gainst  self-slaughter.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  (Eccl.)  A  law,  or  rule  of  doctrine  or  discipline,  enacted 
  by  a  council  and  confirmed  by  the  pope  or  the  sovereign;  a 
  decision,  regulation,  code,  or  constitution  made  by 
  ecclesiastical  authority. 
 
  Various  canons  which  were  made  in  councils  held  in 
  the  second  centry.  --Hock. 
 
  3.  The  collection  of  books  received  as  genuine  Holy 
  Scriptures,  called  the  {sacred  canon},  or  general  rule  of 
  moral  and  religious  duty,  given  by  inspiration;  the  Bible; 
  also  any  one  of  the  canonical  Scriptures.  See  {Canonical 
  books},  under  {Canonical},  a. 
 
  4.  In  monasteries,  a  book  containing  the  rules  of  a  religious 
  order 
 
  5.  A  catalogue  of  saints  acknowledged  and  canonized  in  the 
  Roman  Catholic  Church. 
 
  6.  A  member  of  a  cathedral  chapter;  a  person  who  possesses  a 
  prebend  in  a  cathedral  or  collegiate  church. 
 
  7.  (Mus.)  A  musical  composition  in  which  the  voices  begin  one 
  after  another,  at  regular  intervals,  successively  taking 
  up  the  same  subject.  It  either  winds  up  with  a  coda 
  (tailpiece),  or  as  each  voice  finishes,  commences  anew, 
  thus  forming  a  perpetual  fugue  or  round.  It  is  the 
  strictest  form  of  imitation.  See  {Imitation}. 
 
  8.  (Print.)  The  largest  size  of  type  having  a  specific  name 
  --  so  called  from  having  been  used  for  printing  the  canons 
  of  the  church. 
 
  9.  The  part  of  a  bell  by  which  it  is  suspended;  --  called 
  also  {ear}  and  {shank}. 
 
  Note:  [See  Illust.  of  {Bell}.]  --Knight. 
 
  10.  (Billiards)  See  {Carom}. 
 
  {Apostolical  canons}.  See  under  {Apostolical}. 
 
  {Augustinian  canons},  {Black  canons}.  See  under 
  {Augustinian}. 
 
  {Canon  capitular},  {Canon  residentiary},  a  resident  member  of 
  a  cathedral  chapter  (during  a  part  or  the  whole  of  the 
  year). 
 
  {Canon  law}.  See  under  {Law}. 
 
  {Canon  of  the  Mass}  (R.  C.  Ch.),  that  part  of  the  mass, 
  following  the  Sanctus,  which  never  changes. 
 
  {Honorary  canon},  a  canon  who  neither  lived  in  a  monastery, 
  nor  kept  the  canonical  hours. 
 
  {Minor  canon}  (Ch.  of  Eng.),  one  who  has  been  admitted  to  a 
  chapter,  but  has  not  yet  received  a  prebend. 
 
  {Regular  canon}  (R.  C.  Ch.),  one  who  lived  in  a  conventual 
  community  and  follower  the  rule  of  St  Austin;  a  Black 
  canon. 
 
  {Secular  canon}  (R.  C.  Ch.),  one  who  did  not  live  in  a 
  monastery,  but  kept  the  hours. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Canon  \Ca*[~n]on"\,  n.  [Sp.,  a  tube  or  hollow,  fr  ca[~n]a  reed, 
  fr  L.  canna.  See  {Cane}.] 
  A  deep  gorge,  ravine,  or  gulch,  between  high  and  steep  banks, 
  worn  by  water  courses.  [Mexico  &  Western  U.  S.] 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  canon 
  n  1:  a  rule  or  especially  body  of  rules  or  principles  generally 
  established  as  valid  and  fundamental  in  a  field  or  art 
  or  philosophy:  "the  neoclassical  canon";  "canons  of 
  polite  society" 
  2:  a  priest  who  is  a  member  of  a  cathedral  chapter 
  3:  (North  America)  a  ravine  formed  by  a  river  in  an  area  with 
  little  rainfall  [syn:  {canyon}] 
  4:  a  contrapuntal  piece  of  music  in  which  a  melody  in  one  part 
  is  imitated  exactly  in  other  parts 
  5:  a  collection  of  books  accepted  as  holy  scripture  especially 
  the  books  of  the  Bible  recognized  by  any  Christian  church 
  as  genuine  and  inspired 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Canon,  GA  (city,  FIPS  12932) 
  Location:  34.34619  N,  83.11072  W 
  Population  (1990):  737  (340  housing  units) 
  Area:  8.1  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  30520 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Canon 
  This  word  is  derived  from  a  Hebrew  and  Greek  word  denoting  a 
  reed  or  cane.  Hence  it  means  something  straight,  or  something  to 
  keep  straight;  and  hence  also  a  rule  or  something  ruled  or 
  measured.  It  came  to  be  applied  to  the  Scriptures,  to  denote 
  that  they  contained  the  authoritative  rule  of  faith  and 
  practice,  the  standard  of  doctrine  and  duty.  A  book  is  said  to 
  be  of  canonical  authority  when  it  has  a  right  to  take  a  place 
  with  the  other  books  which  contain  a  revelation  of  the  Divine 
  will  Such  a  right  does  not  arise  from  any  ecclesiastical 
  authority,  but  from  the  evidence  of  the  inspired  authorship  of 
  the  book.  The  canonical  (i.e.,  the  inspired)  books  of  the  Old 
  and  New  Testaments,  are  a  complete  rule  and  the  only  rule  of 
  faith  and  practice.  They  contain  the  whole  supernatural 
  revelation  of  God  to  men.  The  New  Testament  Canon  was  formed 
  gradually  under  divine  guidance.  The  different  books  as  they 
  were  written  came  into  the  possession  of  the  Christian 
  associations  which  began  to  be  formed  soon  after  the  day  of 
  Pentecost;  and  thus  slowly  the  canon  increased  till  all  the 
  books  were  gathered  together  into  one  collection  containing  the 
  whole  of  the  twenty-seven  New  Testament  inspired  books. 
  Historical  evidence  shows  that  from  about  the  middle  of  the 
  second  century  this  New  Testament  collection  was  substantially 
  such  as  we  now  possess.  Each  book  contained  in  it  is  proved  to 
  have  on  its  own  ground,  a  right  to  its  place  and  thus  the 
  whole  is  of  divine  authority. 
 
  The  Old  Testament  Canon  is  witnessed  to  by  the  New  Testament 
  writers.  Their  evidence  is  conclusive.  The  quotations  in  the  New 
  from  the  Old  are  very  numerous,  and  the  references  are  much  more 
  numerous.  These  quotations  and  references  by  our  Lord  and  the 
  apostles  most  clearly  imply  the  existence  at  that  time  of  a 
  well-known  and  publicly  acknowledged  collection  of  Hebrew 
  writings  under  the  designation  of  "The  Scriptures;"  "The  Law  and 
  the  Prophets  and  the  Psalms;"  "Moses  and  the  Prophets,"  etc  The 
  appeals  to  these  books,  moreover,  show  that  they  were  regarded 
  as  of  divine  authority,  finally  deciding  all  questions  of  which 
  they  treat;  and  that  the  whole  collection  so  recognized 
  consisted  only  of  the  thirty-nine  books  which  we  now  posses. 
  Thus  they  endorse  as  genuine  and  authentic  the  canon  of  the 
  Jewish  Scriptures.  The  Septuagint  Version  (q.v.)  also  contained 
  every  book  we  now  have  in  the  Old  Testament  Scriptures.  As  to 
  the  time  at  which  the  Old  Testament  canon  was  closed,  there  are 
  many  considerations  which  point  to  that  of  Ezra  and  Nehemiah, 
  immediately  after  the  return  from  Babylonian  exile.  (See  BIBLE 
  T0000580,  {EZRA},  {QUOTATIONS}.) 
 




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