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shaftmore about shaft


  3  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Shaft  \Shaft\,  n.  [OE.  shaft,  schaft,  AS  sceaft  akin  to  D. 
  schacht  OHG.  scaft,  G.  schaft,  Dan.  &  Sw  skaft  handle, 
  haft,  Icel.  skapt,  and  probably  to  L.  scapus,  Gr  ????,  ????, 
  a  staff.  Probably  originally,  a  shaven  or  smoothed  rod.  Cf 
  {Scape},  {Scepter},  {Shave}.] 
  1.  The  slender,  smooth  stem  of  an  arrow;  hence  an  arrow. 
  His  sleep,  his  meat,  his  drink,  is  him  bereft,  That 
  lean  he  wax,  and  dry  as  is  a  shaft.  --Chaucer. 
  A  shaft  hath  three  principal  parts  the  stele 
  [stale],  the  feathers,  and  the  head.  --Ascham. 
  2.  The  long  handle  of  a  spear  or  similar  weapon;  hence  the 
  weapon  itself  (Fig.)  anything  regarded  as  a  shaft  to  be 
  thrown  or  darted;  as  shafts  of  light. 
  And  the  thunder,  Winged  with  red  lightning  and 
  impetuous  rage,  Perhaps  hath  spent  his  shafts. 
  Some  kinds  of  literary  pursuits  .  .  .  have  been 
  attacked  with  all  the  shafts  of  ridicule.  --V.  Knox. 
  3.  That  which  resembles  in  some  degree  the  stem  or  handle  of 
  an  arrow  or  a  spear;  a  long,  slender  part  especially  when 
  cylindrical.  Specifically:  a  (Bot.)  The  trunk,  stem,  or 
  stalk  of  a  plant. 
  b  (Zo["o]l.)  The  stem  or  midrib  of  a  feather.  See 
  Illust.  of  {Feather}. 
  c  The  pole,  or  tongue,  of  a  vehicle;  also  a  thill. 
  d  The  part  of  a  candlestick  which  supports  its  branches. 
  Thou  shalt  make  a  candlestick  of  pure  gold  .  .  . 
  his  shaft,  and  his  branches,  his  bowls,  his 
  knops,  and  his  flowers,  shall  be  of  the  same 
  --Ex.  xxv.  31. 
  e  The  handle  or  helve  of  certain  tools,  instruments, 
  etc.,  as  a  hammer,  a  whip,  etc 
  f  A  pole,  especially  a  Maypole.  [Obs.]  --Stow. 
  g  (Arch.)  The  body  of  a  column;  the  cylindrical  pillar 
  between  the  capital  and  base  (see  Illust.  of 
  {Column}).  Also  the  part  of  a  chimney  above  the  roof. 
  Also  the  spire  of  a  steeple.  [Obs.  or  R.]  --Gwilt. 
  h  A  column,  an  obelisk,  or  other  spire-shaped  or 
  columnar  monument. 
  Bid  time  and  nature  gently  spare  The  shaft  we 
  raise  to  thee.  --Emerson. 
  i  (Weaving)  A  rod  at  the  end  of  a  heddle. 
  j  (Mach.)  A  solid  or  hollow  cylinder  or  bar,  having  one 
  or  more  journals  on  which  it  rests  and  revolves,  and 
  intended  to  carry  one  or  more  wheels  or  other 
  revolving  parts  and  to  transmit  power  or  motion;  as 
  the  shaft  of  a  steam  engine.  See  Illust.  of 
  4.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  humming  bird  ({Thaumastura  cora})  having  two 
  of  the  tail  feathers  next  to  the  middle  ones  very  long  in 
  the  male;  --  called  also  {cora  humming  bird}. 
  5.  [Cf.  G.  schacht.]  (Mining)  A  well-like  excavation  in  the 
  earth,  perpendicular  or  nearly  so  made  for  reaching  and 
  raising  ore,  for  raising  water,  etc 
  6.  A  long  passage  for  the  admission  or  outlet  of  air;  an  air 
  7.  The  chamber  of  a  blast  furnace. 
  {Line  shaft}  (Mach.),  a  main  shaft  of  considerable  length,  in 
  a  shop  or  factory,  usually  bearing  a  number  of  pulleys  by 
  which  machines  are  driven,  commonly  by  means  of 
  countershafts;  --  called  also  {line},  or  {main  line}. 
  {Shaft  alley}  (Naut.),  a  passage  extending  from  the  engine 
  room  to  the  stern,  and  containing  the  propeller  shaft. 
  {Shaft  furnace}  (Metal.),  a  furnace,  in  the  form  of  a 
  chimney,  which  is  charged  at  the  top  and  tapped  at  the 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Band  \Band\  (b[a^]nd),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Banded};  p.  pr  & 
  vb  n.  {Banding}.] 
  1.  To  bind  or  tie  with  a  band. 
  2.  To  mark  with  a  band. 
  3.  To  unite  in  a  troop,  company,  or  confederacy.  ``Banded 
  against  his  throne.''  --Milton. 
  {Banded  architrave},  {pier},  {shaft},  etc  (Arch.),  an 
  architrave,  pier,  etc.,  of  which  the  regular  profile  is 
  interrupted  by  blocks  or  projections  crossing  it  at  right 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  a  line  that  forms  the  length  of  an  arrow  pointer 
  2:  an  aggressive  remark  directed  at  a  person  like  a  missile  and 
  intended  to  have  a  telling  effect;  "his  parting  shot  was 
  `drop  dead'";  "she  threw  shafts  of  sarcasm";  "she  takes  a 
  dig  at  me  every  chance  she  gets"  [syn:  {shot},  {slam},  {dig}, 
  {barb},  {jibe},  {gibe}] 
  3:  a  long  rod  or  pole  (especially  the  handle  of  an  implement  or 
  the  body  of  a  weapon  like  a  spear  or  arrow) 
  4:  a  column  of  light  (as  from  a  beacon)  [syn:  {beam},  {beam  of 
  light},  {light  beam},  {ray},  {ray  of  light},  {shaft  of 
  5:  the  main  (mid)  section  of  a  long  bone  [syn:  {diaphysis}] 
  6:  obscene  terms  for  penis  [syn:  {cock},  {prick},  {dick},  {pecker}, 
  {peter},  {tool}] 
  7:  a  long  pointed  rod  used  as  a  weapon  [syn:  {spear},  {lance}] 
  8:  a  vertical  passageway  through  a  building  (as  for  an 
  9:  the  vertical  part  of  a  column 
  10:  a  vertical  passage  into  a  mine 
  11:  a  revolving  rod  that  transmits  power  or  motion  [syn:  {rotating 
  12:  the  hollow  shaft  of  a  feather  [syn:  {quill},  {calamus}] 
  v  :  defeat  someone  in  an  expectation  through  trickery  or  deceit 
  [syn:  {cheat},  {chouse},  {screw},  {chicane},  {jockey}] 

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