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sympathymore about sympathy


  3  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Sympathy  \Sym"pa*thy\,  n.  (Physiol.  &  Med.) 
  a  The  reciprocal  influence  exercised  by  organs  or  parts  on 
  one  another,  as  shown  in  the  effects  of  a  diseased 
  condition  of  one  part  on  another  part  or  organ,  as  in  the 
  vomiting  produced  by  a  tumor  of  the  brain. 
  b  The  influence  of  a  certain  psychological  state  in  one 
  person  in  producing  a  like  state  in  another. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Sympathy  \Sym"pa*thy\,  n.;  pl  {Sympathies}.  [F.  sympathie,  L. 
  sympathia  Gr  ?;  sy`n  with  +  ?  suffering,  passion,  fr  ?,  ?, 
  to  suffer.  See  {Syn-},  and  {Pathos}.] 
  1.  Feeling  corresponding  to  that  which  another  feels;  the 
  quality  of  being  affected  by  the  affection  of  another, 
  with  feelings  correspondent  in  kind  if  not  in  degree; 
  They  saw,  but  other  sight  instead  --  a  crowd  Of  ugly 
  serpents!  Horror  on  them  fell,  And  horrid  sympathy. 
  2.  An  agreement  of  affections  or  inclinations,  or  a 
  conformity  of  natural  temperament,  which  causes  persons  to 
  be  pleased,  or  in  accord,  with  one  another;  as  there  is 
  perfect  sympathy  between  them 
  3.  Kindness  of  feeling  toward  one  who  suffers;  pity; 
  commiseration;  compassion. 
  I  value  myself  upon  sympathy,  I  hate  and  despise 
  myself  for  envy.  --Kames. 
  4.  (Physiol.) 
  a  The  reciprocal  influence  exercised  by  the  various 
  organs  or  parts  of  the  body  on  one  another,  as 
  manifested  in  the  transmission  of  a  disease  by  unknown 
  means  from  one  organ  to  another  quite  remote,  or  in 
  the  influence  exerted  by  a  diseased  condition  of  one 
  part  on  another  part  or  organ,  as  in  the  vomiting 
  produced  by  a  tumor  of  the  brain. 
  b  That  relation  which  exists  between  different  persons 
  by  which  one  of  them  produces  in  the  others  a  state  or 
  condition  like  that  of  himself.  This  is  shown  in  the 
  tendency  to  yawn  which  a  person  often  feels  on  seeing 
  another  yawn,  or  the  strong  inclination  to  become 
  hysteric  experienced  by  many  women  on  seeing  another 
  person  suffering  with  hysteria. 
  5.  A  tendency  of  inanimate  things  to  unite,  or  to  act  on  each 
  other  as  the  sympathy  between  the  loadstone  and  iron. 
  6.  Similarity  of  function,  use  office,  or  the  like 
  The  adverb  has  most  sympathy  with  the  verb  --Earle. 
  Syn:  Pity;  fellow-feeling;  compassion;  commiseration; 
  tenderness;  condolence;  agreement. 
  Usage:  {Sympathy},  {Commiseration}.  Sympathy  is  literally  a 
  fellow-feeling  with  others  in  their  varied  conditions 
  of  joy  or  of  grief.  This  term,  however,  is  now  more 
  commonly  applied  to  a  fellow-feeling  with  others  under 
  affliction,  and  then  coincides  very  nearly  with 
  commiseration.  In  this  case  it  is  commonly  followed  by 
  for  as  to  feel  sympathy  for  a  friend  when  we  see  him 
  distressed.  The  verb  sympathize  is  followed  by  with 
  as  to  sympathize  with  a  friend  in  his  distresses  or 
  enjoyments.  ``Every  man  would  be  a  distinct  species  to 
  himself,  were  there  no  sympathy  among  individuals.'' 
  --South.  See  {Pity}. 
  Fault,  Acknowledged  and  deplored,  in  Adam 
  wrought  Commiseration.  --Milton. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  an  inclination  to  support  or  be  loyal  to  or  to  agree  with  an 
  opinion;  "his  sympathies  were  always  with  the  underdog"; 
  "I  knew  I  could  count  on  his  understanding"  [syn:  {understanding}] 
  2:  sharing  the  feelings  of  others  (especially  feelings  of 
  sorrow  or  anguish)  [syn:  {fellow  feeling}] 
  3:  a  relation  of  affinity  or  harmony  between  people;  whatever 
  affects  one  correspondingly  affects  the  other  "the  two  of 
  them  were  in  close  sympathy" 

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