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array

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array


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Array  \Ar*ray"\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Arrayed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Arraying}.]  [OE.  araien  arraien  fr  OE  arraier  arreier 
  arreer  arroier  fr  arrai.  See  {Array},  n.] 
  1.  To  place  or  dispose  in  order  as  troops  for  battle;  to 
  marshal. 
 
  By  torch  and  trumpet  fast  arrayed,  Each  horseman 
  drew  his  battle  blade.  --Campbell. 
 
  These  doubts  will  be  arrayed  before  their  minds. 
  --Farrar. 
 
  2.  To  deck  or  dress;  to  adorn  with  dress;  to  cloth  to 
  envelop;  --  applied  esp.  to  dress  of  a  splendid  kind 
 
  Pharaoh  .  .  .  arrayed  him  in  vestures  of  fine  linen. 
  --Gen.  xli.?. 
 
  In  gelid  caves  with  horrid  gloom  arrayed. 
  --Trumbull. 
 
  3.  (Law)  To  set  in  order  as  a  jury,  for  the  trial  of  a 
  cause  that  is  to  call  them  man  by  man.  --Blackstone. 
 
  {To  array  a  panel},  to  set  forth  in  order  the  men  that  are 
  impaneled.  --Cowell.  --Tomlins. 
 
  Syn:  To  draw  up  arrange;  dispose;  set  in  order 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Array  \Ar*ray"\,  n.  [OE.  arai,  arrai,  OF  arrai,  arrei  arroi 
  order  arrangement,  dress,  F.  arroi  a  (L.  ad)  +  OF  rai, 
  rei,  roi,  order  arrangement,  fr  G.  or  Scand.;  cf  Goth. 
  raidjan  garaidjan  to  arrange,  MHG.  gereiten  Icel. 
  rei[eth]i  rigging,  harness;  akin  to  E.  ready.  Cf  {Ready}, 
  {Greith},  {Curry}.] 
  1.  Order  a  regular  and  imposing  arrangement;  disposition  in 
  regular  lines;  hence  order  of  battle;  as  drawn  up  in 
  battle  array. 
 
  Wedged  together  in  the  closest  array.  --Gibbon. 
 
  2.  The  whole  body  of  persons  thus  placed  in  order  an  orderly 
  collection;  hence  a  body  of  soldiers. 
 
  A  gallant  array  of  nobles  and  cavaliers.  --Prescott. 
 
  3.  An  imposing  series  of  things 
 
  Their  long  array  of  sapphire  and  of  gold.  --Byron. 
 
  4.  Dress;  garments  disposed  in  order  upon  the  person;  rich  or 
  beautiful  apparel.  --Dryden. 
 
  5.  (Law) 
  a  A  ranking  or  setting  forth  in  order  by  the  proper 
  officer,  of  a  jury  as  impaneled  in  a  cause 
  b  The  panel  itself 
  c  The  whole  body  of  jurors  summoned  to  attend  the  court. 
 
  {To  challenge  the  array}  (Law),  to  except  to  the  whole  panel. 
  --Cowell.  --Tomlins.  --Blount. 
 
  {Commission  of  array}  (Eng.  Hist.),  a  commission  given  by  the 
  prince  to  officers  in  every  county,  to  muster  and  array 
  the  inhabitants,  or  see  them  in  a  condition  for  war. 
  --Blackstone. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  array 
  n  1:  an  orderly  arrangement:  "an  array  of  troops  in  battle  order" 
  2:  an  impressive  display;  "it  was  a  bewildering  array  of 
  books";  "his  tools  were  in  an  orderly  array  on  the 
  basement  wall" 
  3:  especially  fine  or  decorative  clothing  [syn:  {finery},  {raiment}, 
  {regalia}] 
  4:  an  arrangement  of  aerials  spaced  to  give  desired  directional 
  characteristics 
  v  1:  lay  out  in  a  line  [syn:  {range},  {lay  out},  {set  out}] 
  2:  align  oneself  with  a  group  or  a  way  of  thinking  [syn:  {align}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  array 
 
  1.    A  collection  of  identically  typed  data  items 
  distinguished  by  their  indices  (or  "subscripts").  The  number 
  of  dimensions  an  array  can  have  depends  on  the  language  but  is 
  usually  unlimited. 
 
  A  single  ordinary  variable  (a  "{scalar}")  could  be  considered 
  as  a  zero-dimensional  array.  A  one-dimensional  array  is  also 
  known  as  a  "{vector}". 
 
  A  reference  to  an  array  element  is  written  something  like 
  A[i,j,k]  where  A  is  the  array  name  and  i,  j  and  k  are  the 
  indices.  The  {C}  language  is  peculiar  in  that  each  index  is 
  written  in  separate  brackets,  e.g.  A[i][j][k].  This  expresses 
  the  fact  that  in  C,  an  N-dimensional  array  is  actually  a 
  vector,  each  of  whose  elements  is  an  N-1  dimensional  array. 
 
  Elements  of  an  array  are  usually  stored  contiguously. 
  Languages  differ  as  to  whether  the  leftmost  or  rightmost  index 
  varies  most  rapidly,  i.e.  whether  each  row  is  stored 
  contiguously  or  each  column  (for  a  2D  array). 
 
  Arrays  are  appropriate  for  storing  data  which  must  be  accessed 
  in  an  unpredictable  order  in  contrast  to  {lists}  which  are 
  best  when  accessed  sequentially. 
 
  See  also  {associative  array}. 
 
  2.    A  {processor  array},  not  to  be  confused  with 
  an  {array  processor}. 
 
  (1995-01-25) 
 
 




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