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fungi

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fungi


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fungi  \Fun"gi\,  n.  pl  (Bot.) 
  A  group  of  thallophytic  plants  of  low  organization,  destitute 
  of  chlorophyll,  in  which  reproduction  is  mainly  accomplished 
  by  means  of  asexual  spores,  which  are  produced  in  a  great 
  variety  of  ways,  though  sexual  reproduction  is  known  to  occur 
  in  certain  {Phycomycetes},  or  so-called  algal  fungi. 
 
  Note:  The  Fungi  appear  to  have  originated  by  degeneration 
  from  various  alg[ae],  losing  their  chlorophyll  on 
  assuming  a  parasitic  or  saprophytic  life.  By  some  they 
  are  divided  into  the  subclasses  {Phycomycetes},  the 
  lower  or  algal  fungi;  the  {Mesomycetes},  or 
  intermediate  fungi;  and  the  {Mycomycetes},  or  the 
  higher  fungi;  by  others  into  the  {Phycomycetes};  the 
  {Ascomycetes},  or  sac-spore  fungi;  and  the 
  {Basidiomycetes},  or  basidial-spore  fungi. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fungi  \Fun"gi\,  n.  pl  (Bot.) 
  See  {Fungus}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Fungus  \Fun"gus\,  n.;  pl  L.  {Fungi},  E.  {Funguses}.  [L.,  a 
  mushroom;  perh.  akin  to  a  doubtful  Gr  ?  sponge,  for  ?;if  so 
  cf  E.  sponge.] 
  1.  (Bot.)  Any  one  of  the  Fungi,  a  large  and  very  complex 
  group  of  thallophytes  of  low  organization,  --  the  molds, 
  mildews,  rusts,  smuts,  mushrooms,  toadstools,  puff  balls, 
  and  the  allies  of  each 
 
  Note:  The  fungi  are  all  destitute  of  chorophyll,  and 
  therefore,  to  be  supplied  with  elaborated  nourishment, 
  must  live  as  saprophytes  or  parasites.  They  range  in 
  size  from  single  microscopic  cells  to  systems  of 
  entangled  threads  many  feet  in  extent,  which  develop 
  reproductive  bodies  as  large  as  a  man's  head.  The 
  vegetative  system  consists  of  septate  or  rarely 
  unseptate  filaments  called  hyph[ae];  the  aggregation  of 
  hyph[ae]  into  structures  of  more  or  less  definite  form 
  is  known  as  the  mycelium.  See  Fungi,  in  the  Supplement. 
 
  2.  (Med.)  A  spongy,  morbid  growth  or  granulation  in  animal 
  bodies,  as  the  proud  flesh  of  wounds.  --Hoblyn. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cryptogamia  \Cryp`to*ga"mi*a\  (kr?p`t?-g?"m?-?),  n.;  pl 
  {Cryptogami[ae]}  (-?).  [NL.,  fr  Gr  krypto`s  hidden,  secret 
  +  ga`mos  marriage.]  (Bot.) 
  The  series  or  division  of  flowerless  plants,  or  those  never 
  having  true  stamens  and  pistils,  but  propagated  by  spores  of 
  various  kinds. 
 
  Note:  The  subdivisions  have  been  variously  arranged.  The 
  following  arrangement  recognizes  four  classes:  --  I. 
  {{Pteridophyta},  or  {Vascular  Acrogens}.}  These  include 
  Ferns,  {Equiseta}  or  Scouring  rushes,  {Lycopodiace[ae]} 
  or  Club  mosses,  {Selaginelle[ae]},  and  several  other 
  smaller  orders  Here  belonged  also  the  extinct  coal 
  plants  called  {Lepidodendron},  {Sigillaria},  and 
  {Calamites}.  II  {{Bryophita},  or  {Cellular  Acrogens}}. 
  These  include  {Musci},  or  Mosses,  {Hepatic[ae]},  or 
  Scale  mosses  and  Liverworts,  and  possibly 
  {Charace[ae]},  the  Stoneworts.  III.  {{Alg[ae]}},  which 
  are  divided  into  {Floride[ae]},  the  Red  Seaweeds,  and 
  the  orders  {Dictyote[ae]},  {O["o]spore[ae]}, 
  {Zo["o]spore[ae]},  {Conjugat[ae]},  {Diatomace[ae]},  and 
  {Cryptophyce[ae]}.  IV  {{Fungi}}.  The  molds,  mildews, 
  mushrooms,  puffballs,  etc.,  which  are  variously  grouped 
  into  several  subclasses  and  many  orders  The  {Lichenes} 
  or  Lichens  are  now  considered  to  be  of  a  mixed  nature, 
  each  plant  partly  a  Fungus  and  partly  an  Alga. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Fungi 
  n  1:  the  taxonomic  kingdom  of  lower  plants  [syn:  {Fungi},  {kingdom 
  Fungi},  {fungus  kingdom}] 
  2:  (pun)  the  one  who  buys  the  drinks 




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