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jubilee

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jubilee


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Jubilee  \Ju"bi*lee\,  n.  [F.  jubil['e],  L.  jubilaeus  Gr  ?,  fr 
  Heb.  y?bel  the  blast  of  a  trumpet,  also  the  grand  sabbatical 
  year,  which  was  announced  by  sound  of  trumpet.] 
  1.  (Jewish  Hist.)  Every  fiftieth  year,  being  the  year 
  following  the  completion  of  each  seventh  sabbath  of  years, 
  at  which  time  all  the  slaves  of  Hebrew  blood  were 
  liberated,  and  all  lands  which  had  been  alienated  during 
  the  whole  period  reverted  to  their  former  owners.  [In  this 
  sense  spelled  also  in  some  English  Bibles,  {jubile}.] 
  --Lev.  xxv.  8-17. 
 
  2.  The  joyful  commemoration  held  on  the  fiftieth  anniversary 
  of  any  event;  as  the  jubilee  of  Queen  Victoria's  reign; 
  the  jubilee  of  the  American  Board  of  Missions. 
 
  3.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  A  church  solemnity  or  ceremony  celebrated  at 
  Rome,  at  stated  intervals,  originally  of  one  hundred 
  years,  but  latterly  of  twenty-five;  a  plenary  and 
  extraordinary  indulgence  grated  by  the  sovereign  pontiff 
  to  the  universal  church.  One  invariable  condition  of 
  granting  this  indulgence  is  the  confession  of  sins  and 
  receiving  of  the  eucharist. 
 
  4.  A  season  of  general  joy. 
 
  The  town  was  all  a  jubilee  of  feasts.  --Dryden. 
 
  5.  A  state  of  joy  or  exultation.  [R.]  ``In  the  jubilee  of  his 
  spirits.''  --Sir  W.  Scott. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Diamond  anniversary  \Diamond  anniversary\,  jubilee  \jubilee\, 
  etc 
  One  celebrated  upon  the  completion  of  sixty,  or  according  to 
  some  seventy-five,  years  from  the  beginning  of  the  thing 
  commemorated. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  jubilee 
  n  :  a  special  anniversary 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Jubilee 
  a  joyful  shout  or  clangour  of  trumpets,  the  name  of  the  great 
  semi-centennial  festival  of  the  Hebrews.  It  lasted  for  a  year. 
  During  this  year  the  land  was  to  be  fallow,  and  the  Israelites 
  were  only  permitted  to  gather  the  spontaneous  produce  of  the 
  fields  (Lev.  25:11,  12).  All  landed  property  during  that  year 
  reverted  to  its  original  owner  (13-34;  27:16-24),  and  all  who 
  were  slaves  were  set  free  (25:39-54),  and  all  debts  were 
  remitted. 
 
  The  return  of  the  jubilee  year  was  proclaimed  by  a  blast  of 
  trumpets  which  sounded  throughout  the  land.  There  is  no  record 
  in  Scripture  of  the  actual  observance  of  this  festival,  but 
  there  are  numerous  allusions  (Isa.  5:7,  8,  9,  10;  61:1,  2;  Ezek. 
  7:12,  13;  Neh.  5:1-19;  2  Chr.  36:21)  which  place  it  beyond  a 
  doubt  that  it  was  observed. 
 
  The  advantages  of  this  institution  were  manifold.  "1.  It  would 
  prevent  the  accumulation  of  land  on  the  part  of  a  few  to  the 
  detriment  of  the  community  at  large  2.  It  would  render  it 
  impossible  for  any  one  to  be  born  to  absolute  poverty,  since 
  every  one  had  his  hereditary  land.  3.  It  would  preclude  those 
  inequalities  which  are  produced  by  extremes  of  riches  and 
  poverty,  and  which  make  one  man  domineer  over  another.  4.  It 
  would  utterly  do  away  with  slavery.  5.  It  would  afford  a  fresh 
  opportunity  to  those  who  were  reduced  by  adverse  circumstances 
  to  begin  again  their  career  of  industry  in  the  patrimony  which 
  they  had  temporarily  forfeited.  6.  It  would  periodically  rectify 
  the  disorders  which  crept  into  the  state  in  the  course  of  time, 
  preclude  the  division  of  the  people  into  nobles  and  plebeians, 
  and  preserve  the  theocracy  inviolate." 
 




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