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absolute

more about absolute

absolute


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Absolute  \Ab"so*lute\,  n.  (Geom.) 
  In  a  plane,  the  two  imaginary  circular  points  at  infinity;  in 
  space  of  three  dimensions,  the  imaginary  circle  at  infinity. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Absolute  \Ab"so*lute\,  a.  [L.  absolutus  p.  p.  of  absolvere:  cf 
  F.  absolu.  See  {Absolve}.] 
  1.  Loosed  from  any  limitation  or  condition;  uncontrolled; 
  unrestricted;  unconditional;  as  absolute  authority, 
  monarchy,  sovereignty,  an  absolute  promise  or  command; 
  absolute  power;  an  absolute  monarch. 
 
  2.  Complete  in  itself  perfect;  consummate;  faultless;  as 
  absolute  perfection;  absolute  beauty. 
 
  So  absolute  she  seems  And  in  herself  complete. 
  --Milton. 
 
  3.  Viewed  apart  from  modifying  influences  or  without 
  comparison  with  other  objects;  actual;  real;  --  opposed  to 
  {relative}  and  {comparative};  as  absolute  motion; 
  absolute  time  or  space. 
 
  Note:  Absolute  rights  and  duties  are  such  as  pertain  to  man 
  in  a  state  of  nature  as  contradistinguished  from 
  relative  rights  and  duties,  or  such  as  pertain  to  him 
  in  his  social  relations. 
 
  4.  Loosed  from  or  unconnected  by  dependence  on  any  other 
  being  self-existent;  self-sufficing. 
 
  Note:  In  this  sense  God  is  called  the  Absolute  by  the  Theist. 
  The  term  is  also  applied  by  the  Pantheist  to  the 
  universe,  or  the  total  of  all  existence,  as  only 
  capable  of  relations  in  its  parts  to  each  other  and  to 
  the  whole,  and  as  dependent  for  its  existence  and  its 
  phenomena  on  its  mutually  depending  forces  and  their 
  laws. 
 
  5.  Capable  of  being  thought  or  conceived  by  itself  alone; 
  unconditioned;  non-relative. 
 
  Note:  It  is  in  dispute  among  philosopher  whether  the  term,  in 
  this  sense  is  not  applied  to  a  mere  logical  fiction  or 
  abstraction,  or  whether  the  absolute,  as  thus  defined, 
  can  be  known  as  a  reality,  by  the  human  intellect. 
 
  To  Cusa  we  can  indeed  articulately  trace,  word 
  and  thing  the  recent  philosophy  of  the  absolute. 
  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  6.  Positive;  clear;  certain;  not  doubtful.  [R.] 
 
  I  am  absolute  't  was  very  Cloten.  --Shak. 
 
  7.  Authoritative;  peremptory.  [R.] 
 
  The  peddler  stopped,  and  tapped  her  on  the  head, 
  With  absolute  forefinger,  brown  and  ringed.  --Mrs. 
  Browning. 
 
  8.  (Chem.)  Pure;  unmixed;  as  absolute  alcohol. 
 
  9.  (Gram.)  Not  immediately  dependent  on  the  other  parts  of 
  the  sentence  in  government;  as  the  case  absolute.  See 
  {Ablative  absolute},  under  {Ablative}. 
 
  {Absolute  curvature}  (Geom.),  that  curvature  of  a  curve  of 
  double  curvature,  which  is  measured  in  the  osculating 
  plane  of  the  curve. 
 
  {Absolute  equation}  (Astron.),  the  sum  of  the  optic  and 
  eccentric  equations. 
 
  {Absolute  space}  (Physics),  space  considered  without  relation 
  to  material  limits  or  objects. 
 
  {Absolute  terms}.  (Alg.),  such  as  are  known  or  which  do  not 
  contain  the  unknown  quantity.  --Davies  &  Peck. 
 
  {Absolute  temperature}  (Physics),  the  temperature  as  measured 
  on  a  scale  determined  by  certain  general  thermo-dynamic 
  principles,  and  reckoned  from  the  absolute  zero. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  absolute 
  adj  1:  perfect  or  complete  or  pure;  "absolute  loyalty";  "absolute 
  silence";  "absolute  truth";  "absolute  alcohol"  [ant:  {relative}] 
  2:  complete  and  without  restriction  or  qualification;  sometimes 
  used  informally  as  intensifiers;  "absolute  freedom";  "an 
  absolute  dimwit";  "a  downright  lie";  "out-and-out  mayhem"; 
  "an  out-and-out  lie";  "a  rank  outsider";  "many  right-down 
  vices";  "got  the  job  through  sheer  persistence";  "sheer 
  stupidity"  [syn:  {downright},  {out-and-out(a)},  {rank(a)}, 
  {right-down},  {sheer(a)}] 
  3:  not  limited  by  law;  "an  absolute  monarch" 
  4:  expressing  finality  with  no  implication  of  possible  change; 
  "an  absolute  (or  unequivocal)  quarantee  to  respect  the 
  nation's  authority";  "inability  to  make  a  conclusive  (or 
  unequivocal)  refusal"  [syn:  {conclusive}] 
  5:  without  conditions  or  limitations;  "a  total  ban"  [syn:  {total}, 
  {unconditioned}] 
  6:  not  capable  of  being  violated  or  infringed;  "infrangible 
  human  rights"  [syn:  {infrangible},  {inviolable}] 
  n  :  something  that  is  conceived  to  be  absolute;  something  that 
  does  not  depends  on  anything  else  and  is  beyond  human 
  control;  "no  mortal  being  can  influence  the  absolute" 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  ABSOLUTE,  adj  Independent,  irresponsible.  An  absolute  monarchy  is 
  one  in  which  the  sovereign  does  as  he  pleases  so  long  as  he  pleases 
  the  assassins.  Not  many  absolute  monarchies  are  left  most  of  them 
  having  been  replaced  by  limited  monarchies,  where  the  sovereign's 
  power  for  evil  (and  for  good)  is  greatly  curtailed,  and  by  republics, 
  which  are  governed  by  chance. 
 
 




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