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pronunciation


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Pronunciation  \Pro*nun`ci*a"tion\  (?;  277),  n.  [F. 
  pronunciation,  L.  pronunciatio.  See  {Pronounce}.] 
  1.  The  act  of  uttering  with  articulation;  the  act  of  giving 
  the  proper  sound  and  accent;  utterance;  as  the 
  pronunciation  of  syllables  of  words  distinct  or 
  indistinct  pronunciation. 
 
  2.  The  mode  of  uttering  words  or  sentences. 
 
  3.  (Rhet.)  The  art  of  manner  of  uttering  a  discourse  publicly 
  with  propriety  and  gracefulness;  --  now  called  {delivery}. 
  --J.  Q.  Adams. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  pronunciation 
  n  :  the  manner  of  uttering  a  word 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  Pronunciation 
 
  In  this  dictionary  slashes  (/../)  bracket  phonetic 
  pronunciations  of  words  not  found  in  a  standard  English 
  dictionary  The  notation,  and  many  of  the  pronunciations,  was 
  adapted  from  the  Hacker's  {Jargon  File}. 
 
  Syllables  are  separated  by  {dash}  or  followed  {single  quote} 
  or  {back  quote}.  Single  quote  means  the  preceding  syllable  is 
  stressed  (louder),  back  quote  follows  a  syllable  with 
  intermediate  stress  (slightly  louder),  otherwise  all  syllables 
  are  equally  stressed. 
 
  Consonants  are  pronounced  as  in  English  but  note: 
 
  ch  soft,  as  in  church" 
  g  hard,  as  in  got" 
  gh  aspirated  g+h  of  bughouse"  or  ragheap" 
  j  voiced,  as  in  judge" 
  kh  guttural  of  loch"  or  "l'chaim" 
  s  unvoiced,  as  in  pass" 
  zh  as  s"  in  pleasure" 
 
  Uppercase  letters  are  pronounced  as  their  English  letter 
  names  thus  (for  example)  /H-L-L/  is  equivalent  to  /aych  el 
  el/.  /Z/  is  pronounced  /zee/  in  the  US  and  /zed/  in  the  UK 
  (elsewhere?). 
 
  Vowels  are  represented  as  follows: 
 
  a  back  that 
  ah  father,  palm  (see  note) 
  ar  far  mark 
  aw  flaw,  caught 
  ay  bake,  rain 
  e  less  men 
  ee  easy,  ski 
  eir  their  software 
  i  trip,  hit 
  i:  life,  sky 
  o  block,  stock  (see  note) 
  oh  flow,  sew 
  oo  loot,  through 
  or  more  door 
  ow  out  how 
  oy  boy,  coin 
  uh  but  some 
  u  put  foot 
  *r  fur,  insert  (only  in  stressed 
  syllables;  otherwise  use  just  "r") 
  y  yet  young 
  yoo  few  chew 
  [y]oo  /oo/  with  optional  fronting  as 
  in  `news'  (/nooz/  or  /nyooz/) 
 
  A  /*/  is  used  for  the  `schwa'  sound  of  unstressed  or  occluded 
  vowels  (often  written  with  an  upside-down  `e').  The  schwa 
  vowel  is  omitted  in  unstressed  syllables  containing  vocalic  l, 
  m,  n  or  r;  that  is  kitten"  and  colour"  would  be  rendered 
  /kit'n/  and  /kuhl'r/,  not  /kit'*n/  and  /kuhl'*r/. 
 
  The  above  table  reflects  mainly  distinctions  found  in  standard 
  American  English  (that  is  the  neutral  dialect  spoken  by  TV 
  network  announcers  and  typical  of  educated  speech  in  the  Upper 
  Midwest,  Chicago,  Minneapolis/St.Paul  and  Philadelphia). 
  However,  we  separate  /o/  from  /ah/,  which  tend  to  merge  in 
  standard  American.  This  may  help  readers  accustomed  to 
  accents  resembling  British  Received  Pronunciation. 
 
  Entries  with  a  pronunciation  of  `//'  are  written-only. 
 
  (1997-12-10) 
 
 




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