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surfacemore about surface


  7  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Adjusting  plane  \Adjusting  plane\  or  surface  \surface\ 
  A  small  plane  or  surface,  usually  capable  of  adjustment  but 
  not  of  manipulation,  for  preserving  lateral  balance  in  an 
  a["e]roplane  or  flying  machine. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Pedal  \Pe"dal\,  a.  [L.  pedalis,  fr  pes,  pedis,  foot.  See 
  {Foot},  and  cf  {Pew}.] 
  1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  foot,  or  to  feet,  literally  or 
  figuratively;  specifically  (Zo["o]l.),  pertaining  to  the 
  foot  of  a  mollusk;  as  the  pedal  ganglion. 
  2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  pedal;  having  pedals. 
  {Pedal  curve}  or  {surface}  (Geom.),  the  curve  or  surface 
  which  is  the  locus  of  the  feet  of  perpendiculars  let  fall 
  from  a  fixed  point  upon  the  straight  lines  tangent  to  a 
  given  curve,  or  upon  the  planes  tangent  to  a  given 
  {Pedal  note}  (Mus.),  the  note  which  is  held  or  sustained 
  through  an  organ  point.  See  {Organ  point},  under  {Organ}. 
  {Pedal  organ}  (Mus.),  an  organ  which  has  pedals  or  a  range  of 
  keys  moved  by  the  feet;  that  portion  of  a  full  organ  which 
  is  played  with  the  feet. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Surface  \Sur"face`\,  n.  [F.  See  {Sur-},  and  {Face},  and  cf 
  1.  The  exterior  part  of  anything  that  has  length  and  breadth; 
  one  of  the  limits  that  bound  a  solid,  esp.  the  upper  face; 
  superficies;  the  outside;  as  the  surface  of  the  earth; 
  the  surface  of  a  diamond;  the  surface  of  the  body. 
  The  bright  surface  of  this  ethereous  mold.  --Milton. 
  2.  Hence  outward  or  external  appearance. 
  Vain  and  weak  understandings,  which  penetrate  no 
  deeper  than  the  surface.  --V.  Knox. 
  3.  (Geom.)  A  magnitude  that  has  length  and  breadth  without 
  thickness;  superficies;  as  a  plane  surface;  a  spherical 
  4.  (Fort.)  That  part  of  the  side  which  is  terminated  by  the 
  flank  prolonged,  and  the  angle  of  the  nearest  bastion. 
  {Caustic  surface},  {Heating  surface},  etc  See  under 
  {Caustic},  {Heating},  etc 
  {Surface  condensation},  {Surface  condenser}.  See  under 
  {Condensation},  and  {Condenser}. 
  {Surface  gauge}  (Mach.),  an  instrument  consisting  of  a 
  standard  having  a  flat  base  and  carrying  an  adjustable 
  pointer,  for  gauging  the  evenness  of  a  surface  or  its 
  height,  or  for  marking  a  line  parallel  with  a  surface. 
  {Surface  grub}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  larva  of  the  great  yellow 
  underwing  moth  ({Triph[oe]na  pronuba}).  It  is  often 
  destructive  to  the  roots  of  grasses  and  other  plants. 
  {Surface  plate}  (Mach.),  a  plate  having  an  accurately  dressed 
  flat  surface,  used  as  a  standard  of  flatness  by  which  to 
  test  other  surfaces. 
  {Surface  printing},  printing  from  a  surface  in  relief,  as 
  from  type  in  distinction  from  plate  printing,  in  which 
  the  ink  is  contained  in  engraved  lines. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Surface  \Sur"face\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Surfaced};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Surfacing}.] 
  1.  To  give  a  surface  to  especially,  to  cause  to  have  a 
  smooth  or  plain  surface;  to  make  smooth  or  plain. 
  2.  To  work  over  the  surface  or  soil  of  as  ground,  in  hunting 
  for  gold. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Polar  \Po"lar\,  a.  [Cf.  F.  polaire.  See  {Pole}  of  the  earth.] 
  1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  one  of  the  poles  of  the  earth,  or  of  a 
  sphere;  situated  near  or  proceeding  from  one  of  the 
  poles;  as  polar  regions;  polar  seas;  polar  winds. 
  2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  magnetic  pole,  or  to  the  point  to 
  which  the  magnetic  needle  is  directed. 
  3.  (Geom.)  Pertaining  to  reckoned  from  or  having  a  common 
  radiating  point;  as  polar  co["o]rdinates. 
  {Polar  axis},  that  axis  of  an  astronomical  instrument,  as  an 
  equatorial,  which  is  parallel  to  the  earths  axis. 
  {Polar  bear}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  bear  ({Ursus,  or  Thalarctos, 
  maritimus})  inhabiting  the  arctic  regions.  It  sometimes 
  measures  nearly  nine  feet  in  length  and  weighs  1,600 
  pounds.  It  is  partially  amphibious,  very  powerful,  and  the 
  most  carnivorous  of  all  the  bears.  The  fur  is  white, 
  tinged  with  yellow.  Called  also  {White  bear}.  See  {Bear}. 
  {Polar  body},  {cell},  or  {globule}  (Biol.),  a  minute  cell 
  which  separates  by  karyokinesis  from  the  ovum  during  its 
  maturation.  In  the  maturation  of  ordinary  ova  two  polar 
  bodies  are  formed,  but  in  parthogenetic  ova  only  one  The 
  first  polar  body  formed  is  usually  larger  than  the  second 
  one  and  often  divides  into  two  after  its  separation  from 
  the  ovum.  Each  of  the  polar  bodies  removes  maternal 
  chromatin  from  the  ovum  to  make  room  for  the  chromatin  of 
  the  fertilizing  spermatozo["o]n;  but  their  functions  are 
  not  fully  understood. 
  {Polar  circles}  (Astron.  &  Geog.),  two  circles,  each  at  a 
  distance  from  a  pole  of  the  earth  equal  to  the  obliquity 
  of  the  ecliptic,  or  about  23[deg]  28',  the  northern  called 
  the  arctic  circle,  and  the  southern  the  antarctic  circle. 
  {Polar  clock},  a  tube,  containing  a  polarizing  apparatus, 
  turning  on  an  axis  parallel  to  that  of  the  earth,  and 
  indicating  the  hour  of  the  day  on  an  hour  circle,  by  being 
  turned  toward  the  plane  of  maximum  polarization  of  the 
  light  of  the  sky,  which  is  always  90[deg]  from  the  sun. 
  {Polar  co["o]rdinates}.  See  under  3d  {Co["o]rdinate}. 
  {Polar  dial},  a  dial  whose  plane  is  parallel  to  a  great 
  circle  passing  through  the  poles  of  the  earth.  --Math. 
  {Polar  distance},  the  angular  distance  of  any  point  on  a 
  sphere  from  one  of  its  poles,  particularly  of  a  heavenly 
  body  from  the  north  pole  of  the  heavens. 
  {Polar  equation  of  a  line}  or  {surface},  an  equation  which 
  expresses  the  relation  between  the  polar  co["o]rdinates  of 
  every  point  of  the  line  or  surface. 
  {Polar  forces}  (Physics),  forces  that  are  developed  and  act 
  in  pairs,  with  opposite  tendencies  or  properties  in  the 
  two  elements,  as  magnetism,  electricity,  etc 
  {Polar  hare}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  large  hare  of  Arctic  America 
  ({Lepus  arcticus}),  which  turns  pure  white  in  winter.  It 
  is  probably  a  variety  of  the  common  European  hare  ({L. 
  {Polar  lights},  the  aurora  borealis  or  australis. 
  {Polar},  or  {Polaric},  {opposition}  or  {contrast}  (Logic),  an 
  opposition  or  contrast  made  by  the  existence  of  two 
  opposite  conceptions  which  are  the  extremes  in  a  species, 
  as  white  and  black  in  colors;  hence  as  great  an 
  opposition  or  contrast  as  possible. 
  {Polar  projection}.  See  under  {Projection}. 
  {Polar  spherical  triangle}  (Spherics),  a  spherical  triangle 
  whose  three  angular  points  are  poles  of  the  sides  of  a 
  given  triangle.  See  4th  {Pole},  2. 
  {Polar  whale}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  right  whale,  or  bowhead.  See 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Cylindric  \Cy*lin"dric\  (s?-l?n"dr?k),  Cylindrical 
  \Cy*lin"dric*al\  (-dr?-kal),  a.  [Gr.  kylindriko`s,  from 
  ky`lindros  cylinder:  cf  F.  cylindrique.] 
  Having  the  form  of  a  cylinder,  or  of  a  section  of  its  convex 
  surface;  partaking  of  the  properties  of  the  cylinder. 
  {Cylindrical  lens},  a  lens  having  one  or  more  than  one 
  cylindrical  surface. 
  {Cylindric,  or  Cylindrical},  {surface}  (Geom.),  a  surface 
  described  by  a  straight  line  that  moves  according  to  any 
  law,  but  so  as  to  be  constantly  parallel  to  a  given  line 
  {Cylindrical  vault}.  (Arch.)  See  under  {Vault},  n. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  adj  1:  on  the  surface;  "surface  materials  of  the  moon"  [ant:  {subsurface}, 
  2:  involving  a  surface  only;  "her  beauty  is  only  skin-deep"; 
  "superficial  bruising";  "a  surface  wound"  [syn:  {skin-deep}, 
  {superficial},  {surface(a)}] 
  n  1:  the  outer  boundary  of  an  object  or  a  material  layer 
  constituting  or  resembling  such  a  boundary;  "there  is  a 
  special  cleaner  for  these  surfaces";  "the  cloth  had  a 
  pattern  of  red  dots  on  a  white  surface" 
  2:  the  extended  two-dimensional  outer  boundary  of  a 
  three-dimensional  object;  "they  skimmed  over  the  surface 
  of  the  water";  "a  brush  small  enough  to  clean  every  dental 
  surface";  "the  sun  has  no  distinct  surface" 
  3:  the  outermost  level  of  the  land  or  sea;  "earthquakes 
  originate  far  below  the  surface";  "three  quarters  of  the 
  Earth's  surface  is  covered  by  water"  [syn:  {Earth's 
  4:  a  superficial  aspect  as  opposed  to  the  real  nature  of 
  something  "it  was  not  what  it  appeared  to  be  on  the 
  5:  information  that  has  become  public;  "all  the  reports  were 
  out  in  the  open";  "the  facts  had  been  brought  to  the 
  surface"  [syn:  {open}] 
  6:  a  device  that  provides  reactive  force  when  in  motion 
  relative  to  the  surrounding  air;  can  lift  or  control  a 
  plane  in  flight  [syn:  {airfoil},  {aerofoil},  {control 
  v  1:  come  to  the  surface  [syn:  {come  up},  {rise  up},  {rise}] 
  2:  put  a  coat  on  cover  the  surface  of  furnish  with  a  surface; 
  "coat  the  cake  with  cholocate"  [syn:  {coat}] 
  3:  appear  or  become  visible;  make  a  showing;  "She  turned  up  at 
  the  funeral";  "I  hope  the  list  key  is  going  to  surface 
  again"  [syn:  {come  on},  {come  out},  {turn  up},  {show  up}] 

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