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  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Artificial  \Ar`ti*fi"cial\,  a.  [L.  artificialis  fr  artificium: 
  cf  F.  artificiel  See  {Artifice}.] 
  1.  Made  or  contrived  by  art;  produced  or  modified  by  human 
  skill  and  labor,  in  opposition  to  natural;  as  artificial 
  heat  or  light,  gems,  salts,  minerals,  fountains,  flowers. 
  Artificial  strife  Lives  in  these  touches,  livelier 
  than  life.  --Shak. 
  2.  Feigned;  fictitious;  assumed;  affected;  not  genuine. 
  ``Artificial  tears.''  --Shak. 
  3.  Artful;  cunning;  crafty.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
  4.  Cultivated;  not  indigenous;  not  of  spontaneous  growth;  as 
  artificial  grasses.  --Gibbon. 
  {Artificial  arguments}  (Rhet.),  arguments  invented  by  the 
  speaker,  in  distinction  from  laws,  authorities,  and  the 
  like  which  are  called  inartificial  arguments  or  proofs. 
  {Artificial  classification}  (Science),  an  arrangement  based 
  on  superficial  characters,  and  not  expressing  the  true 
  natural  relations  species;  as  ``the  artificial  system'' 
  in  botany,  which  is  the  same  as  the  Linn[ae]an  system. 
  {Artificial  horizon}.  See  under  {Horizon}. 
  {Artificial  light},  any  light  other  than  that  which  proceeds 
  from  the  heavenly  bodies. 
  {Artificial  lines},  lines  on  a  sector  or  scale,  so  contrived 
  as  to  represent  the  logarithmic  sines  and  tangents,  which 
  by  the  help  of  the  line  of  numbers,  solve,  with  tolerable 
  exactness,  questions  in  trigonometry,  navigation,  etc 
  {Artificial  numbers},  logarithms. 
  {Artificial  person}  (Law).  See  under  {Person}. 
  {Artificial  sines},  {tangents},  etc.,  the  same  as  logarithms 
  of  the  natural  sines,  tangents,  etc  --Hutton. 

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