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saltsmore about salts


  1  definition  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  n.  [AS.  sealt;  akin  to  OS  &  OFries  salt,  D.  zout, 
  G.  salz,  Icel.,  Sw.,  &  Dan.  salt,  L.  sal,  Gr  ?,  Russ.  sole, 
  Ir  &  Gael.  salann  W.  halen,  of  unknown  origin.  Cf  {Sal}, 
  {Salad},  {Salary},  {Saline},  {Sauce},  {Sausage}.] 
  1.  The  chloride  of  sodium,  a  substance  used  for  seasoning 
  food,  for  the  preservation  of  meat,  etc  It  is  found 
  native  in  the  earth,  and  is  also  produced,  by  evaporation 
  and  crystallization,  from  sea  water  and  other  water 
  impregnated  with  saline  particles. 
  2.  Hence  flavor;  taste;  savor;  smack;  seasoning. 
  Though  we  are  justices  and  doctors  and  churchmen  .  . 
  .  we  have  some  salt  of  our  youth  in  us  --Shak. 
  3.  Hence  also  piquancy;  wit;  sense  as  Attic  salt. 
  4.  A  dish  for  salt  at  table;  a  saltcellar. 
  I  out  and  bought  some  things  among  others  a  dozen 
  of  silver  salts.  --Pepys. 
  5.  A  sailor;  --  usually  qualified  by  old  [Colloq.] 
  Around  the  door  are  generally  to  be  seen,  laughing 
  and  gossiping,  clusters  of  old  salts.  --Hawthorne. 
  6.  (Chem.)  The  neutral  compound  formed  by  the  union  of  an 
  acid  and  a  base;  thus  sulphuric  acid  and  iron  form  the 
  salt  sulphate  of  iron  or  green  vitriol. 
  Note:  Except  in  case  of  ammonium  salts,  accurately  speaking, 
  it  is  the  acid  radical  which  unites  with  the  base  or 
  basic  radical,  with  the  elimination  of  hydrogen,  of 
  water,  or  of  analogous  compounds  as  side  products.  In 
  the  case  of  diacid  and  triacid  bases,  and  of  dibasic 
  and  tribasic  acids,  the  mutual  neutralization  may  vary 
  in  degree,  producing  respectively  basic,  neutral,  or 
  acid  salts.  See  Phrases  below. 
  7.  Fig.:  That  which  preserves  from  corruption  or  error;  that 
  which  purifies;  a  corrective;  an  antiseptic;  also  an 
  allowance  or  deduction;  as  his  statements  must  be  taken 
  with  a  grain  of  salt. 
  Ye  are  the  salt  of  the  earth.  --Matt.  v.  13. 
  8.  pl  Any  mineral  salt  used  as  an  aperient  or  cathartic, 
  especially  Epsom  salts,  Rochelle  salt,  or  Glauber's  salt. 
  9.  pl  Marshes  flooded  by  the  tide.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  {Above  the  salt},  {Below  the  salt},  phrases  which  have 
  survived  the  old  custom,  in  the  houses  of  people  of  rank, 
  of  placing  a  large  saltcellar  near  the  middle  of  a  long 
  table,  the  places  above  which  were  assigned  to  the  guests 
  of  distinction,  and  those  below  to  dependents,  inferiors, 
  and  poor  relations.  See  {Saltfoot}. 
  His  fashion  is  not  to  take  knowledge  of  him  that  is 
  beneath  him  in  clothes.  He  never  drinks  below  the 
  salt.  --B.  Jonson 
  {Acid  salt}  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  derived  from  an  acid  which  has  several 
  replaceable  hydrogen  atoms  which  are  only  partially 
  exchanged  for  metallic  atoms  or  basic  radicals;  as 
  acid  potassium  sulphate  is  an  acid  salt. 
  b  A  salt,  whatever  its  constitution,  which  merely  gives 
  an  acid  reaction;  thus  copper  sulphate,  which  is 
  composed  of  a  strong  acid  united  with  a  weak  base,  is 
  an  acid  salt  in  this  sense  though  theoretically  it  is 
  a  neutral  salt. 
  {Alkaline  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  which  gives  an  alkaline 
  reaction,  as  sodium  carbonate. 
  {Amphid  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  of  the  oxy  type  formerly 
  regarded  as  composed  of  two  oxides,  an  acid  and  a  basic 
  oxide.  [Obsolescent] 
  {Basic  salt}  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  which  contains  more  of  the  basic  constituent 
  than  is  required  to  neutralize  the  acid. 
  b  An  alkaline  salt. 
  {Binary  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  of  the  oxy  type  conveniently 
  regarded  as  composed  of  two  ingredients  (analogously  to  a 
  haloid  salt),  viz.,  a  metal  and  an  acid  radical. 
  {Double  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  regarded  as  formed  by  the  union 
  of  two  distinct  salts,  as  common  alum,  potassium  aluminium 
  sulphate.  See  under  {Double}. 
  {Epsom  salts}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
  {Essential  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  obtained  by 
  crystallizing  plant  juices. 
  {Ethereal  salt}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Ethereal}. 
  {Glauber's  salt}  or  {salts}.  See  in  Vocabulary. 
  {Haloid  salt}  (Chem.),  a  simple  salt  of  a  halogen  acid,  as 
  sodium  chloride. 
  {Microcosmic  salt}.  (Chem.).  See  under  {Microcosmic}. 
  {Neutral  salt}.  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  in  which  the  acid  and  base  (in  theory) 
  neutralize  each  other 
  b  A  salt  which  gives  a  neutral  reaction. 
  {Oxy  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  an  oxygen  acid. 
  {Per  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  supposed  to  be  derived  from  a 
  peroxide  base  or  analogous  compound.  [Obs.] 
  {Permanent  salt},  a  salt  which  undergoes  no  change  on 
  exposure  to  the  air. 
  {Proto  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  a  protoxide  base  or 
  analogous  compound. 
  {Rochelle  salt}.  See  under  {Rochelle}. 
  {Salt  of  amber}  (Old  Chem.),  succinic  acid. 
  {Salt  of  colcothar}  (Old  Chem.),  green  vitriol,  or  sulphate 
  of  iron. 
  {Salt  of  hartshorn}.  (Old  Chem.) 
  a  Sal  ammoniac,  or  ammonium  chloride. 
  b  Ammonium  carbonate.  Cf  {Spirit  of  hartshorn},  under 
  {Salt  of  lemons}.  (Chem.)  See  {Salt  of  sorrel},  below. 
  {Salt  of  Saturn}  (Old  Chem.),  sugar  of  lead;  lead  acetate;  -- 
  the  alchemical  name  of  lead  being  Saturn. 
  {Salt  of  Seignette}.  Same  as  {Rochelle  salt}. 
  {Salt  of  soda}  (Old  Chem.),  sodium  carbonate. 
  {Salt  of  sorrel}  (Old  Chem.),  acid  potassium  oxalate,  or 
  potassium  quadroxalate  used  as  a  solvent  for  ink  stains; 
  --  so  called  because  found  in  the  sorrel,  or  Oxalis.  Also 
  sometimes  inaccurately  called  {salt  of  lemon}. 
  {Salt  of  tartar}  (Old  Chem.),  potassium  carbonate;  --  so 
  called  because  formerly  made  by  heating  cream  of  tartar, 
  or  potassium  tartrate.  [Obs.] 
  {Salt  of  Venus}  (Old  Chem.),  blue  vitriol;  copper  sulphate; 
  --  the  alchemical  name  of  copper  being  Venus. 
  {Salt  of  wisdom}.  See  {Alembroth}. 
  {Sedative  salt}  (Old  Med.  Chem.),  boric  acid. 
  {Sesqui  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  a  sesquioxide  base 
  or  analogous  compound. 
  {Spirit  of  salt}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Spirit}. 
  {Sulpho  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  analogous  to  an  oxy  salt,  but 
  containing  sulphur  in  place  of  oxygen. 

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