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gehenna

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gehenna


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Gehenna  \Ge*hen"na\  (g[-e]*h[e^]n"n[.a]),  n.  [L.  Gehenna,  Gr 
  Ge`enna,  Heb.  G[=e]  Hinn[=o]m.]  (Jewish  Hist.) 
  The  valley  of  Hinnom,  near  Jerusalem,  where  some  of  the 
  Israelites  sacrificed  their  children  to  Moloch,  which  on 
  this  account,  was  afterward  regarded  as  a  place  of 
  abomination,  and  made  a  receptacle  for  all  the  refuse  of  the 
  city,  perpetual  fires  being  kept  up  in  order  to  prevent 
  pestilential  effluvia.  In  the  New  Testament  the  name  is 
  transferred,  by  an  easy  metaphor,  to  Hell. 
 
  The  pleasant  valley  of  Hinnom.  Tophet  thence  And  black 
  Gehenna  called  the  type  of  Hell.  --Milton. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Gehenna 
  n  :  a  place  where  the  wicked  are  punished  after  death  [syn:  {Gehenna}, 
  {Tartarus}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Gehenna 
  (originally  Ge  bene  Hinnom;  i.e.,  "the  valley  of  the  sons  of 
  Hinnom"),  a  deep,  narrow  glen  to  the  south  of  Jerusalem,  where 
  the  idolatrous  Jews  offered  their  children  in  sacrifice  to 
  Molech  (2  Chr.  28:3;  33:6;  Jer.  7:31;  19:2-6).  This  valley 
  afterwards  became  the  common  receptacle  for  all  the  refuse  of 
  the  city.  Here  the  dead  bodies  of  animals  and  of  criminals,  and 
  all  kinds  of  filth,  were  cast  and  consumed  by  fire  kept  always 
  burning.  It  thus  in  process  of  time  became  the  image  of  the 
  place  of  everlasting  destruction.  In  this  sense  it  is  used  by 
  our  Lord  in  Matt.  5:22,  29,  30;  10:28;  18:9;  23:15,  33;  Mark 
  9:43,  45,  47;  Luke  12:5.  In  these  passages,  and  also  in  James 
  3:6,  the  word  is  uniformly  rendered  "hell,"  the  Revised  Version 
  placing  Gehenna"  in  the  margin.  (See  {HELL};  {HINNOM}.) 
 




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